Synonyms for essentialism or Related words with essentialism
Examples of "essentialism"
requires elaboration. To what types of objects (abstract or concrete) does mereological
apply? Usually, mereological
is taken to be a thesis about concrete material objects, but it may also be applied to a set or proposition. If mereological
is correct, a proposition, or thought, has its parts essentially; the concepts that make up the proposition are essential to it.
and the so-called "French Feminism"
is the belief that a group of people have innate characteristics that define them.
does not seriously take into account the intersections of race, gender and class in feminism, which creates divisions within the movement. Deconstructing
will prevent the separation of groups of people within the movement and also employ the intersections of gender and race.
The following philosophers have thought mereological
to be true:
There are several arguments for mereological
. Some are more formal; others use mereological
as a solution to various philosophical puzzles or paradoxes. (This approach is mentioned in Olson (2006).)
Examples of books that seek to question various theories and claims of gender
had been operative in colonialism as well as in critiques of colonialism.
The film is also a philosophical exploration of the contrast between existentialism and
Other advocates of scientific
include Brian Ellis, Caroline Lierse, John Bigelow, and Alexander Bird.
Genetic Discrimination has its foundations in genetic determinism and genetic
Greg McKeown, Author of the New York Times bestseller "
: The Disciplined Pursuit of Less".
Spivak also introduced the terms "
" and "strategic
" to describe the social functions of postcolonialism. The term "
" denotes the perceptual dangers inherent to reviving subaltern voices in ways that might (over) simplify the cultural identity of heterogeneous social groups, and, thereby, create stereotyped representations of the different identities of the people who compose a given social group. The term "strategic
" denotes a temporary, essential group-identity used in the praxis of discourse among peoples. Furthermore,
can occasionally be applied—by the so-described people—to facilitate the subaltern's communication in being heeded, heard, and understood, because a strategic
(a fixed and established subaltern identity) is more readily grasped, and accepted, by the popular majority, in the course of inter-group discourse. The important distinction, between the terms, is that strategic
does not ignore the diversity of identities (cultural and ethnic) in a social group, but that, in its practical function, strategic
temporarily minimizes inter-group diversity to pragmatically support the essential group-identity.
Spivak coined the term "strategic
," which refers to a sort of temporary solidarity for the purpose of social action. For example, women's groups have many different agendas that potentially make it difficult for feminists to work together for common causes; "Strategic
" allows for disparate groups to accept temporarily an "essentialist" position that enables them able to act cohesively. However, while others have built upon this idea of "strategic
," Spivak has since retracted use of this term.
Because mereology is a new branch of formal systems, clear arguments against mereological
have not yet been raised. The most common counterargument is that mereological
entails that an object which undergoes a subtle change is not the same object. This seems to be directly contrary to common sense. For example, if my car gets a flat tire and I then replace the tire, mereological
entails that it is not the same car.
In "The Philosophy of Nature: A Guide to the New
", he groups a number of philosophers into his camp:
Other arguments suggest that Willis' work suffers from two essential errors:
and dualism (philosophy of mind)
In the case of material concrete objects, mereological
can be true in different senses depending on how objects are thought to persist through time. The two prominent, competing models are endurantism and perdurantism. It is important to note that neither endurantism nor perdurantism imply mereological
. One can be an advocate for either model without being committed to accepting mereological
. Within an endurantist framework, objects are extended within space; i.e., objects are collections of spatial parts. Objects persist through change (or endure) by being wholly present at every instant of time. According to mereological
, enduring objects have only their spatial parts essentially. Within a perdurantist framework, objects are extended through space-time. Instead of having only spatial parts, objects have parts in both space and time. Under a framework that combines mereological
and perdurantism, objects have both their temporal parts and their spatial parts essentially.
Some philosophers believe that an object can't persist through a change of parts. They defend mereological
Chrisholm and van Cleve consider objects as enduring. Michael Jubien and Mark Heller defend mereological
for perduring objects.
Common educational philosophies include: educational perennialism, educational progressivism, educational
, critical pedagogy, Montessori education, Waldorf education, and democratic education.
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