Synonyms for cognitivist or Related words with cognitivist
Examples of "cognitivist"
In addition to the theories of moral realism, moral universalism includes other
moral theories, such as the subjectivist ideal observer theory and divine command theory, and also the non-
moral theory of universal prescriptivism.
Psychological movements are considered to be post-
if they are opposed to or move beyond the
theories posited by Noam Chomsky, Jerry Fodor, David Marr, and others.
According to Fodor, a module falls somewhere between the behaviorist and
views of lower-level processes.
Visions of what researchers in the field seek to achieve vary. When pursuing a
perspective, researchers of HCI may seek to align computer interfaces with the mental model that humans have of their activities. When pursuing a post-
perspective, researchers of HCI may seek to align computer interfaces with existing social practices or existing sociocultural values.
Novak's work is based on the assimilation theory of
David Ausubel, who stressed the importance of prior knowledge in being able to learn new concepts.
Important thought in this area includes most notably: John Searle's Chinese Room, Hubert Dreyfus' non-
critique, as well as Hilary Putnam's work on Functionalism.
In philosophy, Ryle's regress is a classic argument against
theories, and concludes that such theories are essentially meaningless as they do not explain what they purport to.
Chafe is a
; he considers semantics to be a basic component of language. He is a critic of Noam Chomsky's generative linguistics.
They criticize the Picardian approach for its
notion of emotion that they also describe as an "information model" of emotion:
Beginning in the late 1960s, he pioneered conceptual dependency theory (within the context of natural language understanding) and case-based reasoning, both of which challenged
views of memory and reasoning.
Schank was a leading pioneer of artificial intelligence and cognitive psychology in the 1970s and 1980s. His innovations in these fields were conceptual dependency theory and case-based reasoning, both of which challenged
views of memory and reasoning.
psychology comprises varieties of psychology that have emerged since the 1990s, challenging the basic assumptions of cognitivism and information processing models of cognition. Important predecessors of these movements include critical psychology and humanistic psychology.
A behaviorist uses feedback (reinforcement) to change the behavior in the desired direction, while the
uses the feedback for guiding and supporting the accurate mental connections (Thomson, Simon son. & Hargrave, 1992).
According to some non-
points of view, these sentences simply assume the false premise that ethical statements are either true or false. They might be literally translated as:
Anderson, Reder and Simon (1996) summarized what they considered to be the four claims of situated learning and argued against each claim from a
perspective. The claims and their arguments were:
If one presupposes a
interpretation of moral sentences, morality is justified by the moralist's knowledge of moral facts, and the theories to justify moral judgements are epistemological theories.
When Rosalind Picard coined the term 'affective computing', she outlined a
research program whose goal it is to " ... give computers the ability to recognize, express, and in some cases, 'have' emotions".
A range of researchers have criticized this research program and outlined a post-
, "interactional" perspective which, as Kirsten Boehner and collaborators suggest, " ... take[s] emotion as a social and cultural product experienced through our interactions".
In his later work (such as, for example, "The Ecological Approach to Visual Perception" (1979)), Gibson became more philosophical and criticised cognitivism in the same way he had attacked behaviorism before. Gibson argued strongly in favour of direct perception and direct realism (as pioneered by the Scottish philosopher Thomas Reid), as opposed to
indirect realism. He termed his new approach ecological psychology. He also rejected the information processing view of cognition. Gibson is increasingly influential on many contemporary movements in psychology, particularly those considered to be post-
Ethical cognitivists hold that ethical sentences "do" express propositions: that it can be true or false, for example, that Mary is a good person, or that stealing and lying are always wrong. Cognitivists believe that these sentences do not just express feelings, as though we were saying, "Hey!" or "Yay for Mary!"; they actually express propositions that can be true or false. Derivatively, a
or a realist would say that ethical sentences themselves are either true or false. Conversely, if one believes that sentences like "Mary is a good person" cannot be either true or false, then one is a non-
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