Synonyms for begleit or Related words with begleit
Examples of "begleit"
Division, 18th SS Div., 20th SS GD, and Panzer Division Hermann Göring.
Despite the fact that Hitler's personal security was in the hands of the SS "Leibstandarte", on the outbreak of World War II a small detachment was drawn from the "Wach Regiment" to become Hitler's official state bodyguard. This unit was called the "Führer
" ("Führer Escort") battalion, and was to eventually be expanded to divisional size (see "Führer-
Despite the idea of Hitler's bodyguards being drawn from the SS, a small detachment was drawn from the Wach Regiment to become Hitler's private bodyguard. This unit was called the Führer
(or Führer Escort), and was to eventually be expanded to divisional size (see Führer
-Bataillon Reichsführer-SS was formed in May 1941 from Himmler's personal escort. The
-Bataillon fought on the eastern front during Operation Barbarossa. Further, when SS-"Brigadeführer" Wilhelm Mohnke formed "Kampfgruppe Mohnke" (Battle Group Mohnke) during the Battle of Berlin it was made up in part by 600 men from this battalion.
On 23 April, "Brigadeführer" Wilhelm Mohnke was appointed by Hitler as Battle Commander for the centre government district (Zitadelle sector), which included the Reich Chancellery and "Führerbunker". Mohnke's command post was in the bunkers under the Reich Chancellery. He formed "Kampfgruppe Mohnke" (Battle Group Mohnke), divided into two weak regiments. It was made up of the LSSAH Flak Company, replacements from LSSAH Training and Reserve Battalion from Spreenhagan (under "Standartenfuhrer" Anhalt), 600 men from the "
-Bataillon Reichsführer-SS", the Führer-
-Company, and the core group—800 men of the LSSAH Guard Battalion assigned to guard the Führer.
The Sturmbrigade Reichsführer-SS was a German military unit of World War II. It was formed in February 1943 when Adolf Hitler ordered the
-Bataillon Reichsführer-SS (Heinrich Himmler's escort battalion), which had proved itself in battle, be upgraded to the status of an assault brigade or Sturmbrigade thus Sturmbrigade Reichsführer SS was established.
Through the rest of the war, Remer served with the "Führer
Brigade" (FBB), a field unit formed from a Grossdeutschland cadre, in East Prussia and during the Ardennes Offensive. He was taken prisoner by the American forces, and remained a prisoner until 1947.
After recovering from his wounds, Mohnke was personally appointed by Hitler as the "Kommandant" (Battle Commander) for the defense of the centre government district of Berlin ("Zitadelle" sector), which included the Reich Chancellery and "Führerbunker". Mohnke's command post was under the Reich Chancellery in the bunkers therein. He formed "Kampfgruppe Mohnke" (Battle Group Mohnke) and it was divided into two weak regiments. It was made up of the LSSAH Flak Company, replacements from LSSAH "Ausbildungs-und Ersatz Battalion" from Spreenhagen under SS-"Standartenführer" Anhalt, 600 men from the "
-Bataillon Reichsführer-SS", the "Führer-
-Kompanie" and the core group being the 800 men of the "Leibstandarte" (LSSAH) SS Guard Battalion (that was assigned to guard the Führer).
As part of this drastic reorganization, the FBB was detached from army control, expanded by incorporating elements of the FGB and "Panzergrenadier-Division Großdeutschland", and redesignated the "Führer-
-Division" (FBD); at the same time, its sister formation, the "Führergrenadierbrigade", was also upgraded to divisional status and renamed the "Führer-Grenadier-Division" (FGD). Both ""Führer"" divisions were put in the OKH ("Oberkommando der Heere": the army high command), reserve until committed to the eastern front.
South of Dietrich's forces was General Hasso von Manteuffel's Fifth Panzer Army. Manfteuffel's army was formed up by the 66th Infantry Corps (18th and 62nd Volksgrenadier divisions), 58th Panzer Corps (116th Panzer Division and 560th Volksgrenadier Division), the 47th Panzer Corps (2nd Panzer Division and 26th Volksgrenadier Division), the Panzer-Lehr-Division and the Führer
Brigade. Although held as a reserve, the Panzer-Lehr-Division was officially attached to the 47th Panzer Corps. The Fifth Panzer Army was tasked with supporting the Sixth Panzer Army's left flank, and breach the Meuse River by the third day of the offensive. The Fifth Panzer Army was positioned directly opposite the American 28th Infantry Division.
In planning for the actual attack, Manteuffel had divided his 5th "Panzer" Army into three corps composed of infantry, tanks, and supporting artillery. The main effort, or "schwerpunkt", would consist of XLVII Panzer Corps and LVIII Panzer Corps advancing west across the River Our at Ouren from the south or left flank of the German army front. They would then occupy the transportation center of Bastogne, before crossing the Meuse River at Namur. The third group, LXVI Corps, would advance west on either side of the Schnee Eifel. This northernmost, or right wing, element would flank and begin an envelopment of the American forces occupying fortifications on the "Schnee Eifel" and then converge on the town of Winterspelt. From there, LXVI Corps would cross the "Our" river and occupy "St. Vith" on the first day of the attack. LXVI Corps was the weakest of the three corps, with no attached tank division or motor transport, but did include an attached assault gun battalion. The "Panzer Lehr" Division (Armor Demonstration Division) and the "Führer
Brigade" (Führer Escort Brigade) were to be held in reserve, with the "Führer
" only usable with Model's express permission. Manteuffel's preference for the "little slam", or limited solution, was reflected in the absence of planning beyond reaching the Meuse River.
