Synonyms for deningeri or Related words with deningeri

spelaeus              etruscus              deinotherium              spelaea              palaeotragus              fossilis              hyaenodon              doedicurus              sivalensis              sivatherium              antiquus              ursus              mammuthus              palaeoloxodon              cervalces              zdanskyi              primaevus              europasaurus              arctos              prolagus              lunensis              elasmotherium              rossicus              sinhaleyus              thylacinus              balcanicus              coelodonta              bartelsi              panthera              moeritherium              chalicotherium              noasaurus              graciliceratops              anancus              gomphotherium              archaeobelodon              andrewsi              crocuta              osmolskae              tanneri              majori              pliopithecus              dryopithecus              dolinensis              saurophaganax              hylonomus              platybelodon              sardus              sarcosuchus              nyctereutes             



Examples of "deningeri"
"U. deningeri" is a descendant of "U. savini" and an ancestor of "U. spelaeus".
In 2013, a German team reconstructed the mitochondrial genome of an "Ursus deningeri" more than 300,000 years old, proving that authentic ancient DNA can be preserved for hundreds of thousand years outside of permafrost.
Ursus deningeri (Deninger's bear) is an extinct species of mammal of the family Ursidae (bears), endemic to Eurasia during the Pleistocene for approximately , from ~1.8 Mya to 100,000 years ago.
The Buru honeyeater ("Lichmera deningeri") is a species of bird in the honeyeater family. It is endemic to Indonesia. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical moist montane forests.
In 2013, a German team reconstructed the mitochondrial genome of an "Ursus deningeri" more than 300,000 years old, proving that authentic ancient DNA can be preserved for hundreds of thousand years outside of permafrost.
632 bones from large mammals remain from the fossil assemblage discovered at Mladeč. The large mammal remains at Mladeč come primarily from bovids (primarily steppe bison, but a few from aurochs), bears (primarily "Ursus deningeri", but a few from "Ursus spelaeus"), reindeer, horses and wolves.
"Ursus deningeri" has a combination of primitive and derived characters that distinguishes it from all other Pleistocene bears. Its mandible is slender like that of living brown bears and "Ursus etruscus". It also has derived characters of cave bears ("Ursus spelaeus") and is considered to be the descendant of "Ursus savini" and very close to the common ancestor of brown bears.
The people of the cave ate elk, fallow deer, reindeer, musk ox, bison, "Hemitragus bonali" (bonal tahr), argali, chamois and "Stephanorhinus kirchbergensis." Bones of "Cervus elaphus acoronatus" and "Cervus elaphoids", two species of deer, "Canis etruscus" (wolf), and "Ursus deningeri", were the most found animal remains in reducing order of number of findings by percentage in the interglacial stage, in the glacial stage the most were "Equus mosbachensis" (horse), and "Ovis ammon antiqua" (non-extant mouflon), (plus "C. e. acoronatus"), and additionally remains of "Hemitragus bosali".
Beginning in 1992, a Spanish team has located more than 5,500 human bones dated to an age of at least 350,000 years in the Sima de los Huesos site in the Sierra de Atapuerca in northern Spain. The pit contains fossils of perhaps 32 individuals together with remains of "Ursus deningeri" and other carnivores and a biface nicknamed "Excalibur". It is hypothesized that this Acheulean axe made of red quartzite was some kind of ritual offering for a funeral. If it is so, it would be the oldest evidence of known of funerary practices. Ninety percent of the known "H. heidelbergensis" remains have been obtained from this site. The fossil pit bones include:
Since 1997 the excavators have located more than 5,500 human skeletal remains deposited during the Middle Pleistocene period, at least 350,000 years old, which represent 28 individuals of "Homo heidelbergensis". Associated finds include "Ursus deningeri" fossils and a hand axe called "Excalibur". Having received a surprisingly high degree of attention a number of experts support the hypothesis that this particular Acheulean tool made of red quartzite implies to have served as a ritual offering, most likely for a funeral. The idea sparked a renewal of the disputed evolutionary progress and the stages of human cognitive, intellectual and conceptual development. Ninety percent of the known "Homo heidelbergensis" fossil record have been obtained at the site. The fossil bone pit includes:
Both the cave bear and the brown bear are thought to be descended from the Plio-Pleistocene Etruscan bear ("Ursus etruscus") that lived about 5.3 Mya to 10,000 years ago. The last common ancestor of cave bears and brown bears lived between 1.2 and 1.4 Mya. The immediate precursor of the cave bear was probably "Ursus deningeri" (Deninger's bear), a species restricted to Pleistocene Europe about 1.8 Mya to 100,000 years ago. The transition between Deninger's bear and the cave bear is given as the last interglacial, although the boundary between these forms is arbitrary, and intermediate or transitional taxa have been proposed, e.g. "Ursus spelaeus deningeroides", while other authorities consider both taxa to be chronological variants of the same species.
