Synonyms for biaro or Related words with biaro
Examples of "biaro"
In 2007, Sitaro (Siau island, Tagulandang island and
island) became a new regency by dispart with Sangihe island.
Lambah is a village in the Agam Regency of West Sumatra, Indonesia. It is one of seven villages in the Ampek subdistrict. It borders Panampuang in the North,
Gadang and Kapau in the West,
Gadang and Koto Canduang Laweh in the South, and Tabek Long in the East. Its population is approximately 4,100.
Candi Bahal, also known as
", derived from "vihara", a monastery) or Candi Portibi (Batak "portibi", derived from prithivi, "earth") are a group of Vajrayana Buddhist candis complex located in Bahal village, Padang Bolak, Portibi, Padang Lawas Regency, North Sumatra, Indonesia. It is located about 3 hours journey with car from Padangsidempuan or 400 km from Medan. The complex includes three candis: Candi Bahal I, Candi Bahal II, and Candi Bahal III.
The Padang Lawas archaeological site is partly located in the regency. The site covers approximately 1,500 km², spreading the "kecamatan" (districts) of Portibi in the regency, Barumun and Barumun Tengah in the Padang Lawas Regency and Padangbolak in the South Tapanuli Regency. Hindu-Buddhist remains are found on the site, including structures called "
" (from Sanskrit "vihara", meaning "temple" or "monastery").
The main island is Siau, while further south (nearer Sulawesi) are Tagulandang and
. The new regency's area is 275,96 km² and the total population was 63,543 at the 2010 Census. Most of the population are fishers and farmers. The majority's of the population religion is Christianity and Catholicism, but there are also followers of Islam and Buddhism.
Bangka is located in the western Pacific Ocean, between the Celebes Sea (Indonesian: Laut Sulawesi) to the west and the Molucca Sea to the east. Bangka is southwest of
Island, separated by the Bangka Passage. Just west of Bangka are the islands of Kinabohutan, Talisei, Tindila and Gangga.
The main islands of the group are, north to south, Sangir Besar (or Sangir Island), Siau (or Siao), Tahulandang, and
. The largest island is Sangir Besar and contains an active volcano, Mount Awu (). Tahuna is the chief town and port, also hosting the islands' sole airport, Naha Airport.
Sitaro Islands Regency (, full name: "Kabupaten Kepulauan Siau Tagulandang
") is a regency located off the northern extremity of Sulawesi Island in the southern Sangihe Islands, North Sulawesi Province, Indonesia. The regency was formed under "Law Number 15 Year 2007" from 2 January 2007 (), by division of the Sangihe Islands Regency of which it had previously formed the southern part.
However, despite its economic, cultural and military prowess, Srivijaya left few archaeological remains in their heartlands in Sumatra, in contrast with Srivijayan episode in Central Java during the leadership of Sailendras that produced numerous monuments; such as the Kalasan, Sewu and Borobudur "mandala". The Buddhist temples dated from Srivijayan era in Sumatra are Muaro Jambi, Muara Takus and
Sumatra also home of several ancient Buddhist temples mosty linked to Srivijaya kingdom, such as Muaro Jambi in Jambi province, Muara Takus in Riau and
Bahal in North Sumatra. Sumatran temples however, are not as elaborated and as spectacular as its Javanese counterpart, and subsequently less popular. The location is rural, quite far from large cities, so renting car to visit these sites is advisable since public transportation to the location is scarce.
Other than Palembang, in Srivijayan realm of Sumatra, three archaeological sites are notable for their Buddhist temple density. They are Muaro Jambi by the bank of Batang Hari River in Jambi province; Muara Takus stupas in Kampar River valley of Riau province; and
Bahal temple compound in Barumun and Pannai river valleys, North Sumatra province. It is highly possible that these Buddhist sites served as "sangha" community; the monastic Buddhist learning centers of the region, which attracts students and scholars from all over Asia.