The FBK accompanied Hitler on all his travels and was always present at the different "Führerhauptquartiere" (Führer Headquarters) located in various parts of occupied Europe during World War II. Wherever Hitler was in residence, members of the FBK and RSD would be present. The RSD men patrolled the grounds and the FBK men provided close security protection. For special events, the number of LSSAH guards, which provided an outer ring of protection were increased. By June 1941, the FBK had grown to 35 members. Later by 15 January 1943 it had expanded to 31 SS officers and 112 men. Thirty-three were used in escort duties, rotating in groups of eleven. The rest were used as guards for Hitler's residence and as drivers, orderlies, valets, waiters, couriers and for communication duties. The term "
-Kommando" or "Begleitkommando-SS" were used at times when referring to the "Führerbegleitkommando".
As Clarke was cursing and threatening his way through the traffic jams west of "St. Vith", Model and Manteuffel were doing the same in the traffic jams east of "Schoenberg". Meeting Manteuffel in the confusion, Model ordered him to capture "St. Vith" on the 18th, giving him control of the "Fuhrer
" Brigade to make sure the objective would be met. It was not to be however, for the armor brigade had bogged down in the traffic jams, and the 18th and 62nd "Volksgrenadiers" were busy reducing the "Schnee" pocket and rebuilding the bridge at Steinbruck. The mechanized combat engineer battalion of the 18th "Volksgrenadiers", with a group from the 1st SS Panzer, did attack from the north, but were repelled by counterattacks from the 7th and 9th Armored.
The time spent refitting Panzer Lehr and several other units which had been committed prematurely meant that the operation had to be delayed. During the run up to the offensive Panzer Lehr was kept in reserve, along with the "Führer
" Brigade. On December 15, the day before the offensive began, Panzer Lehr was still severely understrength, with only one of its two tank battalions ready for action, the other restored to its parent unit, the 3rd Panzer Division. Both of its panzergrenadier regiments were at 80 percent of its authorized strength. It had only 57 tanks (30 Panthers and 27 Panzer IV) and 20 Jagdpanzer IV/70's by the time the attack jumped off. In compensation it was reinforced by two tank destroyer battalions and an assault gun brigade. The division's armored reconnaissance battalion was its only organic unit up to strength.
Army Group Vistula halted "Sonnenwende" on February 18. On February 19, Zhukov initiated a counter-offensive aimed at the capture of Stettin using the 61st and the 2nd Guards Tank Armies as well as the 7th Guards Cavalry Corps. However it stalled in the heavy street fighting during the re-capture of Arnswalde. There was no immediate German withdrawal, but the German command decided on February 21 to withdraw the headquarters of the XXXIX Panzer Corps as well as the "Führer-Grenadier", "Führer-
", "Holstein", and 10th SS Panzer Divisions westward behind Army Group Center, practically ensuring that eastern Pomerania would fall to the Soviets. Zhukov's commitment of the 70th Army into an attack on February 23 spurred a retreat with the German forces losing or abandoning many tanks. On February 24, Marshal Rokossovsky's 2nd Belorussian Front renewed the offensive into Pomerania, opening a wide gap in German lines west of Grudziądz and moving almost fifty kilometers (30 miles) forward, further reducing the cohesion of German defenses.
Following the German attacks sweeping around their position, the two regiments of the 106th Division, the 422nd and 423rd had remained in place, since they had heard that the Germans would launch artillery and patrols against them as they would any new division taking a place on the line. The German activity during the counter offensive seemed to follow this pattern, and since communication with the division headquarters in "St. Vith" was unreliable and intermittent, the Americans had remained for the most part inert. The few messages received indicated they could withdraw, but that counterattacks from the 7th and 9th Armored divisions would probably clear the Germans out of the area anyway. It was only at 2:15 AM on 18 December that they received an order from Jones to break out to the west along the "Bleialf" - "Schoenberg" – "St. Vith" road, clearing the area of Germans in the process. At 10 AM that morning, the breakout began with Colonel Cavender leading the attack with the 423d Infantry. By nightfall both regiments had covered three miles to the base of the ridge forming the east side of the "Our" River valley, and were prepared to attack and capture the bridge at "Schoenberg" at 10 AM the next day. At 9 AM on the 19th, the American positions came under artillery bombardment, and the 18th Volksgrenadiers overran the 590th Field Artillery Battalion who were to provide support for the attack. The attack was launched at 10 AM anyway, but came under assault gun and anti-aircraft gunfire from armored fighting vehicles on the ridge to their front. Volksgrenadiers advanced from the flanks firing small arms. This was bad enough, but then the tanks of the Führer
Brigade appeared behind them, on their way around the traffic jam at "Schoenberg", it was the last straw. The Americans were under fire from all sides and running low on ammunition. At this point Colonel Descheneaux, commander of the 422 decided to surrender the American forces in the pocket. At 4 PM, this surrender was formalized and the two regiments of the 106th division and all their supporting units, approximately 7,000 men, became prisoners of the German Army. A different grouping of scattered American soldiers under the command of Major Ouellette, numbering some 500 men surrendered later, but by 8 AM on 21 December, all organized resistance by American forces in the "Schnee Eifel" pocket ended. This marked the most extensive defeat suffered by American forces in the European Theatre.
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