Synonyms for epicharmus or Related words with epicharmus
Examples of "epicharmus"
' birthplace is not known, but late and fairly unreliable ancient commentators suggest a number of alternatives. The "Suda" (E 2766) records that he was either Syracusan by birth or from the Sikanian city of Krastos. Diogenes Laertius (VIII 78) records that
was born in Astypalea, the ancient capital of Kos on the Bay of Kamari, near modern-day Kefalos. Diogenes Laertius also records that
' father was the prominent physician Helothales, who moved the family to Megara in Sicily, when
was just a few months old. Although raised according to the Asclepiad tradition of his father, as an adult
became a follower of Pythagoras.
Metrodorus of Cos (; fl. c. 460 BC) was the son of
. Like several of his family he addicted himself partly to the study of Pythagorean philosophy, partly to the science of medicine. He wrote a treatise upon the works of
, in which, on the authority of
and Pythagoras himself, he maintained that the Doric was the proper dialect of the Orphic hymns.
The Orya (literally meaning "The pork") is a Greek comedy written by
in 500 BC, mentioned by Hesychius.
In this dialogue, Socrates refers to
of Kos as "the prince of Comedy" and Homer as "the prince of Tragedy", and both as "great masters of either kind of poetry". This is significant because it is one of the very few extant references in greater antiquity (Fourth century BC) to
and his work. Another reference is in Plato's "Gorgias" dialogue.
of Kos or
Comicus Syracusanus (), thought to have lived between c. 540 and c. 450 BC, was a Greek dramatist and philosopher often credited with being one of the first comic writers, having originated the Doric or Sicilian comedic form. Aristotle ("Poetics" 5.1449b5) writes that he and Phormis invented comic plots (μῦθοι, "muthoi"). Most of the information we have about
comes from the writings of Athenaeus, "Suda" and Diogenes Laertius, but fragments and comments come up in a host of other ancient authors as well. There have also been some papyrus finds of longer sections of text, but these are often so full of holes that it is difficult to make sense of them. Plato mentions
in his dialogue "Gorgias" and in "Theaetetus". In the latter, Socrates refers to
as "the prince of Comedy", Homer as "the prince of Tragedy", and both as "great masters of either kind of poetry". More references by ancient authors can be found discussed in Pickard-Cambridge's "Dithyramb, Tragedy, Comedy" and they are collected in Greek in Kassel and Austin's new edition of the fragments in "Poetae Comici Graeci" (2001).
Reproducing a mid-4th century BCE accusation from Alkimos, Diogenes Laërtius in his "Lives of Eminent Philosophers" conserves a late opinion that Plato plagiarized several of Epicharmus's ideas. "[H]e [Plato] derived great assistance from
the Comic poet, for he transcribed a great deal from him, as Alcimus says in the essays dedicated to Amyntas [of Heraclea]…." Laërtius then lists, in , the several ways that Plato "employs the words of
Ennius continued the nascent literary tradition by writing praetextae, tragedies, and palliatae, as well as his most famous work, a historic epic called the "Annales". Other minor works include the "
", the "Euhemerus", the "Hedyphagetica", and "Saturae".
wrote somewhere between thirty-five and fifty-two comedies, though many have been lost or exist only in fragments. Along with his contemporary Phormis, he was alternately praised and denounced for ridiculing the great mythic heroes.
" presented an account of the gods and the physical operations of the universe. In it, the poet dreamed he had been transported after death to some place of heavenly enlightenment.
Metron (Greek: ) was the son of
from Pydna. He was hetairos and trierarch of the Hydaspes fleet of Nearchus. He may be identical with Metron, one of the royal Pages (paides basilikoi).
Anaxilas married Cydippe, daughter of Terillus, tyrant of Himera. In 480 BC he obtained the assistance of the Carthaginians for his father-in-law, who had been expelled from his city by Theron, tyrant of Agrigentum. It was this auxiliary army that Gelo defeated at Himera. Anaxilas wanted to destroy the Locrians, but was prevented by Hiero I of Syracuse, as related by
The Syracusan nymphaeum is thought to have been the ancient location of the "Mouseion" (the sanctuary of the Muses), seat of the artistic guild, where the Syracusan actors gathered before descending into the theatre to put on comedies and tragedies in the time of
The Chinese sausage "làcháng", which consists of goat and lamb meat, was first mentioned in 589 BC. The Greek poet Homer mentioned a kind of blood sausage in his Odyssey (book 20, poem 25);
(ca. 550 BC — ca. 460 BC) wrote a comedy entitled "The Sausage". Numerous books report that sausages were already popular among the ancient Greeks and Romans.
Early humans made the first sausages by stuffing roasted intestines into stomachs. The Greek poet Homer mentioned a kind of blood sausage in the "Odyssey",
wrote a comedy titled "The Sausage", and Aristophanes' play "The Knights" is about a sausage vendor who is elected leader. Evidence suggests that sausages were already popular both among the ancient Greeks and Romans, and most likely with the various tribes occupying the larger part of Europe.
In 1813 a Roman image of Seneca was found on an inscribed marble herm portrait, which showed a man with quite different features. Since then, the bust has been conjectured to represent many other people, including Aesop, Archilochus, Aristophanes, Callimachus, Carneades,
, Eratosthenes, Euripides, Hesiod, Hipponax, Lucretius, Philemon, and Philitas of Cos. Gisela Richter suggested that Hesiod seemed to be the most acceptable, a suggestion that other commentators have endorsed.
Phormis (; fl. c. 478 BC) is one of the originators of Greek comedy, or of a particular form of it. Aristotle identified him as one of the originators of comedy, along with
of Kos. He was said to be the first to introduce actors with robes reaching to the ankles, and to ornament the stage with skins dyed purple—as drapery it may be presumed.
Doric is the conventional dialect of choral lyric poetry, which includes the Laconian Alcman, the Theban Pindar and the choral songs of Attic tragedy (stasima). Several lyric and epigrammatic poets wrote in this dialect, such as Ibycus of Rhegium and Leonidas of Tarentum. The following authors wrote in Doric, preserved in fragments:
comic poet and writers of South Italian Comedy (phlyax play), Mithaecus food writer and Archimedes.
Sicily has long been associated with the arts; many poets, writers, philosophers, intellectuals, architects and painters have roots on the island. The history of prestige in this field can be traced back to Greek philosopher Archimedes, a Syracuse native who has gone on to become renowned as one of the greatest mathematicians of all time. Gorgias and Empedocles are two other highly noted early Sicilian-Greek philosophers, while the Syracusan
is held to be the inventor of comedy.
In the West, Plato (c. 437 BC – c. 347 BC) has commonly been credited with the systematic use of dialogue as an independent literary form. Ancient sources indicate, however, that the Platonic dialogue had its foundations in the "mime", which the Sicilian poets Sophron and
had cultivated half a century earlier. These works, admired and imitated by Plato, have not survived and we have only the vaguest idea of how they may have been performed. The "Mimes" of Herodas, which were found in a papyrus in 1891, give some idea of their character.
This story, related by Apollodorus and
, is one of a number of stories in which Athena kills and flays an opponent, with its hide becoming her aegis. For example, Euripides tells that during "the battle the giants fought against the gods in Phlegra" that it was "the Gorgon" (possibly considered here to be one of the Giants) that Athena killed and flayed, while the epic poem "Meropis", has Athena kill and flay the Giant Asterus, using his impenetrable skin for her aegis. Another of these flayed adversaries, also named Pallas, was said to be the father of Athena, who had tried to rape her.
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