Synonyms for arbeyter or Related words with arbeyter
Examples of "arbeyter"
(דער ארבײטער, 'The Worker') was a Yiddish-language newspaper, issued by the Polish Socialist Party (PPS). The newspaper was launched in 1898, named after a Galician Jewish social democratic publication by the same name. "Der
" was initially published from London.
As of 1905 (the year of revolution in the Russian empire), "Der
" had become a weekly paper published from Warsaw and reached a circulation of 20,000. The publication ceased later the same year.
" was mainly directed towards mobilizing support for PPS amongst Jewish workers in Poland. The PPS lagged behind its competitor, the General Jewish Labour Bund, in terms of Yiddish-language publishing. Thus, PPS felt it could not compete with the Bundist press amongst the Jewish intelligentsia, it concentrated its propaganda work toward Jewish labourers. "Der
" dealt with questions of everyday working class life, rather than theoretical articles.
" had a circulation of 1,500 copies, intended for distribution inside Congress Poland. Maks Horwitz, the sole Yiddish-speaking intellectual in PPS at the time, was the founding editor of the publication.
in Geneva. There, he established the Bund’s Foreign Committee and, when Der yidisher
, the Bundist paper published in Vilna, became the organ of this committee in 1899, he became its new editor.
Horwitz, who had edited the first edition of "Der
", was arrested in Warsaw in 1899. Thus the PPS no longer had any person who could manage a Yiddish publication. After Horwitz's arrest, the PPS cadre Leon Wasilewski learned Yiddish so that the publication could be continued and a second edition could be published. With the arrival of Feliks Sachs, who spoke fluent Yiddish, to the PPS centre in London, two more editions were published in 1901 (April and August). Sachs eventually became the editor of "Der
" and the head of the Jewish section of PPS.
('The Jewish Worker') was a Yiddish-language periodical. It began as a Jewish workers journal in Vilna. In December 1896, Vladimir Kossovsky became the editor of the publication. With the sixth issue of the journal, published in March 1899, it became an organ of the General Jewish Labour Bund. The publication became the organ of the Foreign Committee of the Bund, and John Mill became its new editor. "Der yidisher
" became increasingly a theoretical publication, and its articles often dealt with issues relating to the national question in Central and Eastern Europe.
(דער אידישער ארבייטער: 'The Jewish Worker') was a Yiddish-language labour movement journal published from Paris, France. It was the first full-fledged Jewish labour periodical in the country, and catered to the Jewish branches of the "Confédération générale du travail" (CGT). It was the monthly organ of the "Intersektionen Byuro" ('Inter-sectional Bureau'), the coordination of Jewish trade union branches of the CGT. The first issue appeared on October 9, 1911. "Der yidisher
" represented a crossroads between the French labour movement and the Central and European Jewish culture.
Alexandre Losovsky was a prominent contributor to the periodical. The pages of "Der yidisher
" were mainly dedicated to reports of CGT activity and the French and international labour movement. The different Jewish CGT branches posted news in the periodical. The Jewish CGT branches were of different political inclinations, a fact that was illustrated by different statements in "Der yidisher
". The anarcho-syndicalists found it too reformist, the Bundist found it not Jewish enough, the anarchists found it too Jewish and some of its collaborators became accused of 'separatism' by the CGT leadership.
In 1902, the seventh issue of "Der
" was published. Now the publishing had shifted from London to Vilna. Detached from the PPS centre in London, Sachs implemented changes in the editorial line of the paper. It began to talk about the Jewish people as a separate national group, and about Poland and Lithuania as two separate countries.
In total, 25 issues were published of the newspaper. The financial situation of "Der yidisher
" was precarious. It also lacked staff. The periodical did receive funds from various unions, such as the cap makers, furriers, leather workers, tailors, bakers and tinsmiths. In 1911 only two issues were published. Two thousand copies were printed for the first issue, but only 800 were sold. The periodical was relaunched on May 1, 1912.
" argued that a Polish democratic republic had to be established in order to achieve Jewish emancipation and socialism. It opposed Russification of the Jewish population in Poland. Furthermore, it consistently used the term 'Jew' as a religious, not national, denomination. Catholic Poles were labelled as 'Christians' in its articles, and the publication stressed that Jewish and Christians alike were equally part of the Polish nation and the Polish proletariat. This approach contrasted the line of the General Jewish Labour Bund, who argued that Jews constituted a separate national group in the Russian empire.
In the same year, he began to help in the typesetting of "Freedom", an anarchist newspaper started in 1886. He became the manager of the Freedom Press in 1891 and went on speaking tours alongside Pyotr Kropotkin, Errico Malatesta, Louise Michel, and Saul Yanovsky. When Yanovsky left for the United States, he was briefly replaced by Jacob Kaplan as the editor of "
Fraynd" ("Worker's Friend"), a weekly Yiddish anarchist newspaper. Kaplan, however, was quickly replaced in October 1895 by the more experienced Wess.
By the beginning of the 20th century, Wess' participation in the Jewish trade union movement had been reduced. He took up a job as a bookkeeper in a tobacco factory and in 1904, he stayed with Tom Keell, the compositor and new manager of "Freedom". In February 1906, Wess and Lilian Wolfe (Keell's partner and another member of the "Freedom" publishing group), were setting up the
Fraynd Club on Jubilee Street, Whitechapel. By June of that year, he and Rudolf Rocker were serving on another tailors' strike committee.
From October 1898, Rocker and Witkop co-edited the "
Fraynd". In March 1900, the two also started publishing the newspaper "Germinal", which was more focused on cultural topics. In 1907, the couple's son, Fermin, was born. Rocker and Witkop were opposed to World War I after it broke out in 1914, unlike many other anarchists such as Kropotkin, who supported the Allied cause. To ease the poverty and deprivation caused by the joblessness that accompanied the war, Witkop and her husband opened a soup kitchen. In December 1914, however, Rocker like many Germans and Austrians in the UK, was interned as an enemy alien. Witkop continued her anti-war activities until she was also arrested in 1916. She remained imprisoned until the autumn of 1918. She then left the United Kingdom to join her husband and son in the Netherlands.
A key question was the separate identity of Jewish branches inside the French labour movement. In October 1912, a political debate was sparked in "Der yidisher
". A Bundist furrier, E. Sviranski, wrote an article supporting the set-up by separate Jewish sections. He stated that French unions did not attend to the needs of Jewish workers, and that Jewish workers ought to unite around their common language and shared working conditions. In short, Sviranski sought greater autonomy for the "Intersektionen Byuro" of the CGT (of which Sviranski was a prominent member). Sviranski's claim that Jewish workers had specific working conditions was rejected by the editors of the periodical, in an article in the following issue. The debate lasted for a few months. In the end the dispute was settled, the majority sided for the position of CGT loyalists. However, a 'Free Tribune' column was introduced which continued to function as an open forum of debate.
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