Synonyms for dysphagia or Related words with dysphagia
Examples of "dysphagia"
is classified by the deficit area such as oral, pharyngeal, oropharyngeal and esophageal
. In some patients, no organic cause for
can be found, and these patients are defined as having functional
caused by a similar mechanism is referred to as
aortica, or, in the case of subclavian artery aberrancy, as
David Bayford called it
lusoria; because in Latin, "lusus naturæ" means "sports of nature" or "natural anomaly". Bayford-Autenrieth
is eponym for Bayford and Autenrieth.
Following table enumerates possible causes of
due to an aberrant right subclavian artery is termed
lusoria. Palsy of the recurrent laryngeal nerve is termed Ortner's syndrome.
Abnormalities of the pharynx and/or oral cavity may lead to oropharyngeal
. Abnormalities of the esophagus may lead to esophageal
If there is
to both solids and liquids, then it is most likely a motility problem. If there is
initially to solids but progresses to also involve liquids, then it is most likely a mechanical obstruction. Once a distinction has been made between a motility problem and a mechanical obstruction, it is important to note whether the
is intermittent or progressive. An intermittent motility
likely can be diffuse esophageal spasm (DES) or nonspecific esophageal motility disorder (NEMD). Progressive motility
disorders include scleroderma or achalasia with chronic heartburn, regurgitation, respiratory problems, or weight loss. Intermittent mechanical
is likely to be an esophageal ring. Progressive mechanical
is most likely due to peptic stricture or esophageal cancer.
Its main symptoms are pain and difficulty in swallowing (
Rare causes of esophageal
not mentioned above
is classified into the following major types:
Thickening agents can also be used when a medical condition such as
causes difficulty in swallowing. Thickened liquids play a vital role in reducing risk of aspiration for
lusoria (or Bayford-Autenrieth
) is abnormal condition characterized by difficulty in swallowing caused by aberrant right subclavian artery. It was discovered by David Bayford in 1761 and first reported in a paper by the same in 1787.
She is a past president of the
Research Society, and has served on the editorial boards of several industry publications, including the "American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology", "
Journal" and the "Journal of Medical Speech-Language Pathology".
is a symptom of many different causes, which can usually be elicited through a careful history by the treating physician. A formal oropharyngeal
evaluation is performed by a medical speech pathologist or occupational therapist.
is a form of
where the underlying cause arises from the body of the esophagus, lower esophageal sphincter, or cardia of the stomach, usually due to mechanical causes or motility problems.
is a progressive condition in patients with inclusion body myositis and often leads to death from aspiration pneumonia.
is present in from 40 to 85% of IBM cases.
could be for solid only or for solid and liquid.
may include aspiration, pneumonia, dehydration, and weight loss.
is due to obstruction such as Esophageal Cancer, Esophageal web, or Stricture.
Some patients have limited awareness of their
, so lack of the symptom does not exclude an underlying disease. When
goes undiagnosed or untreated, patients are at a high risk of pulmonary aspiration and subsequent aspiration pneumonia secondary to food or liquids going the wrong way into the lungs. Some people present with "silent aspiration" and do not cough or show outward signs of aspiration. Undiagnosed
can also result in dehydration, malnutrition, and renal failure.
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