Synonyms for donnatal or Related words with donnatal
Examples of "donnatal"
Recent clinical trials showed that
was no more effective than plain antacid in relieving the symptoms of dyspepsia. However, the active ingredients in
® have been shown to be more effective than placebo in treating moderately severe symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome.
is a proprietary combination medication for the treatment of intestinal cramping due to various causes, often administered as part of a GI cocktail. It is classed as an anticholinergic antispasmodic drug.
is marketed by PBM Pharmaceuticals. It is available as tablets, capsules, extended release tablets and elixir. Active ingredients are listed as: phenobarbital, atropine and scopolamine. The latter two ingredients are found in plants of the Solanaceae family.
It is also a common component of a GI cocktail used in emergency rooms. In 1976,
was one of the 25 most widely prescribed drugs in the U.S. It has since been displaced by H2 antagonists and proton pump inhibitors, which are more effective and lack many of the adverse effects of phenobarbital.
In past decades, doctors recommended treating colicky babies with sedative medications (e.g. phenobarbital, Valium, alcohol), analgesics (e.g. opium) or anti-spasm drugs (e.g. scopolamine,
, dicyclomine), but all of these are no longer recommended because of potential serious side-effects, including death.
There is a wide variety of GI cocktail recipes in use today. A very popular one is a mixture of Maalox, viscous lidocaine, and
, in equal parts. A mixture of 10-30 ml Mylanta, 10 ml
and 10 ml viscous lidocaine is known as "The Green Goddess," or "Green Lizard." The efficacy of this mixture for the treatment of dyspepsia is generally considered superior to treatment with only any one of its components, due to their varied mechanisms of relief; however, a recent study found that a GI cocktail was no more effective in relieving stomach pain than an antacid alone. The treatment may also provide relief for hiatal hernia patients suffering acute symptoms.
Butabarbital is also sold in combination with belladonna alkaloids under the brand name Butibel. The belladonna is added for antispasmodic effect. This product contains a low dose of butabarbital combined with a standardised mix of belladonna alkaloids and is used as an antispasmodic taken to relieve cramping and spasms of the stomach and intestines. They are used also to decrease the amount of acid formed in the stomach. Another similar product is
, which contains belladonna alkaloids combined with phenobarbital.
Scopolamine can be taken by mouth, subcutaneously, ophthalmically and intravenously, as well as via a transdermal patch. The transdermal patch ("e.g.," Transderm Scōp) for prevention of nausea and motion sickness employs scopolamine base, and is effective for up to three days. The oral, ophthalmic, and intravenous forms have shorter half-lives and are usually found in the form scopolamine hydrobromide (for example in Scopace, soluble 0.4 mg tablets or
In January the company completed a five-year exclusive distribution deal with Lachlan Pharma Holdings to distribute Ulesfia United States. In March, the company entered into a definitive agreement to acquire the irritable bowel syndrome drug,
, from Revive Pharmaceuticals for $200 million and 4,605,833 common shares of company stock. The deal was completed in May. In September the company entered into its first collaboration with Orphan Canada. In the same month the company announced it would acquire Zonegran in the United States and Puerto Rico, for $90 million.
Scientific evidence to recommend the use of "A. belladonna" in its natural form for any condition is insufficient, although some of its components, in particular "l"-atropine, which was purified from belladonna in the 1830s, have accepted medical uses.
is a prescription pharmaceutical, approved in the United States by the FDA, that combines natural belladonna alkaloids in a specific, fixed ratio with phenobarbital to provide peripheral anticholinergic/antispasmodic action and mild sedation. According to its labeling, it is possibly effective for use as adjunctive therapy in the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome (irritable colon, spastic colon, mucous colitis) and acute enterocolitis.
The Orange Book identifies drug products approved on the basis of safety and effectiveness by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. The publication does not include drugs on the market approved only on the basis of safety (covered by the ongoing Drug Efficacy Study Implementation [DESI] review ["e.g.,"
Tablets and Librax Capsules] or pre-1938 drugs ["e.g.," Phenobarbital Tablets]). The main criterion for the inclusion of any product is that the product is the subject of an application with an effective approval that has not been withdrawn for safety or efficacy reasons. Inclusion of products on the List is independent of any current regulatory action through administrative or judicial means against a drug product.
Medical therapy for nutcracker esophagus includes the use of calcium-channel blockers, which relax the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) and palliate the dysphagia symptoms. Diltiazem, a calcium-channel blocker, has been used in randomized control studies with good effect. Nitrate medications, including isosorbide dinitrate, given before meals, may also help relax the LES and improve symptoms. The inexpensive generic combination of belladonna and phenobarbital (
and other brands) may be taken three times daily as a tablet to prevent attacks or, for patients with only occasional episodes, as an elixir at the onset of symptoms. Phosphodiesterase inhibitors, such as sildenafil, can be given to reduce symptoms, particularly pain, but small trials have not been able to demonstrate clinical improvement. Finally, trazodone, an antidepressant that reduces visceral sensitivity, has also been shown to reduce chest pain symptoms in patients with nutcracker esophagus.
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