Synonyms for avaient or Related words with avaient

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Examples of "avaient"
The Saint-Simon Foundation supported democracy and economic liberalism, opposing "totalitarianism." It wanted to create bridges between Universities, business and public administration. Pierre Nora defined it as the "meeting of people who had means [i.e. money] with those who had ideas" ("« la rencontre de gens qui avaient des moyens avec des gens qui avaient des idées »").
In 1744, in another paper to the Paris Academy, he gave his "Accord de plusieurs lois naturelles qui avaient paru jusqu’ici incompatibles" ("Agreement of several natural laws that had hitherto seemed to be incompatible") to show that the behaviour of light during refraction – when it bends on entering a new medium – was such that the total path it followed, from a point in the first medium to a point in the second, minimised a quantity which he again assimilated to action.
In 1888 Reynaldo composed "Si mes vers avaient des ailes" to a poem by Victor Hugo; it was an instant success when published by "Le Figaro". From this exposure and publicity, Hahn came into contact with many leading artists in Paris (in addition to the relationships he cultivated at the Conservatoire). The famed soprano Sybil Sanderson and the writer Alphonse Daudet invited Hahn into their social sphere. Hahn had "a special gift" of attracting "important people to his side".
Ces diverses techniques de rationalisation se sont montrées efficaces pour ceux des gouvernements de la V République qui n'ont disposé que d'une majorité faible pour les soutenir. Cependant les mêmes techniques ou presque déjà présente dans la constitution de la IV République avaient totalement manqué leur but. La plupart cependant n'ont pas été formellement renversés, mais se sont retirés faute d'obtenir le soutien qu'ils estimaient nécessaire, ou encore à la suite de désaccords graves entre ministres. Ces deux causes ont disparu.
"Depuis longtemps déjà Dutertre-Delporte recueillait des débris de poissons fossiles; de son côté Bouchard-Chantereaux en accumulait dans ses riches collections paléontologiques. Les auteurs classiques avaient connaissance des espèces que possédaient les deux naturalistes. Egerton adonné, dans la famille des Chimères, le nom de Dutertre à un individu du genre Ischyodus. Gervais, dans sa Zoologie et Géologie Françaises cite Bouchard à propos d'un Ibodus".
A 13 h, les moudjahidine avaient déjà pris position en se postant à l’aplomb du détour de la piste, cachés derrière les arbres, plus exactement au lieudit “Borne 40”. Au retour du convoi, le capitaine à bord de la jepp s’aperçut qu’il était dans l’impossibilité de poursuivre sa route à cause de la tranchée ouverte. “Les fellagas ont coupé la route et se sont sauvé comme des lapins”, prononcera- t-il orgueilleusement.
At 18, Cazaumayou started a career in advertising which lasted for ten years, but in 1970 he entered the field of bandes dessinées, releasing his first album, "Kris Kool". Caza began to publish work in "Pilote" magazine, starting with his series "Quand les costumes avaient des dents" ("When Costumes had Teeth") in 1971, followed by other short work. The series of stories "Scènes de la vie de banlieue" ("Scenes of Suburban Life") was published in 1975, followed by the "L'Âge d'Ombre" stories, "Les Habitants du crépuscule" and "Les Remparts de la nuit".
Cependant Si Hamdane Benmoussa avait donné l’ordre de ne tirer aucune balle avant que le signal ne soit donné. Comme prévu, le convoi arriva à 8h, escorté par deux avions de type Jaguar. A partir des maisons où ils étaient embusqués, les éléments de l’ALN observaient le mouvement de l’ennemi. Mais pour des raisons de repli, les maquisards avaient jugé utile de n’intervenir qu’au retour du convoi, prévu l’après-midi, et ce, afin de pouvoir battre en retraite dans l’obscurité sachant qu’à cette période de l’année la nuit commençait à tomber à partir de 16 h 30.
Les deux grandes paroisses (Sainte-Marie et Sainte-Anne) de ce courageux missionnaire étaient composées de petits villages reliés uniquement par de grossiers sentiers, souvent impraticables en hiver surtout, dans les bois. En général, ces Acadiens avaient de grandes familles et l'occupation principale était la survie de la famille en pourvoyant aux besoins les plus fondamentales des membres. Les loisirs étaient peu nombreux, sinon les célébrations entourant certaines fêtes liturgiques ou certaines occasions, comme les noces et les enterrements. Le troc maritime avec les îles caraïbes avait comme résultat l'obtention, légale ou non, de boisson alcoolique parmi ces gens. Aussi, les habitants de ces villages descendaient souvent d'ancêtres communs, ce qui rendait impraticable le choix d'un conjoint ou d'une conjointe en dehors de la famille étendue.
Declassified, archival documents unearthed by biographer Hal Vaughan reveal that the French Préfecture de Police had a document on Chanel in which she was described as "Couturier and perfumer. Pseudonym: Westminster. Agent reference: F 7124. Signalled as suspect in the file" ("Pseudonyme: Westminster. Indicatif d'agent: F 7124. Signalée comme suspecte au fichier"). For Vaughan, this was a piece of revelatory information linking Chanel to German intelligence operations. Anti-Nazi activist Serge Klarsfeld declared, "It is not because Chanel had a spy number that she was necessarily personally implicated. Some informers had numbers without being aware of it." (""Ce n'est pas parce que Coco Chanel avait un numéro d'espion qu'elle était nécessairement impliquée personnellement. Certains indicateurs avaient des numéros sans le savoir"").
