Synonyms for garbay or Related words with garbay
Examples of "garbay"
(4 October 1903 – 17 July 1980) was a French Army General.
Of modest origins, after completing high school,
was admitted to Saint-Cyr military academy and graduated as a sub-lieutenant in 1924. He then followed a distinguished military career which led from Morocco to China.
On 1 April 1961, at his request, he relinquished control of the active army and he was placed in reserve. Pierre
died on 17 July 1980 in Montluçon (Allier) and he was buried in Velesmes-Échevanne in Haute-Saône.
The division then made way until the Massif des Vosges. Général Pierre
, succeeded général Brosset, and accordingly led the division in the campaign of Alsace, where on January 1945, the division played a primordial role mounting the defensive of Strasbourg, prior to participating to the Colmar Pocket. On March 1945, the division left the guard of the Rhin for the borders of the Alpes, apprehended the Massif de l'Authion ( South of the Alpes), Tende, La Brigue and passed into Italy.
He refused to accept the Armistice in 1940 and played an active role in August 1940 in rallying Chad to "France libre". Involved in the Free French Forces, he commanded the Free French 4th and 2nd Brigades. In April 1945, on the orders of General Charles de Gaulle, General
took the 1st Free French Division to the Alpes-Maritimes, where, after 3 days of fierce fighting, they cleared the fortified massif of the Authion, the key to the enemy's defensive system in the Southern Alps.
On the left flank and north of the U.S. 3rd Division, General Garbay's French 1 March Infantry Division (French: "1 Division de Marche d'Infanterie", formerly known as the 1st Free French Division) attacked to the east on 23 January with the Rhine River as their objective. Facing four battalions of the 708th Volksgrenadier Division (part of General Max Grimmeiss' LXIV Army Corps) supported by heavy tank destroyers and artillery, the 1st Division's 1st Brigade fought in conditions similar to that experienced by the Americans to the south. The Germans mounted a defense in depth, using positions in the villages and forests to command the open ground to their front and liberally planting land mines to slow and channelize the French advance. Two battalions of the 708th Volksgrenadier Division counterattacked the French bridgeheads over the Ill River around 17:00 on 23 January but were repulsed. Wishing to avoid dug-in German infantry and armor in the Elsenheim Woods (), General
directed the 1st Brigade to concentrate their advance along the road from Illhaeusern () to Elsenheim. On 26–27 January, the 1st Brigade concentrated on opening this route and skirting the obstacle posed by the Elsenheim Woods, with a key attack into the woods made by the 3rd Battalion of the March Regiment of the French Foreign Legion ("R.M.L.E.") on 27 January. At heavy cost, the village of Grussenheim () was taken on 28 January by supporting tanks of the French 2nd Armored Division. Against crumbling German resistance, the French surged forward, taking Elsenheim and Marckolsheim () on 31 January and reaching the Rhine River the following day. In the course of its operations in the Colmar Pocket, the French 1st Division suffered casualties of 220 killed, 1,240 wounded, 96 missing, and 550 trench-foot cases.
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