Synonyms for dysthymia or Related words with dysthymia
Examples of "dysthymia"
There are no known biological causes that apply consistently to all cases of
, which suggests diverse origin of the disorder. However, there are some indications that there is a genetic predisposition to
: "The rate of depression in the families of people with
is as high as fifty percent for the early-onset form of the disorder". Other factors linked with
include stress, social isolation, and lack of social support.
can be contrasted with major depressive disorder by assessing the acute nature of the symptoms.
is far more chronic (long lasting) than major depressive disorder, in which symptoms may be present for as little as 2 weeks. Also
often presents itself at an earlier age than Major Depressive Disorder.
There is evidence that there may be neurological indicators of early onset
. There are several brain structures (corpus callosum and frontal lobe) that are different in women with
than in those without
. This may indicate that there is a developmental difference between these two groups.
Depression and other mood disorders (major depression, bipolar disorder,
Rosen was born in Brooklyn, New York. He suffered from
for a number of years.
"At least three-quarters of patients with
also have a chronic physical illness or another psychiatric disorder such as one of the anxiety disorders, cyclothymia, drug addiction, or alcoholism". Common co-occurring conditions include major depression (up to 75%), anxiety disorders (up to 50%), personality disorders (up to 40%), somatoform disorders (up to 45%) and substance abuse (up to 50%). People with
have a higher-than-average chance of developing major depression. A 10-year follow-up study was found that 95% of
patients had an episode of major depression. When an intense episode of depression occurs on top of
, the state is called "double depression."
A study comparing healthy individuals to people with
indicates there are other biological indicators of the disorder. An anticipated result appeared as healthy individuals expected fewer negative adjectives to apply to them, whereas people with
expected fewer positive adjectives to apply to them in the future. Biologically these groups are also differentiated in that healthy individuals showed greater neurological anticipation for all types of events (positive, neutral, or negative) than those with
. This provides neurological evidence of the dulling of emotion that individuals with
have learned to use to protect themselves from overly strong negative feelings, compared to healthy people.
Tentative evidence supports the use of amisulpride to treat
but with increased side effects.
In 1844 he introduced the term "
mutabilis" to describe a disorder that is an alternation of "
atra" (black depression) and "
candida" (low-level mania). He was part of the somatic school who held that insanity is a symptom of biological diseases located outside the brain, particularly diseases of the abdominal and thoracic viscera, akin to the delirium caused by many acute biological illnesses.
has a number of typical characteristics: low energy and drive, low self-esteem, and a low capacity for pleasure in everyday life. Mild degrees of
may result in people withdrawing from stress and avoiding opportunities for failure. In more severe cases of
, people may even withdraw from daily activities. They will usually find little pleasure in usual activities and pastimes. Diagnosis of
can be difficult because of the subtle nature of the symptoms and patients can often hide them in social situations, making it challenging for others to detect symptoms. Additionally,
often occurs at the same time as other psychological disorders, which adds a level of complexity in determining the presence of
, particularly because there is often an overlap in the symptoms of disorders. There is a high incidence of comorbid illness in those with
. Suicidal behavior is also a particular problem with persons with
. It is vital to look for signs of major depression, panic disorder, generalised anxiety disorder, alcohol and substance misuse and personality disorder.
is a species of beetle in the family Cerambycidae. It was described by Martins in 1970.
often co-occurs with other mental disorders. A "double depression" is the occurrence of episodes of major depression in addition to
. Switching between periods of dysthymic moods and periods of hypomanic moods is indicative of cyclothymia, which is a mild variant of bipolar disorder.
Early onset (diagnosis before age 21) is associated with more frequent relapses, psychiatric hospitalizations, and more co-occurring conditions. For younger adults with
, there is a higher co-occurrence in personality abnormalities and the symptoms are likely chronic. However, in older adults suffering from
, the psychological symptoms are associated with medical conditions and/or stressful life events and losses.
There is some evidence of a genetic basis for all types of depression, including
. A study using identical and fraternal twins indicated that there is a stronger likelihood of identical twins both having depression than fraternal twins. This provides support for the idea that
is caused in part by heredity.
According to the fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, published in 1994 (DSM-IV),
is a serious state of chronic depression, which persists for at least two years (one year for children and adolescents).
is less acute and severe than major depressive disorder. As
is a chronic disorder, sufferers may experience symptoms for many years before it is diagnosed, if diagnosis occurs at all. As a result, they may believe that depression is a part of their character, so they may not even discuss their symptoms with doctors, family members, or friends.
Emptiness as a human condition is a sense of generalized boredom, social alienation and apathy. Feelings of emptiness often accompany
, depression, loneliness, anhedonia,
Although the evidence is conflicting, paroxetine may be effective for the treatment of
, a chronic disorder involving depressive symptoms for most days of the year.
While viloxazine may have been effective in clinical depression, it did relatively poorly in a double-blind randomized controlled trial versus amisulpride in the treatment of
Citalopram is frequently used off-label to treat anxiety, panic disorder,
premenstrual dysphoric disorder, body dysmorphic disorder and obsessive–compulsive disorder.
A combination of antidepressant medication and psychotherapy has consistently been shown to be the most effective line of treatment for people diagnosed with
. Working with a psychotherapist to address the causes and effects of the disorder, in addition to taking antidepressants to help eliminate the symptoms, can be extremely beneficial. This combination is often the preferred method of treatment for those who have
. Looking at various studies involving treatment for
, 75% of people responded positively to a combination of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and pharmacotherapy, whereas only 48% of people responded positively to just CBT or medication alone.
Copyright © 2017