Synonyms for goniopholis or Related words with goniopholis
Examples of "goniopholis"
and scutes. The reptiles recorded include turtles, crocodiles (
Below is a cladogram including several "
Through the years, many species of Goniopholididae have been referred to "
". Most of these species are no longer considered to belong to this genus. Two species were referred to "
" from Brazil. "
hartti" (Marsh, 1869) from the Lower Cretaceous of Brazil is in fact a member of the genus "Sarcosuchus", while "G. paulistanus" (Roxo, 1936), known only from two tooth crowns and a fragment of the right tibia from the Upper Cretaceous Bauru Group, is a "nomen dubium" referable only to Neosuchia "incertae sedis".
The type species of the genus, "G. crassidens" which is known from the Berriasian of England, and the referable species "G simus" from the Berriasian of NW Germany, might be conspecific. Other species that are referable to "
" include "G. kiplingi" from the Berriasian of England, and "G. baryglyphaeus" from the Late Jurassic (Kimmeridgian) of Portugal making it the oldest known "
" species. The species "G. kiplingi" honors the author Rudyard Kipling, "in recognition for his enthusiasm for natural sciences".
Richard Lydekker assigned "Pholidosaurus" to the family Goniopholididae in 1887 along with "Hylaeochampsa", "Theriosuchus", "
", and "Petrosuchus" because the vertebrae are amphicoelus and the orbit communicates with the lateral temporal fossa.
Diplosaurus is an extinct genus of goniopholidid mesoeucrocodylian. Fossils have been found from the western United States and range from Late Jurassic to Early Cretaceous in age. The genus was first named and described in a paper written in 1877 by Othniel Charles Marsh. The generic name, derived from Greek διπλόος, "diploos", "double", probably refers to the "biconcave vertebrae" Marsh mentions as a distinctive trait compared to modern forms. The type species is "Diplosaurus felix". In 1890 Karl Alfred von Zittel recombined this with "
" into a "
felix", but today this is generally rejected.
"H. willetti" is known from a single holotype specimen, BMNHB 001876 from the Wealden Group of the Isle of Wight that includes a well-preserved nearly complete skull. It was collected by Edgar W. Willett at Cuckfield, West Sussex, from the Valanginian-aged Grinstead Clay Formation, of the Hastings Group, Wealden Supergroup. Willett showed the specimen to the Geological Society of London in or around 1877 or 1878, and it was then Hulke (1878) described it as a specimen of "
crassidens", an identification derived from a similar tooth form. The specimen was considered lost among the crocodyliform research community but was actually safely accessioned at the Booth Museum in Brighton. It was identified as "the long-lost crocodilian of Mr Willett" by Steve (1998), "Willett’s specimen" by Salisbury "et al." (1999) and "Hulke’s specimen" by Andrande "et al." (2011). It was assigned to a new species of "
willetti", by Salisbury and Naish in 2011 honoring its collector. A broad phylogenetic analysis of crocodyliforms published the same year by Andrande "et al." (2011), found the specimen to be the sister taxon of the clade formed by "Anteophthalmosuchus hooleyi" and the unnamed "Dollo’s goniopholidid". Thus it was reassigned to its own genus by Buscalioni "et al." (2013), creating the "combinatio nova", "Hulkepholis willetti". The generic name honors John Whitaker Hulke who described the specimen as belonging to "
From the Kimmeridgian-age, semi-aquatic deposits of Oker, Lower Saxony, Germany two genera of teleosaurids ("Steneosaurus" and "Machimosaurus") are known, in addition to the neosuchian genera "
" and "Theriosuchus". "Machimosaurus" and "Steneosaurus" are also found together in the same Tithonian-age deposits of western France.
In 2010, the International Astronomical Union approved that a crater on the planet Mercury would be named after Kipling—one of ten newly discovered impact craters observed by the MESSENGER spacecraft in 2008–9. In 2012, an extinct species of crocodile, "
kiplingi", was named in his honour, "in recognition for his enthusiasm for natural sciences".
is an extinct genus of goniopholidid crocodyliform that lived in Europe and Africa during the Late Jurassic and Early Cretaceous. Being semi-aquatic it is very similar to modern crocodiles. It ranged from 2–4 metres in length, and would have had a very similar lifestyle to the American alligator or Nile crocodile.
willetti" was included in a phylogenetic analysis of goniopholidids that was published soon before the specimen was redescribed. It was found to be most closely related to the clade formed by a specimen called "Dollo's goniopholidid", and "Hooley’s goniopholidid", now named "Anteophthalmosuchus hooleyi". Below is a cladogram from that analysis:
From the semi-aquatic Oker locality in Lower Saxony, Germany (Kimmeridgian-age) two genera of teleosaurids ("Steneosaurus" and "Machimosaurus") are known, in addition to the neosuchian genera "
" and "Theriosuchus". "Steneosaurus" and "Machimosaurus" are also found together in the same Tithonian-age deposits of western France.
