Synonyms for giovanni_francesco_commendone or Related words with giovanni_francesco_commendone

luigi_lambruschini              tolomeo_gallio              cesare_facchinetti              michele_bonelli              lorenzo_campeggio              enrico_caetani              fabrizio_paolucci              ugo_poletti              marzio_ginetti              antonio_agliardi              clemente_micara              francesco_pisani              cristoforo_madruzzo              silvio_valenti_gonzaga              alfonso_gesualdo              giuseppe_pizzardo              amleto_giovanni_cicognani              innocenzo_cibo              andrea_cordero_lanza              benedetto_aloisi_masella              giovanni_salviati              giuseppe_spinelli              sebastiano_baggio              vincenzo_vannutelli              ercole_consalvi              galeazzo_marescotti              francesco_soderini              ippolito_aldobrandini              annibale_albani              pier_donato_cesi              girolamo_colonna              flavio_chigi              gian_francesco_albani              antoniutti              girolamo_bernerio              costantino_patrizi_naro              carlo_rezzonico              rebiba              iuniore              guidi_di_bagno              ludovico_madruzzo              giovanni_colonna              ulderico_carpegna              fransoni              bernardino_spada              rainiero              francesco_marchetti_selvaggiani              serafino_vannutelli              fabrizio_spada              giuseppe_albani             



Examples of "giovanni_francesco_commendone"
Giovanni Francesco Commendone (17 March 1523 – 26 December 1584) was an Italian Cardinal and papal nuncio.
The cause of her illness has been debated by contemporaries and historians. Secretary of Giovanni Francesco Commendone claimed that her illness was caused by her use of contraceptive measures. Radziwiłłs in their letters debated whether she had a sexually transmitted disease. There were persistent rumors that she was poisoned by Bona Sforza. Modern historians tend to think it was cervical or ovarian cancer.
Pope Pius IV made him a cardinal priest in the consistory of March 12, 1565. He participated in the papal conclave of 1565-66 that elected Pope Pius V. He received the red hat and the titular church of San Silvestro in Capite on February 8, 1566. Together with Cardinals Giovanni Ricci, Giovanni Francesco Commendone, and Alessandro Sforza, was named by Pope Pius V inspector of rivers, ports and public roads of Rome. He was a participant in the papal conclave of 1572 that elected Pope Gregory XIII. On June 2, 1572, he opted for the titular church of San Marcello al Corso.
Henry of Valois, the brother of Charles IX of France emerged as a possible candidate in the final years of the reign of Zygmunt August. He was supported by the pro-French circles among Polish nobility, which hoped to reduce Habsburg influences, end wars with Ottoman Empire, a traditional French ally, and profit from lucrative Baltic Sea trade with France. French court also expressed interest in this idea. In August 1572, Paris sent to the Commonwealth an official delegation, headed by Bishop of Valence, Jean de Montluc. The French were also supported by an influential Papal legate, Giovanni Francesco Commendone.
According to a witness, Catherine lived like a widow. She received 28,000 guldens annually from Sigismund for her court of more than fifty people. She was visited by her family, she studied Bible and other theological works, she established a garden for medicinal herbs and produced various herbal remedies. It seems that she still wanted to return to Poland: she tearfully asked Giovanni Francesco Commendone for help when he visited her twice and kept writing letters to her husband. In her last will, she asked her husband for forgiveness and left him all jewelry she received from him. The majority of her cash was left for charity.
Pope Pius IV made him a cardinal priest in the consistory of March 12, 1565. He received the red hat and the titular church of Santa Maria in Via Lata on May 15, 1565. He participated in the papal conclave of 1565-66 that elected Pope Pius V. Together with Cardinals Giovanni Ricci, Giovanni Francesco Commendone, and Marcantonio Bobba, was named by Pope Pius V inspector of rivers, ports and public roads of Rome. On January 5, 1570, the pope named him papal legate "a latere" to Bologna and Romagna.
Gentile and Giovanni Paolo Alciati della Motta then followed Biandrata to safety in Pinczòw, the "Sarmatian Athens", 1562–66. During this period cardinal Giovanni Francesco Commendone succeeded in persuading John II Sigismund to implement the "Edict of Parczòw" 1564, expelling all the Italian and German Calvinists and Antitrinitarians. Gentile, Bernardino Ochino and Alciati set out for Slavkov u Brna in Moravia, where Nicola Paruta was, and where Ochino died in 1565. Gentile returned to Bern, but challenged the French Protestants to a public debate on the Trinity. Before any debate could take place, he was arrested, imprisoned, and Théodore de Bèze and Heinrich Bullinger urged the bailiff to take the strictest sentence. He was executed 10 September 1566.
In October 1562, at the wedding of Catherine Jagiellon and Duke John of Finland, the couple saw each other for the last time. Catherine lived in Vilnius and Hrodna before being sent to Radom in April 1563. 40-year-old Sigismund sought to obtain annulment of the marriage as he wanted to marry for the fourth time and secure a male heir. In January 1565, Sigismund complained to papal nuncio Giovanni Francesco Commendone that marriage to Catherine was sinful because she was a sister of his first wife, that she hated Poland, that she caused the miscarriage in 1554, and that he was physically disgusted by his wife due to her epilepsy. Due to Habsburg influence, Pope Pius IV did not allow the divorce.
Already in 1553 Jesuits offered to establish a college in Vilnius, but Grand Duke Sigismund II Augustus delayed due to the Livonian War, opposition of some Protestant nobles, and difficulties in finding the right personnel. With assistance from papal nuncio Giovanni Francesco Commendone and Bishop of Warmia Stanislaus Hosius, Protasewicz persuaded Sigismund to allow the school to be established. The priests were afraid that Protestants might be first to establish an academy as such a Protestant school was contemplated by Mikołaj "the Red" Radziwiłł based on the last will of Mikołaj "the Black" Radziwiłł. The Jesuits hoped that the new school would become their stronghold, preparing new generations of Catholic-educated activists for future religious work. The academy was intended to stop immigration of Lithuanian students to Protestant German universities, including newly established University of Königsberg. Possibly there were also political motives: Lithuania needed a university as a counterpart to the Polish university in Kraków.
After Raphael's death, the building was sold to the Cardinal of Ancona, Pietro Accolti, who already owned another palazzo on "via Alessandrina", separated from the building through a house which the Cardinal bought later. After the death of the Cardinal, the palace was inherited by his nephew Benedetto, Cardinal of Ravenna. Accused of corruption, the Cardinal was imprisoned in Castel Sant'Angelo in 1534 and released after paying a fine of 59,000 "scudi" to the Apostolic Chamber. The cardinal had to borrow the huge sum from the Florentine bankers Giulio and Lorenzo Strozzi, who later acquired his palace for 6,000 scudi as partial reimbursement of the loan. However, the Cardinal reserved the right to redeem the building after repaying his creditors, and this led to a lawsuit between his heirs and the heirs of the Strozzi. The latter won, but in 1576 they were forced to sell the building, which was crumbling and whose walls had been shored up, to Cardinal Giovanni Francesco Commendone.