Synonyms for axumite or Related words with axumite
Examples of "axumite"
About the 2nd century AD, there arose the Axumites rapidly supplanting the Damot. The
however paid homage to their former masters. The Judaic rulers of Damot were held in the highest esteem by the new
This lasted until the 4th century when Twin
Emperors Ezana and Sezana became converted to the new Christian Faith.
Hura-Seleste evolves from the history of the relation between Atsbians and
kingdom, in which “Royal
Troops” have had guarded their national fervour. It is a type of dancing with an intricate foot work in which the entitled youngsters or men can play on a circular pattern after single Hura song.
He also wrote extensively on the archaeology of ancient civilizations in the more northerly Horn of Africa, such as the
Empire and the Hafun city-states.
The Abyssinians are believed to be descendants of the Axumites, who spoke the ancient Ge'ez language. Ge'ez is most closely related to Tigrinya and Tigre languages. The Aksumites inhabited northern Ethiopia and Eritrea. They already lived in this area by the early 1st millennium BC, and founded the
empire, which succeeded the pre-Aksumite Kingdom of D'mt. These people formed the basic ethnocultural stock of both the pre-
states. Before the adoption of Chrstianity in fourth century the religion of the Axumites was a polytheistic religion derived from the Arabic religion which believed that many gods controlled the natural forces of the universe.
Under the command of its Emperor Abraha the
Army of spearmen, swordsmen, elephants, cavalry and Archers defeated the Army of Himyar.
Serae was a region of the Kingdom of Dmt ዳእማት ወይ ዳዕማት, which would evolve in the Aksum ኣክሱም. During this
period, the region became a successful trading region as it lay between the Red Sea port of Adulis ኣዱሊስ, Asmara ኣስመራ, and Axum ኣክሱም. Beja people, around AD 640, were obliged to migrate southwards from Egypt. They then attacked all the
regions, Eritrean lowlands and the Red Sea and they extended their power through Eritrea.
control of South Arabia continued until c.525 when Sumuafa' Ashawa' was deposed by Abraha, who made himself king. Procopius states that Kaleb made several unsuccessful attempts to recover his overseas territory; however, his successor later negotiated a peace with Abraha, where Abraha acknowledged the
king's authority and paid tribute. Munro-Hay opines that by this expedition Axum overextended itself, and this final intervention across the Red Sea, "was Aksum's swan-song as a great power in the region."
His silver coin features his portrait on both the obverse and reverse with the disc and crescent (at top). The reverse revals a distinguishing festure of
coinage; gilding. The reverse interior portrait is overlaid with gold.
Saizana (unvocalized Ge'ez: ሠዐዘነ "śʿzn") was the brother of King Ezana of Axum, who changed the official religion of the
Kingdom to Christianity. That kingdom abutted the Red Sea.
Empire has a longstanding relationship with Islam. According to ibn Hisham, when Prophet Muhammad faced oppression from the Quraish clan, he sent a small group that included his daughter Ruqayya and her husband Uthman ibn Affan to Axum. Sahama, the
emperor, gave them refuge and protection. He refused the requests of the Quraish clan to send these refugees back to Arabia. These refugees did not return until the sixth year of the Hijra (628), and even then many remained in Ethiopia, eventually settling at Negash in eastern Tigray.
The Christians of Najran were massacred in 524 by the Himyarite king, Yusuf As'ar Dhu Nuwas. The Najranite Christians, like other Southern Arabian Christian communities, had close connections with the ecclesiastical authorities in Byzantium and Abyssinia. They were identified by virtue of their religion as ""pro-
"" and ""pro-Byzantine"."
The first scientific excavations at Adulis were undertaken by a German expedition in 1906, under the supervision of R. Sundström. Sundström worked in the northern sector of the site, exposing a large structure, which he dubbed the "palace of Adulis", as well as recovering
coinage. The expedition's results were published in four volumes in 1913.
Eon was the first King of Axum to use the mysterious title "+ BAC + CIN + BAX + ABA". Munro-Hay reports this has been interpreted to mean "Basileus habasinon" -- "King of the Habashat/Habash", a title used in South Arabian inscriptions to refer to the
Munro-Hay states that either Armah or Gersem were the last
kings to issue coins. In either case, no gold coins of Armah have been found, and Munro-Hay speculates that "he had accepted that there was no purpose in producing them, as his kingdom was by now at least in part cut off from the Byzantine trade network."
Countries and areas with ancient histories, such as Ethiopia and Somalia, all have had eras of great empires. Various ancient empires extended and consolidated their power over large parts of the Horn region, such as the
Empire (4th century BC–AD 10th century), the Zagwe dynasty (10th century - 1270), the Solomonic dynasty (1270–1974), the Adal Sultanate and the Ajuran Sultanate.
The district has been one of strategical importance for centuries. The area and the port of Massawa were ruled by a succession of polities, including the
Empire, Umayyad Caliphate, Beja Kingdom, Ottoman Empire, Egypt, Britain, Italy and Ethiopia, until Eritrea's independence in 1991. Massawa became the capital of Italian Eritrea, until this was moved to Asmara in 1900.
Kingdom produced coins and stelae associated with the disc and crescent symbols of the deity Ashtar. The kingdom later became one of the earliest states to adopt Christianity, following the conversion of King Ezana II in the 4th century.
Gudit (Ge'ez: ጉዲት, "Judith") (or Yodit, or Esato, or Ga'wa), is a semi-legendary, non-Christian, Beta Israel queen (flourished c. 960) who laid waste to Axum and its countryside, destroyed churches and monuments, and attempted to exterminate the members of the ruling
dynasty. Her deeds are recorded in the oral tradition and mentioned incidentally in various historical accounts.
Taddesse Tamrat has speculated that one effect of Gudit's otherwise ephemeral rule, might be the pockets of various languages related to Amharic scattered across southwestern Ethiopia (e.g. Argobba, Gurage and Gafat), which could have been
military settlements isolated by her conquests and later Sidamo migrations.
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