Synonyms for burushaski or Related words with burushaski
Examples of "burushaski"
is an ergative language. It has five primary cases.
finite verb falls into the following categories:
is a predominantly spoken rather than written language. Occasionally the Urdu alphabet is used, but no fixed orthography exists. Adu Wazir Shafi wrote a book "
Razon" using a Latin script.
, there are four noun classes, similar to declensional classes in Indo-European languages, but unlike Indo-European, the nominal classes in
are associated with four grammatical "genders":
The others include Konkani, Kuchhi, Gujarati, Dawoodi Bohra, Memon, Brahui, Makrani, Khowar,
, Arabic, and Bengali.
The following table with its footnotes, except for
, is taken from Bengtson (2008).
is a double-marking language and word order is generally subject–object–verb.
An example of an inflectional morphological collocation is the plural form of nouns in
The evidence for Karasuk is mostly in the verbal and nominal morphology. For example, the second-person singular prefixes on intransitive verbs are in
and in Ket. Ket has two verbal declensions, one prefixed with "d-" and one with "b-", and
likewise has two, one prefixed with "d-" and one without such a marker. However, neither the
nor the Yeniseian verbal morphology has been rigorously analysed, and reviewers have found the evidence to be weak.
The category of "others" includes Dari, Gujarati, Dawoodi Bohra, Memon, Marwari, Brahui, Makrani, Hazara, Khowar,
, Arabic, Farsi and Bengali.
The Wakhi and
speaking minority ethnic groups have also been affected severely as a result of the disaster.
The primary languages of Yasin Valley are the (Khowar and
language). The Shina language is also spoken.
Kohwari, is the most widely spoken language. Other seven spoken languages are;
, Shina, Yidgha, Tajiki, Pashayi, Pashto, Yidgha, Gojri.
Nagar is home to two main ethnic groups – the
speakers and the Shina speakers. An older type of
is still spoken in the valley with a mild modern accent. A third language, Bedeski, is also still spoken in Chalt Nagar.
Retroflex phonemes are now found throughout the
, Nuristani, Dravidian and Munda families. They are reconstructed for Proto-
, Proto-Dravidian and (to a minimal extent) for Proto-Munda, and are thus clearly an areal feature of the Indian subcontinent. They are not reconstructible for either Proto-Indo-European or Proto-Indo-Iranian, and they are also not found in Mitanni–Indo-Aryan loanwords.
Following Berger (1956), the "American Heritage" dictionaries suggested that the word "*abel" ‘apple’, the only name for a fruit (tree) reconstructed for Proto-Indo-European, may have been borrowed from a language ancestral to
. ("Apple" and "apple tree" are "báalt" in modern
Tibetan sources record a "Bru-śa" language of the Gilgit valley, which appears to have been
, whose script was one of five scripts used to write the extinct Zhang-Zhung language. Although
may once have been a significant literary language, no "Bru-śa" manuscripts are known to have survived.
Small speaker populations of two language isolates (Nihali and
), which are not known to be rooted in any other language families, also exist in North India.
The five languages spoken in BarJungle are
, Khowar, Wakhi, Shina and Gujrati. The majority of the population can speak and understand the first three.
Other hypotheses posit a genealogical relationship between
and the North Caucasian languages, Kartvelian languages, Yeniseian languages and/or Indo-European languages, usually in proposed macrofamilies.
Copyright © 2017