The court's judgement revealed that Mitterrand was motivated by keeping elements of his private life secret from the general public, such as the existence of his illegitimate daughter Mazarine Pingeot (which the writer Jean-Edern Hallier, was threatening to reveal), his cancer which had been diagnosed in 1981, and the elements of his past in the Vichy Régime which were not already public knowledge. The court judged that certain people were tapped for "obscure" reasons, such as Carole Bouquet's companion, a lawyer with family in the Middle East, Edwy Plenel, a journalist for "le Monde" who covered the "Rainbow Warrior" story and the Vincennes Three affair, and the lawyer Antoine Comte. The court declared "Les faits avaient été commis sur ordre soit du président de la République, soit des ministres de la Défense successifs qui ont mis à la disposition de (Christian Prouteau) tous les moyens de l'État afin de les exécuter" (translation: these actions were committed following orders from the French President or his various Defence Ministers who gave Christian Prouteau full access to the state machinery so he could execute the orders) The court stated that Mitterrand was the principal instigator of the wire taps (l'inspirateur et le décideur de l'essentiel) and that he had ordered some of the taps and turned a blind eye to others and that none of the 3000 wiretaps carried out by the cell were legally obtained.
More controversial than the distribution of commendations was the debate over Bridport's decision to withdraw from the battle while the remainder of the French fleet was still within reach. In his official dispatch, the British admiral wrote that "If the Enemy had not been protect and sheltered by the Land, I have every reason to believe that a much greater Number, if not all the Line of Battle ships, would have been taken or destroyed" going on note that "When the ships struck, the British squadron was near to some Batteries [on Groix], and in the Face of a strong Naval Port [Lorient]. His subsequent concern for the Quiberon expeditionary convoy also demonstrates that he considered its protection his principal duty. However in the opinion of French admiral Kerguelen, ""S'ils avaient bien manouevré, ils auraient pu, ou prendre tous nos vaisseaux, ou les faire périr à la côte"" (If [the English] had maneuvered successfully they could have taken all of our vessels, or made them perish on the coast). Historians have considered this view and most agree that Bridport's retirement was premature: In 1827 James noted that the scattered remains of the French fleet could easily have been attacked by the unengaged British rear with the advantage of the weather gage, while William Laird Clowes wrote in 1901 that "We may be pretty sure that had a Nelson, a Hawke or even a Boscawen commanded on the occasion, the fleet of Villaret would have been annihilated." Twenty-first-century historians Noel Mostert and Richard Woodman have compared Groix with the battles of Genoa and Hyères fought earlier in the year in the Mediterranean, where in similar circumstances another elderly admiral, William Hotham, had also allowed scattered and retreating French fleets to escape when they might have been destroyed.
Gobineau gave artistic expression to his vision in his 1881 epic poem "Amadis" where the a small elite of Aryan aristocrats ruling Europe are threatened by a revolt of racially inferior commoners which allows the Chinese to invade Europe; despite the fact that the Aryan heroes are superior in every respect to the Chinese "horde", the Aryans are finally overwhelmed by sheer force of numbers and are exterminated. In "Amadis", the extermination of the Aryans marks the destruction of everything good in the world and is the beginning of a new dark age. In "Amadis", Gobineau wrote about the masses: ""Une âme en eux?...Certes, très bien Ils savaient qu'ils n'en avaient rien"" ("A soul for them?...To be sure, they knew very well that they had none"). In "Amadis" was Gobineau at his most bitter as he attacked Jesus Christ for preaching universal salvation, which Gobineau dismissed under the grounds that only the Aryan elite have souls. Biddiss wrote: "In the "Essai" he had compromised with religious orthodoxy to the point where he had at least allowed all men some limited rights and qualities by virtue of their common humanity. "Amadis" negates even that. It is an assertion of the ego, of aristocratic morality, of liberty, love and honor for the few alone. The elite is deified while the rest of humanity is denied a soul or after-life. Naturally, since we cannot be sure that Gobineau himself really believed in the existence of a supernatural paradise, we should not take too literally any associated remarks about the soul or immortality". The Chinese are presented in "Amadis" as subhuman creatures unworthy of respect or love, deserving only to be killed. In this regard, Biddiss wrote that it was not the Jews, whom Gobineau hated and feared the most, but rather the Slavs and the Asians, believing that Europe would be destroyed by a Slavic-Asian invasion sometime in the near-future. Gobineau had always believed in the superiority of elites who should not be guided by any sort of morality and for whom the masses were destined to be their slaves; "Amadis" was merely Gobineau's starkest declaration of this belief that all of this writings had at very least implied. In 1868, Gobineau had written to Dragoumis: "You know that deep down my sole political belief is that any man of real blood is created and put into this world in order to take charge of lesser people", lamenting that his fate was to be being a member of the Aryan elite who sadly was born in the 19th century.