Synonyms for canthium or Related words with canthium
Examples of "canthium"
Based on morphology, "Meyna" has been suggested as likely candidate for inclusion in "
" subgenus "
". In 2004, a molecular phylogenetic study showed that "Meyna tetraphylla" is related to "
" and the transfer to "
" was suggested.
angustifolium, with the common name narrow leaved
, is native to southern tropical Asia.
The larvae feed "
" species and "Psydrax obovata".
The larvae feed on "Olinia ventosa" and "
" was named by Jean-Baptiste Lamarck in 1785 in Encyclopédie Méthodique. The name is a latinisation of "kantankara", a Malayalam name from Kerala for "
coromandelicum". "Kantan" means "shining" and "kara" means "a spiny shrub". The biological type for the genus consists of specimens originally described by Jean-Baptiste Lamarck as "
parviflorum" but this species is now included in "
" is a member of Vanguerieae, a tribe that is monophyletic and easily recognized morphologically, but in which generic boundaries were, for a long time, very unclear. "
" was especially problematic, and until the 1980s, it was defined broadly and known to be polyphyletic. "Psydrax" was separated from it in 1985, as was "Keetia" in 1986. These were followed by "Pyrostria" and "Multidentia" in 1987. The subgenus "Afrocanthium" was raised to generic rank in 2004, followed by "Bullockia" in 2009. A few species were transferred to "
" from "Rytigynia" and other genera in 2004. The genus was further reduced by the transfer of species to "Peponidium" and "Pyrostria". In 2016, two "
" species endemic to the Philippines were transferred to a genus of their own, "Kanapia". The final circumscription of "
" will remain in doubt until phylogenetic studies achieve greater resolution for the clade containing "
coromandelicum" and its closest relatives.
In 2004, a molecular phylogenetic study of DNA sequences found the genus "
" to be polyphyletic. The authors of this study transferred 20 species, including "
keniense", to a new genus, "Afrocanthium".
The following plant species were named in his honour: "
gilfillanii", "Zygophyllum gilfillanii", "Europs gilfillanii".
The larvae feed on "
inerme", "Clerodendron glabrum" and "Ximenia caffra".
The larvae have been recorded on "Gardenia jasminoides", "
oleifolium", "Gardenia ovularis", "Gardenia ochreata", "Pavetta australiensis", "Medicago sativa" and "Citrus limon". Young larvae are pale green with a short black tail horn. Later, they become black, grey, or green, often with black lines across the back. They have a posterior horn shaped like a shallow S, and have white spiracles along each side outlined in red. The head colour varies from brown to green. Pupation takes place underground in a dark brown pupa.
Plectroniella is a monotypic genus of flowering plants in the Rubiaceae family. It was described by Walter Robyns in 1928. The genus contains only one species, i.e. "Plectroniella armata", which is found in southern Mozambique and northeastern South Africa. The species is characterized by the presence of large spines and is morphologically similar to "
". In 2004, a molecular phylogenetic study showed that "Plectroniella armata" is related to "
ciliatum" and the transfer of the genus to "
" was suggested.
"Afrocanthium" was first recognized as a distinct group in 1991, when it was named as a subgenus of "
". It was described and compared to the other subgenera in 1992. In 2004, a molecular phylogenetic study of DNA sequences showed that "Afrocanthium" is monophyletic and not most closely related to the other subgenera of "
". The authors of this study raised "Afrocanthium", unaltered, to generic status. It is sister to "Keetia", a genus that was segregated from "
" in 1986.
Larvae have mostly been recorded from Leguminosae ("Caesalpinia"), but also on Pisonia ("Nyctaginaceae"),
("Rubiaceae") and "Verbenaceae".
The larvae feed on jujube, "Zizyphus rugosa", "Lxora longifolia", "Clerodendrum siphomanthus", "C. inerme", "Allophylus cobbe", "Ixora chinensis" and "
inerme (Turkey-berry) is a tough, adaptable medium-sized tree from South Africa. It bears small edible fruits and has a variety of uses in traditional medicine.
The larvae feed on "
", "Coffea arabica", "Coffea liberica" and "Coffea robusta". They probably mine the leaves of their host plant.
is a genus of flowering plants in the Rubiaceae family. They are shrubs and small trees. The leaves are deciduous and the stems are usually thorny.
The genus is poorly studied, but the Australian species, "Dudgeonea actinias", tunnels in trunks of "
attenuatum" (Rubiaceae) and the pupa is extruded like many other internal feeders.
Coprosma quadrifida is a shrub of the Rubiaceae family native to southeastern Australia. First described as "
quadrifidum" by Labillardiere, it was given its current name by B. L. Robinson in 1910.
Kanapia is a genus of flowering plants in the Rubiaceae family. The genus is endemic to the Philippines. It was described when two former "
" species were transferred to this new genus.
Larva greenish with dark dorsal stria. Somites 4 to 11 with dark specks and a sub-lateral series of smiliar specks present. Legs and tow dorsal prominences on 11th segment dark. Larva feeds on "Caesalpinia", "
", "Cissampelos", "Macadamia" plants.
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