Synonyms for dejerine or Related words with dejerine
Examples of "dejerine"
His name is associated with the "Landouzy-
syndrome", a type of muscular dystrophy with atrophic changes to the facial muscles and scapulo-humeral region. It is named along with neurologist Joseph Jules
, who was a colleague and close friend. Landouzy was a witness at the wedding of
to Augusta Marie Klumpke (1859–1927) in 1888.
The term was originally coined by Joseph Jules
and André Thomas.
He studied medicine in Paris, and worked in the laboratories at the Hospice de Bicêtre and the Salpêtrière. In 1894 he received his doctorate in medicine. In Paris, he was an assistant to neurologist Joseph Jules
, with whom he collaborated on a number of studies, the best known being the eponymous "
-Sottas syndrome". The following are a list of various medical papers published by
(3 August 1849 – 26 February 1917), was a French neurologist.
–Sottas disease, also known as
–Sottas neuropathy, progressive hypertrophic interstitial polyneuropathy of childhood and onion bulb neuropathy (and, "hereditary motor and sensory polyneuropathy type III" and "Charcot–Marie–Tooth disease type 3"), is a hereditary neurological disorder characterised by damage to the peripheral nerves and resulting progressive muscle wasting. The condition is caused by mutations in a various genes and currently has no known cure.
The disorder is named for Joseph Jules
and Jules Sottas, French neurologists who first described it.
–Roussy syndrome has also been referred to as: "Posterior Thalamic Syndrome", "Retrolenticular Syndrome", "Thalamic Hyperesthetic Anesthesia", "Thalamic Pain Syndrome", "Thalamic Syndrome", "Central Pain Syndrome", and "Central Post-Stroke Syndrome". This condition is not associated with Roussy–Lévy syndrome or
–Sottas disease, both of which are genetic disorders.
In 1906, Joseph Jules
and Gustave Roussy provided descriptions of central post-stroke pain (CPSP) in their paper entitled: "Le syndrome thalamique". The name
–Roussy syndrome was coined after their deaths. The syndrome included "…severe, persistent, paroxysmal, often intolerable, pains on the hemiplegic side, not yielding to any analgesic treatment".
Vogt married the French neurologist Cécile Vogt-Mugnier. They met in Paris in 1897 while he was there working with Joseph Jules
and his wife, Augusta Marie
-Klumke, who collaborated with him. Because of their similar scholarly interests, the Vogts collaborated for a long period, usually with Cécile as the primary author.
Pure alexia is also known as: "alexia without agraphia", "letter-by-letter dyslexia", "spelling dyslexia", or "word-form dyslexia". Another name for it is "
syndrome", after Joseph Jules
, who described it in 1892; however, when using this name, it should not be confused with medial medullary syndrome which shares the same eponym.
Of the millions experiencing strokes worldwide, over 30,000 in the United States alone have developed some form of
–Roussy syndrome. 8% of all stroke patients will experience central pain syndrome, with 5% experiencing moderate to severe pain. The risk of developing
–Roussy syndrome is higher in older stroke patients, about 11% of stroke patients over the age of 80.
Jules Tinel was born in 1879 into a family with a five generation history of medical professionals. He studied in Rouen before moving to Paris. He became "externe des hôpitaux" in 1901 and "interne" in 1906. He studied under Charles Emile Troisier, Joseph Jules
, Louis Théophile Joseph Landouzy and Arnold Netter, and was inspired to study neurology by
. He received his M.D. in 1910 with a thesis on "nerve involvement of tabes" which came from work done with
, Landouzy and Laennec. He became chef de clinique in 1911 and chief of the laboratory at the Pitié-Salpêtrière Hospital in 1913.
-Roussy is a rare pain syndrome. Individuals with emerging
–Roussy syndrome usually report they are experiencing unusual pain or sensitivity that can be allodynic in nature or triggered by seemingly unrelated stimuli (sounds, tastes). Symptoms are typically lateralized and may include vision loss or loss of balance (position sense). Workup should be performed by a neurologist and brain imaging to look for evidence of infarction or tumor should be obtained.
Pain associated with
–Roussy syndrome is sometimes coupled with anosognosia or somatoparaphrenia which causes a patient having undergone a right-parietal, or right-sided stroke to deny any paralysis of the left side when indeed there is, or deny the paralyzed limb(s) belong to them. Although debatable, these symptoms are rare and considered part of a "thalamic phenomenon", and are not normally considered a characteristic of
in 1892 described specific symptoms resulting from a lesion to the corpus callosum that caused alexia without agraphia. The patient had a lesion in the left occipital lobe, blocking sight in the right visual field (hemianopia), and in the splenium of the corpus callosum.
interpreted this case as a disconnection of the speech area in the left hemisphere from the right visual cortex.
Recently, magnetic resonance imaging has been utilized to correlate lesion size and location with area affected and severity of condition. Although preliminary, these findings hold promise for an objective way to understand and treat patients with
Théophile Alajouanine was born in Verneix, Allier. He was a student of Joseph Jules
and a colleague of Georges Guillain and Charles Foix. He was a prolific writer on many topics but was particularly interested in aphasia.
He studied medicine under Magnus Blix (1849-1904) in Sweden and with Joseph Jules
(1849-1917) in Paris. He received his doctorate in 1896, and later served as a professor of practical medicine in Uppsala and Lund.
FSHD was first described in 1884 by French physicians Louis Landouzy and Joseph
. In their paper of 1886, Landouzy and
drew attention to the familial nature of the disorder and mentioned that four generations were affected in the kindred that they had investigated. Formal definition of FSHD's clinical features didn't occur until 1952 when a large Utah family with FSHD was studied. Beginning about 1980 an increasing interest in FSHD led to increased understanding of the great variability in the disease and a growing understanding of the genetic and pathophysiological complexities. By the late 1990s, researchers were finally beginning to understand the regions of Chromosome 4 associated with FSHD.
married his student, Augusta Marie Klumpke, who had studied medicine in Paris and in 1887 had been the first woman to become "interne des hôpitaux".
died in 1917 of uremia at the age of 68 years, physically debilitated by the stress of work in a military hospital during the World War I. The centenary of his birth was commemorated in 1949 at the fourth International Neurological Congress in Paris, when Dejerine's pupil, André Thomas, gave a discourse on his mentor's life and achievements.
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