Synonyms for aksum or Related words with aksum

makuria              himyarite              axumite              aksumite              qatna              nobatia              mitanni              nabatean              meroe              axum              kassites              arachosia              arzawa              nabataeans              napata              bactria              funan              hamath              nabateans              carchemish              nekor              ezana              amurru              corduene              kizzuwatna              kaffa              aethiopia              yamhad              nabataean              ebla              elamites              bornu              urkesh              amorite              assyria              nabataea              alalakh              lagash              khwarezm              magadha              osroene              kindah              dilmun              kushans              sabaeans              guge              vaspurakan              sennar              amlak              hephthalite             



Examples of "aksum"
The Book of Aksum or Mats'hafa Aksum (Ge'ez መጽሐፈ ፡ አክሱም "maṣḥafa aksūm", , , ) is the name accepted since the time of James Bruce for a collection of documents from St. Mary's Cathedral of Aksum providing information on Ethiopian history. The earliest parts of the collection date to the mid-15th century during the reign of Zar'a Ya`qob (r. 1434-1468).
Dungur (or Dungur 'Addi Kilte) is the name of the ruins of a substantial mansion located in the western part of Aksum, Ethiopia, the former capital of the Kingdom of Aksum. These ruins are located in the western part of Aksum, across the Gondar road from the Gudit Stelae field.
Eventually, the Islamic Empire took control of the Red Sea and most of the Nile, pushing Aksum into economic isolation. Northwest of Aksum, in modern-day Sudan, the Christian states of Makuria and Alodia lasted till the 13th century before becoming Islamic. Aksum, isolated, nonetheless still remained Christian.
According to the medieval Book of Aksum ("Liber Axumae"), the Kingdom of Aksum's first capital, Mazaber, was built by Itiyopp'is. Ityopp'is was, according to the 15th century part of the Book of Aksum, a son (not mentioned in the Bible) of Cush, son of Ham, who founded the city of Aksum. The name Ityopp'is may be the origin of the word Ethiopia.
According to the "Book of Aksum", Aksum's first capital, Mazaber, was built by Itiyopis, son of Cush. The capital was later moved to Aksum in northern Ethiopia. The Kingdom used the name "Ethiopia" as early as the 4th century.
In the 6th century Aksum was powerful enough to add Saba on the Arabian peninsula to her empire. At the end of the 6th century, the Sasanian Empire pushed Aksum out of the peninsula. With the spread of Islam through Western Asia and Northern Africa, Aksum's trading networks in the Mediterranean faltered. The Red Sea trade diminished as it was diverted to the Persian Gulf and dominated by Arabs, causing Aksum to decline. By 800 AD, the capital was moved south into the interior highlands, and Aksum was much diminished.
Over 95% of Aksum remains unexplored beneath the modern city and its surrounding area.
After the fall of Dʿmt during the fourth century BC, the plateau came to be dominated by smaller successor kingdoms. In the first century AD, the Kingdom of Aksum emerged in what is now northern Ethiopia and Eritrea. According to the medieval "Book of Aksum", the kingdom's first capital, Mazaber, was built by Itiyopis, son of Cush. Aksum would later at times extend its rule into Yemen on the other side of the Red Sea. The Persian religious figure Mani listed Aksum with Rome, Persia, and China as one of the four great powers of his era, during the 3rd century.
Aksum is mentioned in the "Periplus" as an important market place for ivory, which was exported throughout the ancient world:
Ousas or Ousana(s) (c. 500) was a King of the Kingdom of Aksum. He succeeded Nezool atop the throne.
Kings of Aksum and Dʿmt are listed separately due to numerous gaps and large flexibility in chronology.
In the Ethiopian Book of Aksum, Makeda is described as establishing a new capital city at Azeba.
A Semitic people from Saudi-Arabia invaded these parts in about 1000 BC. By 400 AD they had established the Kingdom of Aksum and an important trade route led from Adulis, then on the coast, to the capital of the kingdom, Aksum, located in what is now the Tigray Region of Ethiopia.
The last period of the city is marked by the victory stele of an unnamed ruler of Aksum (almost certainly Ezana) erected at the site of Meroë; from his description, in Greek, that he was "King of the Aksumites and the Omerites," (i.e. of Aksum and Himyar) it is likely this king ruled sometime around 330.
According to the medieval "Liber Axumae" (Book of Aksum), Aksum's first capital, Mazaber, was built by Itiyopis, son of Cush. The capital was later moved to Aksum in northern Ethiopia. The Kingdom used the name "Ethiopia" as early as the 4th century.
The Empire of Aksum is notable for a number of achievements, such as its own alphabet, the Ge'ez script which was eventually modified to include vowels, becoming an abugida. Furthermore, in the early times of the empire, around 1700 years ago, giant Obelisks to mark emperors' (and nobles') tombs (underground grave chambers) were constructed, the most famous of which is the Obelisk of Aksum.
Little is known of the African east coast prior to the Swahili cultures. Around the end of the 1st century CE, the Kingdom of Aksum is founded in what is now Ethiopia. The travel to the Aksumite kingdom by the bishop Frumentius is credited for bringing Christianity to Aksum. The king Ezana of Axum embraced Christianity in 333, establishing it as the official religion.
The "Book of Aksum", written and compiled probably before the 15th century, shows a traditional schematic map of Tigray with the city of Aksum at its center surrounded by the 13 principal provinces: "Tembien, Shire, Serae, Hamasien, Bur, Sam’a, Agame, Amba Senayt, Garalta, Enderta, Sahart and Abergele."
According to the "Periplus", the ruler of Aksum in the 1st century CE was Zoscales, who, besides ruling in Aksum also held under his sway two harbours on the Red Sea: Adulis (near Massawa) and Avalites (Assab). He is also said to have been familiar with Greek literature:
The main exports of Aksum were, as would be expected of a state during this time, agricultural products. The land was much more fertile during the time of the Aksumites than now, and their principal crops were grains such as wheat and barley. The people of Aksum also raised cattle, sheep, and camels. Wild animals were also hunted for things such as ivory and rhinoceros horns. They traded with Roman traders as well as with Egyptian and Persian merchants. The empire was also rich with gold and iron deposits. These metals were valuable to trade, but another mineral was also widely traded: salt. Salt was abundant in Aksum and was traded quite frequently.