Synonyms for cixiidae or Related words with cixiidae
Examples of "cixiidae"
Cixiini is a planthopper tribe in the family
. This tribe is non-monophyletic.
The fossil record of
is limited, and a number of taxa which have placed into the family may need to be reexamined and moved to different families. The oldest confirmed taxa are from the Early Cretaceous with "‘Cixius’ petrinus" described from Barremian deposits in England, "Karebodopoides aptianus" from Hauterivian to Aptian Lebanese amber and "Cretofennahia cretacea" plus an unnamed specimen from the Aptian of Brazil. Due to the abundant nature of
as inclusions in Eocene Baltic amber a number of taxa have been described, including "Glisachaemus jonasdamzeni" and "Autrimpus sambiorum". Several taxa have also been described from Miocene Dominican amber including "Oligocixia electrina" and "Oliarius kulickae".
are a family of fulgoroid insects, one of many families commonly known as planthoppers, distributed worldwide and comprising more than 2,000 species from over 150 genera. The genera are placed into three subfamilies, Borystheninae, Bothriocerinae and Cixiinae with sixteen tribes currently accepted in Cixiinae.
Glisachaemus is an extinct monotypic genus of planthopper in the
subfamily Cixiinae and at present, it contains the single species "Glisachaemus jonasdamzeni". The genus is solely known from the Early Eocene Baltic amber deposits in the Baltic Sea region of Europe.
Cixiinae is a planthopper subfamily in the family
. It is one of three such subfamilies, the other two being the Bothriocerinae and the Borystheninae. While a few species had been tested in a larger study of the Fulgoroidea, neither the Cixiinae nor its tribes were analysed cladistically until 2002. Resolution of tribal relationships is incomplete and additional testing of the tribes with samples larger than one per tribe is needed.
Around this time, during the Late Triassic, mycetophagous, or fungus feeding species of beetle (i.e., Cupedidae) appear in the fossil record. In the stages of the Upper Triassic representatives of the algophagous, or algae feeding species (i.e., Triaplidae and Hydrophilidae) begin to appear, as well as predatory water beetles. The first primitive weevils appear (i.e., Obrienidae), as well as the first representatives of the rove beetles (i.e., Staphylinidae), which show no marked difference in physique compared to recent species. This was also around the first time evidence of diverse freshwater insect fauna appeared. Some of the oldest living families also appear around during the Triassic, including from Hemiptera: Cercopidae, Cicadellidae,
, and Membracidae; from Coleoptera: Carabidae, Staphylinidae, and Trachypachidae; from Hymenoptera: Xyelidae; From Diptera: Anisopodidae, Chironomidae, and Tipulidae. The first flies (Diptera), Hymenoptera, and true dragonflies (Odonata), Heteroptera, and Thysanoptera. The first true species of Diptera are known from the Middle Triassic, becoming widespread during the Middle and Late Triassic . A single large wing from a species of Diptera in the Triassic (10 mm instead of usual 2–6 mm) was found in Australia (Mt. Crosby). This family Tilliardipteridae, despite of the numerous 'tipuloid' features, should be included in Psychodomorpha sensu Hennig on account of loss of the convex distal 1A reaching wing margin and formation of the anal loop.
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