Synonyms for behaviorism or Related words with behaviorism

behaviourism              empiricism              materialist              empiricist              epistemology              behaviorist              evolutionism              cognitivism              contextualism              reductionist              nominalist              constructionism              vitalism              pragmatism              relativism              hegelian              subjectivist              essentialism              positivist              freudian              sociobiology              positivism              reductionism              constructivism              pragmatist              essentialist              darwinism              dialectical              kantian              boasian              intuitionism              foundationalism              subjectivism              vitalist              durkheim              constructionist              organicism              cognitivist              emotivism              expressivism              holism              conventionalism              structuralism              logicism              existentialism              objectivism              instrumentalism              panpsychism              scientism              rationalism             



Examples of "behaviorism"
Logical behaviorism (also known as philosophical behaviorism or analytical behaviorism) is a theory of mind that mental concepts can be explained in terms of behavioral concepts.
Teleological Behaviorism is a branch of the Behavioral Approach of Psychology. Like all other forms of Behaviorism it relies heavily on attention to outwardly observable human behaviors. Similarly to other branches of Behaviorism, Teleological Behaviorism takes into account cognitive processes, like emotions and thoughts, but does not view these as empirical causes of behavior. Teleological Behaviorism instead looks at these emotions and thoughts as behaviors themselves. Teleological Behaviorism differs from other branches of Behaviorism through its focus on human capacity for self-control and also emphasizes the concept of free will.
Radical behaviorism has generated numerous descendants. Examples of these include molar approaches associated with Richard Herrnstein and William Baum, Howard Rachlin's teleological behaviorism, William Timberlake's behavior systems approach, and John Staddon's theoretical behaviorism.
Methodological behaviorism is based on the theory of only treating public events, or observable behavior. B.F. Skinner introduced another type of behaviorism called radical behaviorism, or the Conceptual Analysis of Behavior, which is based on the theory of also treating private events; for example, thinking and feeling. Radical behaviorism forms the conceptual piece of behavior analysis.
Radical behaviorism differs from other forms of behaviorism in that it treats everything we do as behavior, including private events such as thinking and feeling. Unlike John B. Watson's behaviorism, private events are not dismissed as "epiphenomena," but are seen as subject to the same principles of learning and modification as have been discovered to exist for overt behavior. Although private events are not publicly observable behaviors, radical behaviorism accepts that we are each observers of our own private behavior.
David Easton was the first to differentiate behavioralism from behaviorism in the 1950s. In the early 1940s, behaviorism itself was referred to as a behavioral science and later referred to as behaviorism. However, Easton sought to differentiate between the two disciplines:
Philosophical behaviorism has fallen out of favor since the latter half of the 20th century, coinciding with the rise of cognitivism. Cognitivists reject behaviorism due to several perceived problems. For example, behaviorism could be said to be counter-intuitive when it maintains that someone is talking about behavior in the event that a person is experiencing a painful headache.
Ryle's brand of logical behaviorism is not to be confused with the radical behaviorism of B. F. Skinner, or the methodological behaviorism of John B. Watson. Alex Byrne noted that "Ryle was indeed, as he reportedly said, 'only one arm and one leg a behaviorist'."
In the 1920s, behaviorism became the dominant paradigm, and remained so until the 1950s. Behaviorism used techniques based on theories of operant conditioning, classical conditioning and social learning theory. Major contributors included Joseph Wolpe, Hans Eysenck, and B.F. Skinner. Because behaviorism denied or ignored internal mental activity, this period represents a general slowing of advancement within the field of psychotherapy.
Radical behaviorism is often dismissed as logical positivism. Skinnerians maintain that Skinner was not a logical positivist and recognized the importance of thought as behavior. This position is made quite clear in "About Behaviorism". A clearer position for radical behaviorism seems to be the movement known philosophically as American pragmatism.
In high school she studied society and behaviorism.
Because of the name it is often assumed to have its roots in behaviorism. While some behavioral geographers clearly have roots in behaviorism due to the emphasis on cognition, most can be seen as cognitively oriented. Indeed, it seems that behaviorism interest is more recent and growing. This is particularly true in the area of human landscaping.
Watson wrote in 1924 "Behaviorism ... holds that the subject matter of human psychology is the behavior of the human being. Behaviorism claims that consciousness is neither a definite nor a usable concept."
Others feel that it is consistent with behavior analysis but involves emergent principles not found in conventional operant conditioning. Finally, there are those who feel that it is simply another form of cognitive behaviorism, rather than radical behaviorism.
Cultural analysis has always been at the philosophical core of radical behaviorism from the early days (as seen in Skinner's "Walden Two", "Science & Human Behavior", "Beyond Freedom & Dignity", and "About Behaviorism").
There are several varieties of behaviorism but only Skinner’s radical behaviorism, has proposed to redesign society. The relevant principles were expounded at length two decades later in a best-seller "Beyond Freedom and Dignity" (1971).
Skinner called his approach to the study of behavior radical behaviorism. This philosophy of behavioral science assumes that behavior is a consequence of environmental histories of reinforcement, (see Applied behavior analysis). In contrast to the approach of cognitive science, behaviorism does not accept private events such as thinking, perceptions, and unobservable emotions as causes of an organism's behavior. However, in contrast to methodological behaviorism, Skinner's radical behaviorism did accept thoughts, emotions, and other "private events" as responses subject to the same rules as overt behavior. In his words:
Behaviorist Elliot A. Ludvig criticized Pinker's description of behaviorism and insights into behaviorist research.
Countercontrol is mentioned in "About Behaviorism". It is also mentioned in Skinner's "Technology of Teacher".
B. F. Skinner proposed radical behaviorism as the conceptual underpinning of the experimental analysis of behavior. This view differs from other approaches to behavioral research in various ways but, most notably here, it contrasts with methodological behaviorism in accepting feelings, states of mind and introspection as behaviors subject to scientific investigation. Like methodological behaviorism it rejects the reflex as a model of all behavior, and it defends the science of behavior as complementary to but independent of physiology. Radical behaviorism overlaps considerably with other western philosophical positions such as American pragmatism.