Synonyms for galactorrhea or Related words with galactorrhea
Examples of "galactorrhea"
hyperprolactinemia include a high blood prolactin level, abnormal milk production in the breast,
, menstrual abnormalities, reduced libido, reduced fertility, puberty problems, and headaches.
Other side effects include
, amenorrhea, gynecomastia, impotence.
is reported to occur in 5–32% of women. Much of the difference in reported incidence can be attributed to different definitions of
. Although frequently benign, it may be caused by serious underlying conditions and should be properly investigated.
also occurs in males, newborn infants and adolescents of both sexes.
which can lead to
, gynecomastia, etc.
is also a side effect associated with the use of the second-generation H receptor antagonist cimetidine (Tagamet).
can also be caused by antipsychotics that cause hyperprolactinemia by blocking dopamine receptors responsible for control of prolactin release. Of these, risperidone is the most notorious for causing this complication. Case reports suggest proton-pump inhibitors have been shown to cause
In usual circumstances, in the absence of
, lactation ceases within one or two weeks following the end of breastfeeding.
can take place as a result of dysregulation of certain hormones. Hormonal causes most frequently associated with
are hyperprolactinemia and thyroid conditions with elevated levels of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) or thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH). No obvious cause is found in about 50% of cases.
hyperprolactinemia is increased blood prolactin levels associated with
(abnormal milk secretion). It may be caused by such things as certain medications, pituitary disorders and thyroid disorders. The condition can occur in males as well as females. Relatively common etiologies include prolactinoma, medication effect, kidney failure, granulomatous diseases of the pituitary gland, and disorders which interfere with the hypothalamic inhibition of prolactin release. Ectopic (non-pituitary) production of prolactin may also occur.
hyperprolactinemia is listed as a “rare disease” by the Office of Rare Diseases of the National Institutes of Health. This means that it affects less than 200,000 people in the United States population.
The phenomenon of successful human male breastfeeding has been credibly observed in several cases. However, the cases are not sufficiently documented to allow distinguishing of possible pathologic
(also spelled galactorrhoea) (galacto- + -rrhea) or lactorrhea (lacto- + -rrhea) is the spontaneous flow of milk from the breast, unassociated with childbirth or nursing.
"Endocrine": Impotence, increased or decreased libido: gynecomastia in the male; breast enlargement and
in the female; testicular swelling; elevation or depression of blood sugar levels.
Hyperprolactinemic SAHA syndrome is a cutaneous condition characterized by lateral hairiness, oligomenorrhea, and sometimes acne, seborrhea, FAGA I, and even
is milk production unrelated to nursing. It can occur in males and females of many mammal species as result of hormonal imbalances such as hyperprolactinaemia.
Rare accounts of male lactation (as distinct from
) exist in historical medical and anthropological literature, although the phenomenon has not been confirmed by more recent literature.
The following are some of the possible medical causes of
hyperprolactinemia that are listed by the Diseases Database: pregnancy, breastfeeding, sexual intercourse, shingles, prolactin secreting pituitary tumor, along with many others.
The most common side-effects of itopride include mild to moderate abdominal pain and diarrhoea. Some other side effects that may occur include: rash, giddiness, exhaustion, back or chest pain, increased salivation, constipation, headache, sleeping disorders, dizziness,
, and gynecomastia.
The term male lactation is not used in human medicine. It has been used in popular literature, such as Louise Erdrich's "The Antelope Wife," to describe the phenomenon of male
which is a well documented condition in humans.
With Johann Baptist Chiari (1817–1854), the eponymous "Chiari-Frommel Syndrome" is named. This condition is a rare endocrine disorder that affects women who have recently given birth. It is also known as postpartum
Unintended milk flow (
) is often caused by nipple stimulation and it is possible to reach normal milk production exclusively by suckling on the breast. Nipple stimulation of any sort is noted in reducing the incidence of breast cancer.
Lactation requires the presence of prolactin, and the evaluation of
includes eliciting a history for various medications or foods (methyldopa, opioids, antipsychotics, serotonin reuptake inhibitors, as well as licorice) and for behavioral causes (stress, and breast and chest wall stimulation), as well as evaluation for pregnancy, pituitary adenomas (with overproduction of prolactin or compression of the pituitary stalk), and hypothyroidism. Adenomas of the anterior pituitary are most often prolactinomas. Overproduction of prolactin leads to cessation of menstrual periods and infertility, which may be a diagnostic clue.
may also be caused by hormonal imbalances owing to birth control pills.
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