At this place extensive excavations were made by paleonthologist Rudolf Musil and his colleagues in 1956-1968 which yielded rich paleothological material, including Homotherium moravicum teeth and approximately 1600 bones and bone fragments of birds from 23 families, 51 genera and 68 species. Earlier (1943) were Ursus deningeri discovered, an later rich spectrum of coastal animal fossils such as ostracods, bivalves and fishes. The other terrestrial fossil animals are represented mostly of snakes. The site is unique in that it has been a particularly abundant source of prehistoric artifacts (especially stone tools) dating from the Acheulean period, ower Baradostian to Neolitics and Eneolitics, which spanned roughly 27,000 to 20,000 B.C. In addition to the abundance of various stone tools were discovered also fireplaces (the older one 250.000 BP).4
However it was not until 2013 that a specimen with retrievable DNA was found, in a ~400,000 year old femur found in the Sima de los Huesos Cave in Spain. The femur was found to contain both mtDNA and nuclear DNA. Improvements in DNA extraction and library preparation techniques allowed for mtDNA to be successfully isolated and sequenced, however the nuclear DNA was found to be too degraded in the observed specimen, and was also contaminated with DNA from an ancient cave bear ("Ursus deningeri") present in the cave. The mtDNA analysis found a surprising link between the specimen and the Denisovans, and this finding raised many questions. Several scenarios were proposed in a January 2014 paper titled "A mitochondrial genome sequence of a hominin from Sima de los Huesos", elucidating the lack of convergence in the scientific community on how "Homo heidelbergensis" is related to other known hominin groups. One plausible scenario that the authors proposed was that the "H. heidelbergensis" was an ancestor to both Denisovans and Neanderthals. Completely sequenced nuclear genomes from both Denisovans and Neanderthals suggest a common ancestor approximately 700,000 years ago, and one leading researcher in the field, Svante Paabo, suggests that perhaps this new hominin group is that early ancestor.
The existence of paleontological and archaeological findings point towards the use of the cave as a human and an animal habitat, alternatively. The finds include bones of herbivore and carnivore mammals, marine and freshwater molluscs, microfauna as well as artifacts like potsherds, knives on flint, oldowans, choppers and hammerstones on quartzite, as well as manuports. The wide variety of prehistoric faunal specimens belong to bones of herbivore mammals such as cave bears ("Ursus deningeri"), horses ("Equus caballus"), wild boars ("Sus scrofa"), fallow deer ("Dama dama"), roe deer ("Capreolus capreolus"), deer ("Megaloceros"), cattle ("Bos"/"Bison"), antilopes ("Gazella"), goats ("Capra"), and carnivores such as wolves and dogs ("Canis"), foxes ("Vulpes"), tigers ("Panthera"), cats ("Felis") and hyenas ("Crocuta"). Findings of "more than 5000 fossil bones and teeth of cave and brown bears", which provide some chronological indicators, led to their extensive scientific study. Another subject of such extensive study were the fossils of several species of Middle Pleistocene bats (Chiroptera), including horseshoe bats ("Rhinolophus"), mouse-eared bats ("Myotis"), long-eared bats ("Plecotus") and bent-winged bats ("Miniopterus").
Of the 178 recorded species of birds, 10 are endemic to Buru and nearby islands: Buru racket-tail ("Prioniturus mada"), black-lored parrot ("Tanygnathus gramineus"), blue-fronted lorikeet ("Charmosyna toxopei"), Buru honeyeater ("Lichmera deningeri"), Buru cuckooshrike ("Coracina fortis"), streaky-breasted jungle-flycatcher ("Rhinomyias addita"), madanga ("Madanga ruficollis"), Buru white-eye ("Zosterops buruensis"), tawny-backed fantail ("Rhipidura superflua") and black-tipped monarch ("Monarcha loricatus"). Among those, the rufous-throated white-eye is regarded as endangered and the black-lored parrot and vulnerable (threatened) by the International Union for Conservation of Nature; both species were observed only in very limited areas of Buru island. There are another 19 birds that are near-endemic to Buru: rufous-necked sparrowhawk ("Accipiter erythrauchen"), dusky megapode ("Megapodius forstenii"), Moluccan megapode ("Megapodius wallacei"), white-eyed imperial pigeon ("Ducula perspicillata"), long-tailed mountain pigeon ("Gymnophaps mada"), red lory ("Eos bornea"), Moluccan hawk-owl ("Ninox squamipila"), Moluccan masked owl ("Tyto sororcula"), Wakolo myzomela ("Myzomela wakoloensis"), black-faced friarbird ("Philemon moluccensis"), drab whistler ("Pachycephala griseonota"), white-naped monarch ("Monarcha pileatus"), dark-grey flycatcher ("Myiagra galeata"), black-eared oriole ("Oriolus bouroensis"), pale cicadabird ("Coracina ceramensis"), Buru thrush ("Zoothera dumasi"), cinnamon-chested flycatcher ("Ficedula buruensis"), chestnut-backed bush-warbler ("Bradypterus castaneus") and flame-breasted flowerpecker ("Dicaeum erythrothorax"). Among butterflies, 25% of the Pieridae and 7% of the Papilionidae found on Buru are endemic to the island.