Synonyms for graiver or Related words with graiver
Examples of "graiver"
In 1975 Graiver's younger brother Isidoro was kidnapped for ransom. Following an attempt against him,
fled to New York City in 1975. He rented an office in the Olympic Tower and administered his diverse interests from there. Debts of US$67 million, however, prompted
to transfer around US$45 million in loans from American Bank & Trust to his Brussels bank. It made large loans to
-controlled businesses. He maintained a second home in Acapulco, Mexico, reportedly for tax evasion.
was reported to have died on August 7, 1976 in a plane crash nearby.
Following Graiver's 1976 reported death, his widow Lidia Papaleo returned to Argentina on September 16 of that year, after the first bank failure. Facing debts and death threats, Papaleo was enjoined by the newly installed military dictatorship's Economy Minister, José Alfredo Martínez de Hoz, to sell the
stake in Papel Prensa. By then,
had earlier sold part of his interest to Rafael Iannover, but Lidia Papaleo
retained 11%, or about US$1 million. The federal prosecutor appointed to the case, Julio César Strassera, uncovered coercion from the Montoneros, who sought to recover the US$17 million investment managed by
. A military tribunal convicted Papaleo, Isidoro and Juan
(brother and nephew of David
), sentencing them to 15 years' imprisonment. An appeals court later cleared the defendants of all charges.
was born in Buenos Aires to Eva Gitnacht and Juan
, Polish Jewish immigrants who had come to Argentina in 1931. The family later settled in La Plata, where they developed a successful realty company. David
enrolled at the University of La Plata Law School. He did not finish the program but, with his family's support, purchased the Banco Comercial de La Plata in 1967.
Planning to purchase a larger printing plant, Timerman sold a 45% stake in 1974 to David
, a real estate developer, became the investment banker for the Montoneros guerrilla group. He reportedly laundered us$17 million in funds obtained by the Montoneros from their frequent kidnappings in a variety of interests in both Argentina and overseas, including "La Opinión".
died in an aviation crash on August 7, 1976.
Civita and Editorial Abril sold their shares in late 1973 to a consortium led by banker and developer David
who, through partner Rafael Ianover, became the firm's largest private shareholder. Secretly, however,
acted as the investment banker for the Montoneros guerrilla group. He reportedly laundered US$17 million in funds that the Montoneros had received from illicit activities, principally kidnapping. These investments included a variety of interests in both Argentina and overseas, and by 1976,
owned a significant stake in Jacobo Timerman's "La Opinión" (one of the leading newspapers and the leading magazine publisher in Argentina), as well as numerous other businesses and banks in Argentina, New York City, and elsewhere.
contracted US$67 million in debts, however, and reportedly died in a plane crash near Acapulco on August 7, 1976. He was indicted for embezzlement in 1978 by Manhattan district attorney Robert Morgenthau, who believed the elusive banker to possibly be alive.
Manhattan district attorney Robert Morgenthau was skeptical that
died in the crash. The incident was never investigated by the Mexican government nor was the flight recorder ever found. In 1978, Morgenthau's office issued an indictment against
for embezzlement related to the September 15, 1976 failure of American Bank & Trust. It was the fourth-largest bank failure in United States history at the time. Graiver's banks in Argentina and elsewhere also failed. New York State Supreme Court Judge Arnold Fraiman ruled on January 15, 1979, that
was officially dead, although the judge expressed some reservations.
Conservative US critics, such as William Buckley, Norman Podhoretz, and Irving Kristol, criticized Timerman's comments and noted that he had a relationship with the indicted, late banker David
, accused of laundering funds for leftist guerrillas. Kristol used the
connection to explain the inaction of the Jewish community in Argentina, suggesting that it had “implicitly vindicat[ed] the Reagan administration's prudent policy on human rights”.
He married Susana Rottemberg, and the couple had a daughter, María Sol, in 1974; they were separated shortly afterward.
next married Lidia Papaleo, the daughter of a prominent Greek Argentine family.
Upon the return of democratic rule, Camps wrote articles for the far-right nationalist-Catholic magazine "Cabildo", and published a book on financist David
and about "the Zionist danger".
The Triple A's chief nemesis at the time, the far-left terrorist group Montoneros, claimed up to 1,000 lives from 1970 until their elimination in 1976. They also perpetrated a number of high-profile ransom kidnappings, notably that of Jorge and Juan Born in September 1974. The Born brothers, directors of what was then one of Argentina's largest conglomerates (Bunge y Born) paid US$60 million for their release in June 1975, a world record at the time. At least US$14 million of these proceeds were laundered by David
, a real-estate developer.
fled Argentina in 1975 and settled in Manhattan, from where he bought controlling stake in a variety of banks in the U.S. and elsewhere. He reportedly died in a plane crash near Acapulco in August 1976, however, leaving US$45 million in bad debts that resulted in the collapse of American Bank & Trust – at the time the 4th largest bank failure in U.S. history. District Attorney Robert Morgenthau was skeptical that
died in the crash, and indicted
for the failure of American Bank & Trust; Graiver's banks in Argentina and elsewhere also failed. New York Judge Arnold Fraiman ultimately ruled in January 1979 that
was deceased, although he did so with reservations.
