Synonyms for foveolatus or Related words with foveolatus
Examples of "foveolatus"
is a species of harvestmen in a monotypic genus in the family Sclerosomatidae.
Herbert (2012) considers this species almost certainly as a junior synonym of "Vaceuchelus
is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Chilodontidae.
is a species of ground beetle in the subfamily Pterostichinae. It was described by Chaudoir in 1876.
is a species of ground beetle in the subfamily Pterostichinae. It was described by Putzeys in 1875.
Beginning in 1966, "Pediobius
" was imported to the United States to be tested for potential control of Mexican bean beetle. Initial testing determined that "Pediobius
" would readily parasitize the larvae of Mexican bean beetle, while leaving native, predatory coccinellids unharmed. In 1972, Maryland, then other states, began releasing "Pediobius
" to control Mexican bean beetle. USDA branches in New Jersey, Maryland, Delaware and Virginia released wasps throughout these states, focusing on areas with large soybean acreage and high Mexican bean beetle populations.
Managing Mexican bean beetle using "Pediobius
" can be difficult due to its sensitivity to cool, wet weather, and the need for a release date to line up with the phenology of Mexican bean beetle larvae. Ideally, "Pediobius
" is released at both one and two weeks after first instar Mexican bean beetle larvae are discovered in beans. "Pediobius
" wasps reproduce most successfully within the older and larger beetle larvae; if older, larger Mexican bean beetle instars are present when "Pediobius
" is released, they will be without a host. "Pediobius
" is also sensitive cold and wet weather, and are unlike to survive when released in these conditions. Wasps are generally released rate of 1000 wasps (or 50 mummies) per 3600 square feet of beans. Successful parasitism and emergence of the next generation of wasps is visibly monitored by the presence of dark-brown, dead Mexican bean beetle larvae (“mummies”). Mummies exhibit one small hole from which adult "Pediobius
" wasps exited.
" was discovered in India, and is native to most of southern Asia and Japan. In its native range, "Pediobius
" either overwinters in host larvae, or not at all due to the lack of a cold season. In the United States, however, "Pediobius
" cannot survive cold winter months because all North American hosts (Mexican bean beetle and Squash beetle, "Epilachna borealis") overwinter as adults, not larvae. Therefore, "Pediobius
" wasps die off each winter, and must be released annually in order to provide ongoing control of Mexican bean beetle or Squash beetle in the United States. Wasps are mass produced by, and can be purchased from, the New Jersey Department of Agriculture and other commercial insectaries.
, commonly known as the pock ironwood or bastard ironwood, is a medium-sized, evergreen, Afromontane tree that is native to South Africa, Swaziland and Malawi.
" occurs at medium to high altitudes in habitats ranging from bushy or rocky hillsides and mountainous forests to coastal scrub.
is a species of ant that belongs to the Acanthomyrmex genus. It was described by Moffett in 1986, and is found in Indonesia.
is a species of longhorn beetles of the subfamily Lamiinae. It was described by Dillon in 1957, and is known from Panama.
" wasps lay around 20 eggs in a single beetle larva. "Pediobius
" larvae hatch within the beetle larva, and begin to feed. This eventually kills the beetle larva, causing it eventually turn brown. The dead, brown beetle larva is called a "mummy"). (Fig. 2) Adult wasps emerge from the larvae after about 15 days, mate, and search for more beetle larvae to parasitize. "Pediobius
" wasps will also parasitize the larvae of squash beetle, "Epilachna borealis", a closely related species that feeds on cucurbit crops. "Pediobius
" wasps are extremely small, about 1-2mm long (Fig. 1 and 3), and will not harm humans, beneficial insects, or any organisms outside the beetle genus "Epilachna".
is a species of ground beetle in the Pterostichinae subfamily. It was described by Schaum in 1864 and is found in such Asian countries as Armenia and Turkey.
Inoculative releases of "Pediobius
" yielded positive results; parasitism rates of 80 to 100% of Mexican bean beetle larvae were commonly documented near release sites. However, Steven et al. (1975) also reported slow population dispersal from these sites. Also, "Pediobius
" cannot overwinter in the United States due to cold winters and the lack of an overwintering host. In "Pediobius
" native territory, the weather either is conducive for year-round exposure, or wasps overwinter in their hosts, which overwinter as larvae. Because Mexican bean beetle overwinter as adults, wasps are without adequate winter refuge in the United States . Because "Pediobius
" can neither overwinter successfully nor spread rapidly, management with this wasp requires yearly releases in more locations than is practical to control of Mexican bean beetle on a large scale. By the mid-1980s, all states except New Jersey had discontinued state-run releases of P.
. At this time, pest pressure from Mexican bean beetle began its sharp decline as well, especially in soybean.
Several types of insects, such as the parasitoid wasp "Pediobius
", show promise as biological pest control agents against the Mexican bean beetle, but insecticides are still routinely used in areas of high economic impact.
(Crawford) (Fig. 1 and 3), is a tiny exotic parasitoid wasp that is used for biological control of Mexican bean beetle, "Epilachna varivestis" (Fig. 2), an important insect pest of snap beans, lima beans, and sometimes soybeans mainly found at economic levels in the eastern United States. "Pediobius
" is in the family Eulophidae, and is the most successful biological control agent for Mexican bean beetle. This wasp only attacks beetle larvae, not eggs or adults. It is commonly used by smaller, organic growers; but is also mass released throughout the state of New Jersey, by their state department of agriculture.
is a species of airbreathing catfish endemic to Lake Malawi, in the countries of Malawi, Mozambique and Tanzania. This species grows to a length of 75 cm SL (29.5 inches). This species can be found in the aquarium trade.
This species is more elongated and conical than "Vaceuchelus
". The body whorl is biangulate by the prominence of two median lirae. The lirae above these are small or subobsolete. The height of the shell attains 5 mm. The shell is imperforate when adult.
Today the remaining forest is mostly southern tropical thorn scrub, and also includes patches of the original vegetation, tropical dry deciduous forests. The southern tropical thorn scrub forests consist of open, low vegetation with thorny trees with short trunks and low, branching crowns that rarely meet to form a closed canopy. The trees grow up to . Typical grasses of the ecoregion include "Chrysopogon fulvus", "Heteropogon contortus", "Eremopogon
", "Aristida setacea", and "Dactyloctenium" species.
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