The Sangihe Islands (also spelled "Sangir", "Sanghir" or "Sangi") – – are a group of islands which constitute two regencies within the province of North Sulawesi, in northern Indonesia, the Sangihe Islands Regency ("Kabupaten Kepulauan Sangihe") and the Sitaro Islands Regency ("Kabupaten Siau Tagulandang
"). They are located north-east of Sulawesi between the Celebes Sea and the Molucca Sea, roughly halfway between Sulawesi and Mindanao, in the Philippines; the Sangihes form the eastern limit of the Celebes Sea. The islands combine to total , with many of the islands being actively volcanic with fertile soil and mountains.
The three temples of Bahal are separated by a distance of about 500 meter. The complex of the temple is known locally as "
" (from "vihara" or monastery), possibly indicating a clue to its original use. The names of three of the Bahal temples indicate connections with Nepal and Sri Lanka. Bahal is a term still used in Nepal to refer the two-storied temples of the Vajrayana, a major sect which influenced Buddhism in Indonesia. Rampant lions carved flanking the temple of
Bahal I was similar to carvings at Polonaruva, the 11th-century capital of Sri Lanka. The complex is the largest in North Sumatra. All three temples of Bahal were constructed of red bricks, while the sculptures were constructed of sand stones. Each temple are surrounded with a perimeter red brick wall about 1 meter thick and 1 meter tall. A gate on the eastern wall provide entrance gateway into the temple; the gate is extended outward with 60 cm tall walls in both sides. The main temple of each complexes is located in the center.
The history of the West Sumatra Province became more accessible at the time of the rule by Adityawarman. This ruler left considerable amount of evidence of himself, although he did not proclaim that he was the Minangkabau King. Adityawarman ruled Pagaruyung, a region believed by the Minangkabau to be the center of its culture. Adityawarman was the most important figure in Minangkabau history. Apart from introducing a government system by a ruling monarch, he also contributed significantly to the Minangkabau world. His most important contribution was the spread of Buddhism. This religion had a very strong influence in the Minangkabau life. The evidence of such influence found in West Sumatra today includes names such as Saruaso, Pariangan, Padang Barhalo, Candi,
, Sumpur and Selo.
Historians and archaeology experts tried to locate the kingdom mentioned in these historical sources. The similar-sounding names directing them into the estuarine of Panai River and also nearby Barumun River on the east coast of today North Sumatra province, facing Malacca Strait. In 1846 Franz Junghuhn, a geology expert under Commission of Dutch East Indies authority reported the discovery of temple compound in Padanglawas area, upstream of Barumun River. This vast and empty savanna-like area dotted with "
", a local name for temple, obviously derived from Sanskrit "vihara". These red brick structures — most of them are in ruins — was once the spiritual center of Pannai Kingdom. The most well-preserved temple within this Padanglawas temple compounds is Bahal temple.
Its existence as a distinct taxon was predicted by the hybrid biogeographic hypothesis for Sulawesi. The rationale was that a geographic discontinuity existed between the northern tip of Sulawesi, and the population of tarsiers on Sangihe Island (the Sangihe tarsier "Tarsius sangirensis"), approximately to the north. In between, lay very deep oceans and three island clusters,
, Tagulandang/Ruang, and Siau. Like Sangihe Island, itself, each of these three island clusters are a part of the Sangihe Island volcanic arc. Volcanic arcs, like the Galapagos and Hawaiian Island chains, feature islands that erupt from the ocean floor. In such circumstances, islands form independently, are colonized independently, and remain geographically isolated. These characteristics lead to high levels of endemism. The presence of tarsiers on the most distant island group in the Sangihe volcanic arc (i.e. Sangihe island), led to curiosity about the presence of tarsiers on the other islands in the chain. Each of the three island clusters mentioned above were surveyed for the presence of tarsiers in 2004 and 2005, but tarsiers were only observed on Siau.
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