Mahajangasuchidae is an extinct family of neosuchian crocodyliforms. It currently contains two genera, "Mahajangasuchus" and "Kaprosuchus", both of which lived during the Late Cretaceous in Gondwana. It is defined as the most inclusive clade containing "Mahajangasuchus insignis" but not "Notosuchus terrestris", "Simosuchus clarki", "Araripesuchus gomesii", "Baurusuchus pachecoi", "Peirosaurus torminni", "
Dinosaurs ("Owenodon", "Echinodon" [known from "Isolated skull elements of at least [three] individuals."]), crocodylians ("
", "Petrosuchus"), "Cimoliosaurus", the plesiosaurs and the chelonians ("Chelone", "Pleurosternum") are representative reptiles. The mammals, mostly determined from lower jaws, found in the beds mentioned above include "Plagiaulax", "Amblothenium", "Stylodon", "Dorsetodon", "Triconodon", "Spalacothenium" and several others. The isopod crustacean "Archeoniscus brodei" is very common in the Purbeck of the Vale of Wardour.
The osteoderms, also known as dermal scutes, of "Sarcosuchus" were similar to those goniopholodids like "Sunosuchus" and "
", they formed an uninterrupted surface that started in the posterior part of the neck up to the middle of the tail like is seen in "Araripesuchus" and other basal crocodyliforms, different from the pattern seen in living crocodiles, which present discontinuity between the osteoderms of the neck and body.
Siamosuchus is a genus of goniopholidid mesoeucrocodylian. Its fossils have been recovered from the pre-Aptian-age Lower Cretaceous Sao Khua Formation of eastern Thailand. It is known from a partial skull, most of the right half of the postcranial skeleton, and some bony scutes. "Siamosuchus" was described by Lauprasert and colleagues in 2007. The type species is "S. phuphokensis". "Siamosuchus" may be closely related to the European genus "
Andrade "et al." (2011) found "S. thailandicus" to be the only species of "Sunosuchus", apart from its type species "Sunosuchus miaoi", and possibly also ""
" phuwiangensis" from Thailand, which they reassigned to "Sunosuchus". Even though this was based on the results of the largest phylogenetic analysis available for mesoeucrocodylians, due to the fragmentary nature of the holotypes of "S. thailandicus" and ""G." phuwiangensis" these assignments were weakly supported.
Sunosuchus is an extinct genus of goniopholidid mesoeucrocodylian. Fossils are known from China, Kyrgyzstan, and Thailand and are Jurassic in age, although some may be Early Cretaceous. Four species are currently assigned to the genus: the type species "S. miaoi" and the species "S. junggarensis", "S. shartegensis", and "S. shunanensis". All species are from China. "
phuwiangensis", also from Thailand, was reassigned to "Sunosuchus" by Andrade "et al." (2011). The material from Kyrgyzstan has not been assigned to any species.
Asides from "Brancasaurus", other constituents of the Bückeberg Group are benthic invertebrates, including neomiodontid bivalves; hybodont sharks, including "Hybodus", "Egertonodus", "Lonchidion", and "Lissodus"; the actinopterygian fish "Caturus", "Lepidotes", "Coelodus", "Sphaerodus", "Ionoscopus", and "Callopterus", which "Brancasaurus" would have preyed on in surface waters; the turtle "Desmemys"; crocodilians, including "
", "Pholidosaurus", and "Theriosuchus"; the theropod "Altispinax"; the marginocephalian "Stenopelix"; and an ankylosaur referred to "Hylaeosaurus". Other indeterminate remains have been assigned to pterosaurs; the crocodilian clades Hylaeochampsidae and Eusuchia; and the dinosaurian clades Dryosauridae, Ankylopollexia, Troodontidae, and Macronaria.
Denazinosuchus is a genus of goniopholidid mesoeucrocodylian. Its fossils have been recovered from the Upper Cretaceous Fruitland Formation and Kirtland Formation (late Campanian-early Maastrichtian) of the San Juan Basin, New Mexico. It is the most abundant and readily identifiable mesoeucrocodylian of the San Juan Basin, mostly due to its distinctive subrectangular, flattened, and sparsely pitted bony armor. It was first described in 1932 by Carl Wiman on the basis of a skull as a species of "
", "G. kirtlandicus". Spencer G. Lucas and Robert M. Sullivan redescribed the species in 2003 and gave it its own genus, "Denazinosuchus". To date, "Denazinosuchus" is only known from skull material, armor, and a thigh bone.
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