Before dawn on 15 April 1977, military police in civilian clothes appeared at Timerman's house and took him into custody. Enrique Jara, assistant editor of "La Opinion", was also arrested. The Army announced that Timerman and Jara were being held, with 13 others, "in relation to the investigation of the
case". The same day, the US Federal Bureau of Investigation announced that it had become involved in the case, and was hunting for
under suspicion that his death had been faked. The military promoted the story of a
conspiracy in the national and international press. For instance, a 17 April column in "La Nación" promised sweeping prosecution and punishment for all those involved.
From 1971 to 1977, Timerman edited and published the left-leaning daily "La Opinión". Under his leadership, this paper reported news and criticisms of the human rights violations of the Argentine government, into the early years of the Dirty War. One wealthy backer of the paper was David
, a Jewish businessman said to have ties to the leftist guerrilla group known as Montoneros, which was banned.
had lent money to the paper in 1974. Because of Graiver's alleged ties to the Montoneros, Timerman was later criticized for his connections to the businessman.
(1941 — 1976) was an Argentine businessman and banker who was investigated in the 1970s for alleged money laundering of US$17 million for the Montoneros, a leftist guerrilla group. He was indicted for embezzlement after his reported death by Manhattan District Attorney Robert Morgenthau, who had thought he might have faked his death, because of the September 15, 1976 failure of American Bank & Trust. This was the fourth-largest bank failure in United States history at the time, and Graiver's banks in Argentina and elsewhere also failed. A New York court declared
officially dead on January 15, 1979, clearing the way for resolution of some outstanding financial issues.
Conarepa, the state entity formed to liquidate assets seized from political opponents, expropriated the uncompleted Bristol Center and other
family properties in Argentina. The private shareholders of Papel Prensa, including the widow Lidia Papaleo, were later indemnified in 1985 by President Raúl Alfonsín's administration, which sought to correct some of the abuses of the period of the Dirty War.
Shortly afterward Isidoro
denied the charges, stating that the sale of the company took place while his brothers were free, and that their detention was not related to Papel Prensa but with their link to the "Montoneros" guerrilla group. He had made statements to the contrary one month earlier, and was therefore later accused of being manipulated by "Clarín".
Timerman praised the election of Raúl Alfonsín, saying: "Alfonsín's victory has opened an era of democracy that is a completely new phenomenon in Argentina." Judge Fernando Zavalia had, in July 1982, ordered the release of all others arrested in connection with the
case. (However, not all had been freed.)
was later reported to have secretly become the investment banker for the Montoneros leftist guerrilla group. He reportedly laundered US$17 million in funds that the Montoneros had received from illicit activities, principally ransoms paid for release of persons they had kidnapped. He made investments on their behalf in a variety of interests in Argentina and other countries, including the United States. By 1976,
owned a significant stake in Jacobo Timerman's "La Opinión" (one of the leading newspapers and the leading magazine publisher in Argentina), the Galerías da Vinci retailer, as well as banks in Argentina (Comercial de La Plata and the Bank of Hurlingham), New York City (American Bank & Trust and Century National Bank), Brussels (Banque pour l’Amérique du Sud), and Tel Aviv (Swiss-Israel Bank). These and other assets amounted to around US$200 million by then. The Israeli intelligence service Mossad classified
as one of the three leading Jewish banking figures in Latin America (ranked with José Klein in Chile, and Edmond Safra in Brazil).
Amid a series of political controversies between Clarín and Kirchnerism, Papaleo testified in 2010 to having been personally threatened by "Clarín" executive Héctor Magnetto during the sale, and subsequently tortured by police to forfeit further payment, as well as her remaining shares in "La Opinión". Charges were filed to the effect of the sale's alleged illegality by the federal government in August 2010, a decision the company's directors claimed was a government attempt to control the still-significant newspaper media. Papaleo, however, recanted her testimony within days, affirming simply that she had been pressured to sell her shares, though never under duress. This latter assertion was echoed by Isidoro
(her brother-in-law) and by María Sol
(the couple's daughter). Her brother, Osvaldo Papaleo, reiterated claims that the sale of Graiver's Papel Prensa shares was arranged under pain of death, and that ulterior motives explained the recent retractions.
Admitted to the New York Bar in 1966, Brashich was a litigator. He recovered purloined art – Constantin Brancusi's "The Muse"; he represented the politically jailed
family in Argentina and international business interests from Nigeria, Liberia, Argentina and Yugoslavia. He espoused constitutional/equal protection challenges, appearing before the Supreme Court in "Schwartz v Postel", "Regents v Bakke", "Steelworkers v Weber" as well as in "Brashich v Port Authority".
At the beginning of April, the military began to arrest people connected to the Argentine banker David
, who had left the country in 1975 and was reported killed in a plane accident in Mexico in 1976. He had been under suspicion of financing the left-wing Montoneros guerrillas through money laundering of millions of dollars derived from their kidnapping ransoms. Reports suggest that between 100 and 300 people were arrested under this charge.
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