Synonyms for guizhen or Related words with guizhen
Examples of "guizhen"
For her role as Yang
in "Eight Women Die a Martyr" (1987), Yue won the Xiaobaihua Award for Best Supporting Actress.
Flora-2 is a successor to the Flora system (1998-1999) and incorporates the experience gained developing and using the original Flora system. The Flora-2 project started around year 2000 by
Yang and Michael Kifer. In later years it was led by Michael Kifer and had many other contributors.
"Lǐ Guìzhēn"; 1907–1942), better known by her stage name Bai Yushuang "Yùshuāng", Jade Frost"), was a Chinese Ping Opera singer and actress. She was one of "The Four Famous "Dans"" "Sì Dàmíng Dàn") and remains known as the "Queen of Pingju" "Píngjù Huánghòu").
Zhu Shaowen's disciples included Pin Youben, Fu
, Xu Changfu, and Fan Changli. He assigned all of the first and second groups of his students stage names starting with "you" (有; to have) and "de" (德; virtue) respectively. Zhu died in his hometown in 1903.
was born in Guye, Luan County, Hebei. As a child, she was sold to the wandering entertainer Li Jingchun and his wife Mrs Bian, who renamed her Li Huimin "Lǐ Huìmǐn"). Her status within the family was reduced when Mrs Bian gave birth to a son, Li Guozhang. She was then forced to earn money on the street by singing stories accompanied by a small drum or other instrument. At fourteen, she began learning pingju from Dong Faliang, taking supporting roles under the stage name "Bai Yushuang". She became celebrated in Beiping (now Beijing) and Tianjin for her extreme range, from very high notes to lower than lowest note of the "erhu". Upon Li Jingchun's death, his widow Mrs Bian purchased more girls from poor families. The 4-year-old Xiaodezi was renamed Fuzi and instructed to refer to Li
as her mother.
In 2013, estimates of bears kept in cages in China for bile production range from 9,000 to 20,000 bears on nearly 100 domestic bear farms. One company (Fujian
Tang Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd) alone has more than 400 black bears to supply bile using the free drip method. The bile is harvested twice a day to collect a total of approximately 130 ml from each bear per day.
Around the same time, Emperor Wuzong had begun to favor a Taoist monk, Zhao
(趙歸真), despite the advisory officials' advice against it. Emperor Wuzong had to assure Li Deyu that he would not be affected in his policy decisions by Zhao. Meanwhile, Li Deyu was also gaining intelligence information from Zhaoyi officers who surrendered, and was directing Wang Zai, Wang Feng, and He Hongjing in their tactics.
Buddhism had flourished into a major religious force in China during the Tang period, and its monasteries enjoyed tax-exempt status. Because they didn't contribute taxes, Emperor Wuzong believed Buddhism to be a drain on the state's economy. Coupled with his devotion to Taoism as well and his deep trust in the Taoist monk Zhao
(趙歸真), he set out to act against Buddhism, initiating an imperial edict in 842 weeding out sorcerers and convicts from the ranks of the Buddhist monks and nuns, and returning them to lay life. Monks and nuns were to turn their wealth over to the government unless they returned to lay life and paid taxes. During this first phase, Confucian arguments for the reform of Buddhist institutions and the protection of society from Buddhist influence and practices were predominant.
Starting in the late 1940s and the 1950s, the mainland Chinese government tried to integrate disparate qigong approaches into one coherent system, with the intention of establishing a firm scientific basis for qigong practice. In 1949, Liu
established the name "Qigong" to refer to the system of life preserving practices that he and his associates developed based on Dao yin and other philosophical traditions. This attempt is considered by some sinologists as the start of the modern or scientific interpretation of qigong. During the Great Leap Forward (1958–1963) and the Cultural Revolution (1966–1976), qigong, along with other traditional Chinese medicine, was under tight control with limited access among the general public, but was encouraged in state-run rehabilitation centers and spread to universities and hospitals. After the Cultural Revolution, qigong, along with t'ai chi, was popularized as daily morning exercise practiced en masse throughout China.
She fell in love with the cymbal player Li Yongqi, but Mrs Bian prevented their marriage to protect the profits she was deriving from her "money tree" ("yaoqianshu"). The pair eloped to his hometown in Ba County, Hebei, in February 1937. She dressed and lived as a peasant for six months before Mrs Bian ultimately negotiated for her return and the troupe's return to Tianjin and Beiping. Around the time of the Japanese occupation of the city, Bai Yushuang was diagnosed with uterine cancer. She received treatment at Beiping's German hospital and her understudy Fuzi—under the name Little Bai Yushuang "Bái Yùshuāng")—only replaced her once she was too ill to take the stage. In Spring of 1942, Li
returned to Tianjin to find that her bank accounts and property had been transferred to Mrs Bian's son. She collapsed on stage during a performance of "Understanding after Death" "Sǐ Hòu Míngbai") with Li Yifen in July 1942 and subsequently died.
Relocating to Shanghai in 1935, Li
performed pingju alongside Ai Lianjun, Yu Lingzhi, and Zhao Ruquan to large audiences at the Enpaiya Theater and on tour through Suzhou, Wuxi, and Nanjing. The repertoire included "Pan Jinlian", "Spring in the Jade Hall" (, "Yù Táng Chūn"), "The Little Matchmaker" "Hóngniáng"), "Yan Poxi", and "The Lioness's Roar" "Hédōng Shīhǒu"). She was arrested and accused of murder but Mrs Bian was able to extricate her from the charges. Her character was attacked by conservatives but defended by Zhao Jinshen and A Ying in the press and the reformers Tian Han, Hong Shen, and Ouyang Yuqian worked with her to work "anti-feudalist" messages into her historical dramas. She became a movie star following her role in Zhang Shichuan's 1936 "Red Begonia" "Hǎitáng Hóng") and was considered one of "The Four Famous "Dans"", alongside Liu Cuixia, Ai Lianjun, and Xi Cailian.
In the early 1950s, Liu
(劉貴珍) (1920–83), a doctor by training, used his family’s method of body cultivation to successfully cure himself of various aliments. He then promoted his method to his patients and eventually published a book, "Qi Gong liaofa shiyan" (氣功療法實驗) to promote his successes. His efforts to re-define qigong without a religious or philosophical context proved to be acceptable to the ruling government. The popularity and success of Liu’s book and the government’s strong support for Traditional Chinese medicine resulted in the formation of Qigong department within Universities and hospitals that practiced Traditional Chinese medicine. As a result, the first institutional support for qigong was established across China, but this practice remained under tight control and had limited access by the general public.
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