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(6 August 1550 – 13 December 1599) was an Italian cardinal.
Protodeacon Andreas von Österreich and Camerlengo
also came to Rome. 54 out of 65 cardinals took part in conclave.:
On 7 Feb 1588, he was consecrated bishop by
, Cardinal-Priest of Santa Pudenziana, with José Esteve Juan, Bishop of Vieste, and Cristóbal Senmanat y Robuster, Bishop of Orihuela, serving as co-consecrators.
The Papal nuncio Germanicus Malaspina, bishop of San Severo, is visible at Skarga's bottom right. Cardinal
(in red) is shown below Skarga, and Spanish and Austrian envoys, bored and distanced, are behind him.
In 1577, he was sent as a special envoy to John of Austria in the County of Flanders. He served as extraordinary nuncio to Flanders and Apostolic Nuncio to Spain from January 18, 1586 until May 28, 1587. In 1589, after the assassination of Henry III of France, he accompanied Cardinal
, papal legate "a latere", to the Kingdom of France.
Niccolò Caetani was born in Rome on February 23, 1526, the son of Camillo Caetani, 3rd duke of Sermoneta, a cousin of Pope Paul III, and his second wife, Flaminia Savelli. His families were patricians from Naples. He was the uncle of Cardinal
Until 1589, Bellarmine was occupied as professor of theology. After the murder in that year of Henry III of France, Pope Sixtus V sent
as legate to Paris to negotiate with the Catholic League of France, and chose Bellarmine to accompany him as theologian. He was in the city during its siege by Henry of Navarre.
The interior of the church consists of a nave and two aisles divided by pilasters and columns. The walls are plain, according to the Cistercian taste. At the end of the north nave is the Chapel of Saint Laurence, painted with frescoes in the years 1586-89 by Niccolò Circignani, known as ""il Pomarancio"" on commission from Cardinal
Caetani was born in Piedimonte. Son of Filippo I Caetani, duke of Sermoneta, and Camilla Gaetani dell'Aquila d'Aragona, of the dukes of Traetto. Descendant of the family of Pope Boniface VIII, great-grand-nephew of Cardinal Niccolò Caetani, grand-nephew of Cardinal
and nephew of Cardinals Bonifazio Caetani and Antonio Caetani, he studied first in Ravenna, where his uncle Bonifazio was legate, and then in Rome, where he obtained a doctorate in law.
On 30 Oct 1592, Giulio Cesare Riccardi was appointed during the papacy of Pope Clement VIII as Archdiocese of Bari (-Canosa). On 15 Nov 1592, he was consecrated bishop by
, Cardinal-Priest of Santa Pudenziana, with Guillaume de St-Marcel d'Avançon, Archbishop of Embrun, and Leonard Abel, Titular Bishop of "Sidon," serving as co-consecrators. He served as Bishop of Bari (-Canosa) until his death on 13 Feb 1602.
On 17 May 1574, Massimiliano Palumbara was appointed during the papacy of Pope Gregory XIII as Archbishop of Benevento. On 26 Sep 1574, he was consecrated bishop by Giulio Antonio Santorio, Cardinal-Priest of San Bartolomeo all'Isola, with Giovanni Andrea Croce, Bishop of Tivoli, and Alfonso Binarini, Bishop of Camerino, serving as co-consecrators. He served as Archbishop of Benevento until his death on 23 Jan 1607. While bishop, he was the principal co-consecrator of Flaminio Filonardi, Bishop of Aquino (1579); Scipione Gesualdo, Archbishop of Conza (1585); and
, Titular Patriarch of Alexandria (1585).
Having finished his theological studies he went to Rome, became "cameriere segreto" to Pope Pius IV, and was ordained priest. In the early years of the reign of Pope Gregory XIII Gonzaga had a serious lawsuit with the Duke of Mantua over some property, but they were soon reconciled. Through the Guise party, whose cause he had aided, he became Bishop of Mende in France, but Charles, Duke of Guise pleaded unsuccessfully with Gregory XIII to have him made cardinal. On 4 Oct 1585, he was consecrated bishop by Iñigo Avalos de Aragón, Cardinal-Priest of San Lorenzo in Lucina, with
, Titular Patriarch of Alexandria, and Annibale de Capua, Archbishop of Naples, serving as co-consecrators.
The Romanesque belltower was added in the early 13th century. Restorations of 1588 by Francesco da Volterra, on orders from cardinal
, Camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church, transformed the three naves into one and a dome was added, also designed by Francesco da Volterra. The painting of "Angels and Saints before the Saviour" on the dome is a fresco by a painter Pomarancio. During these last restorations some fragments of a Laocoön group were found that were larger than those in the Vatican. As no one was willing to pay extra for this find, they filled up the hole in the ground. These fragments were never recovered. The façade was renewed in 1870 and frescoes were added by Pietro Gagliardi.
In 1598, some four years after the death of Cardinal William Allen in 1594, the Cardinal Protector of England appointed an archpriest to oversee the mission in England, with the permission of Pope Clement VIII.
had taken on the role of Cardinal Protector, given that the obvious successor to Allen in terms of involvement in the English mission, Robert Parsons, was not broadly acceptable. There were early misgivings about Caetani's choice, however. The archpriest was to have authority over all secular clergy in England, and George Blackwell was chosen: he was close to the Jesuits, and his letter of appointment included instructions to co-operate with them. The new nuncio in Brussels was Ottavio Mirto Frangipani who had jurisdiction over the archpriest, and he believed the arrangement gave excessive control to the Jesuits. At the same time, Richard Barret was given control of secular priests in the Spanish Netherlands other than those answerable to the nuncio there, and was told to co-operate with Blackwell, and to act against disruptive English priests.
On July 7, 1588, the physician of the Duke of Urbino, Vincenzo Remosetti, was summoned to a consultation at the Farnese Palace at Caprarola, "per uno grande accidente di epilepsia," accompanied by severe respiratory problems. The Cardinal was gravely ill. He was subjected to the usual quackery, cautery and bleeding. He was attended by Msgr. Camillo Caetani, the brother of Cardinal
, who kept his brother informed of Farnese's condition. On August 13, the doctor had to return to Rome; he left the Cardinal restless and weak, and suffering from "gotta" in his left arm. On February 28, 1589, he suffered an attack of some sort, perhaps a stroke ("ictus"). Cardinal Farnese died quietly of the effects of apoplexy in Rome on March 2, 1589, at the age of seventy. He was buried before the high altar in the Church of the Gesù. Forty-two cardinals participated in the funeral ceremonies. Above the main door of that church, on the interior side, is the famous inscription:
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