Synonyms for henry_sidgwick or Related words with henry_sidgwick
Examples of "henry_sidgwick"
Graham had numerous correspondences with Tennyson and his wife,
, John Addington Symonds and T.E. Brown and other nineteenth century literary figures.
The college was founded in 1871 by
, and was the second Cambridge college to admit women after Girton College. The co-founder of the college was Millicent Garrett Fawcett.
Two British economists are credited with having initiated the formal study of externalities, or "spillover effects":
(1838-1900) is credited with first articulating, and Arthur C. Pigou (1877-1959) is credited with formalizing the concept of externalities.
It was established in 1900 on the death of
, who had supported "Mind" financially since 1891 and had suggested that after his death the society should be formed to oversee the journal.
was first to note in "The Methods of Ethics" that the paradox of hedonism is that pleasure cannot be acquired directly. Variations on this theme appear in the realms of ethics, philosophy, psychology, and economics.
Legal philosopher and theorist John Henry Wigmore produced maps of legal arguments using numbered premises in the early 20th century, based in part on the ideas of 19th century philosopher
who used lines to indicate relations between terms.
(; 31 May 1838 – 28 August 1900) was an English utilitarian philosopher and economist. He was one of the founders and first president of the Society for Psychical Research and a member of the Metaphysical Society and promoted the higher education of women. His work in economics has also had a lasting influence.
Barratt described himself as an egoist, and in an article called "The Suppression of Egoism" defended his theory against
. His editor Carveth Read held that his divergence from the "universalist utilitarians" upon this point is partly a question of classification.
Taylor was ordained to a curacy near Birmingham, but withdrawal from active theological pursuits in 1863. He was a proponent of the movement for greater academic freedom at Cambridge. Taylor became a Fellow at the Trinity College in Cambridge, but gave up his fellowship about the same time
(1869) and Leslie Stephen (1862) gave up theirs.
Hobart's compatibilism was similar to earlier landmark positions by Thomas Hobbes and David Hume, as refined in the 19th-century compatibilist views of John Stuart Mill,
, and F. H. Bradley. But unlike them Hobart explicitly did not endorse "strict" logical or physical determinism, and he explicitly did endorse the existence of alternative possibilities, which can depend on absolute chance.
Demand continued to increase and the supporters of the enterprise formed a limited company to raise funds, lease land and build on it. in 1875 the first building for Newnham College was built on the site off Sidgwick Avenue where the college remains. In 1876
married Elizabeth Balfour who was already a supporter of women's education. They lived at Newnham from 1893.
Moses was one of the first vice-presidents of the Society for Psychical Research (SPR). Other early members included Frederic W. H. Myers,
and Edmund Gurney. In 1886 and 1887 in a series of publications the SPR exposed the tricks of the medium William Eglinton. Because of this, some spiritualist members including Moses resigned from the SPR.
The library is the outgrowth of a Moral Sciences Library begun in 1885 by Professor Alfred Marshall and Professor
, consisting largely of their own books and housed in the School of Divinity. Since 2012 the library had also helped books of the Centre of Development Studies, which had been housed in the Mill Lane Library.
Ethical egoism was introduced by the philosopher
in his book "The Methods of Ethics", written in 1874. Sidgwick compared egoism to the philosophy of utilitarianism, writing that whereas utilitarianism sought to maximize overall pleasure, egoism focused only on maximizing individual pleasure.
Collins and his wife, a spiritual medium, were actively involved with psychic phenomena during the 1930s. Their circle of friends included W.H. Salter, Theodore Besterman and Mrs.
, all of whom were affiliated with the Society for Psychical Research in London.
in "The Methods of Ethics" held meanness to be both the opposite of liberality and generosity. A mean person "chooses a trifling gain to himself rather than the avoidance of disappointment to others", and meanness is not injustice per se.
Former members have spoken of the lifelong bond they feel toward one another.
, the philosopher, wrote of the Apostles in his memoirs that "the tie of attachment to this society is much the strongest corporate bond which I have known in my life."
It led to the organisation of local lectures by the universities. The higher local examinations for women had been started in 1869, and in 1870
suggested that lectures should be given in Cambridge to assist the candidates. The plan was most successful, women coming long distances to attend the lectures.
The Methods of Ethics is a book on ethics first published in 1874 by the English philosopher
. The "Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy" indicates that "The Methods of Ethics" "in many ways marked the culmination of the classical utilitarian tradition." Noted moral and political philosopher John Rawls, writing in the Forward to the Hackett reprint of the 7th edition,
According to his profile in the "Encyclopedia of Ethics", Singer's "writings also include important work on the moral philosophies of" John Stuart Mill and
. Singer's views of utilitarianism have also been noted as some of the most influential of modern ethicists.
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