Synonyms for hyperandrogenism or Related words with hyperandrogenism
Examples of "hyperandrogenism"
Some patients may manifest premature pubarche and
7) Males: hypogonadism, Females: irregular menses and/or
affects 5-10% of females of reproductive age.
can affect both males and females, but is more noticeable in females due to the fact that elevated levels of androgens in females often facilitates virilization. Due to the fact that
is characterized by the elevation of male sex hormone levels, symptoms of
in men are often negligible.
in females is typically diagnosed in late adolescence with a medical evaluation. The medical evaluation tends to consist of a pelvic exam, observation of external symptoms, and a blood test measuring androgen levels.
HAIR-AN syndrome consists of
(HA), insulin resistance (IR), and acanthosis nigricans (AN).
in women is caused by external factors, it can also appear from natural causes.
One of the symptoms of cortisone reductase deficiency is
, resulting from activation of the Hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis.
is a condition in women in which androgen levels are excessively and abnormally high. It is commonly seen in women with PCOS, and also occurs in women with intersex conditions like congenital adrenal hyperplasia.
is associated with virilization – that is, the development of masculine secondary sexual characteristics like male-pattern facial and body hair growth (or hirsutism), voice deepening, increased muscle mass and strength, and broadening of the shoulders, among others. Androgen-dependent skin and hair conditions like acne and androgenic alopecia may also occur in
, and menstrual disturbances, like amenorrhea, are commonly seen. Although antiandrogens do not treat the underlying cause of
(e.g., PCOS), they are able to prevent and reverse its manifestation and effects. As with androgen-dependent skin and hair conditions, the most commonly used antiandrogens in the treatment of
in women are cyproterone acetate and spironolactone. Other antiandrogens, like bicalutamide, may be used alternatively.
were suspended following the case of "Dutee Chand v. Athletics Federation of India (AFI) & The International Association of Athletics Federations", in the Court of Arbitration for Sport, decided in July 2015. Chand had been dropped from the 2014 Commonwealth Games at the last minute after the Athletic Federation of India stated that
made her ineligible to compete as a female athlete. The ruling found that there was insufficient evidence that testosterone increased female athletic performance. In doing so the court suspended the practice of
regulation used by the IAAF. The practice will be declared void if the organization fails to present better evidence by July 2017.
is most often diagnosed by checking for signs of hirsutism according to a standardized method that scores the range of excess hair growth.
While some adrenal adenomas do not secrete hormones at all, often some secrete cortisol, causing Cushing's syndrome, aldosterone causing Conn's syndrome, or androgens causing
It can present with Cushing's syndrome or primary aldosteronism. They may also secrete androgens, causing
. Also, they are often diagnosed incidentally as incidentalomas.
Female patients may show symptoms of
in their early life, but physicians become more concerned when the patient is in her late teens or older.
, also known as androgen excess, is a medical condition characterized by excessive levels of androgens (male sex hormones such as testosterone) in the female body and the associated effects of the elevated androgen levels. It is an endocrinological disorder similar to hyperestrogenism. The most common conditions associated with
are polycystic ovary syndrome or PCOS, a set of symptoms caused by androgen excess in females, and various cancers that can cause androgen excess. In females, the condition usually present are some combination of acne, seborrhea (inflamed skin), hair loss on the scalp, increased body and/or facial hair (hirsutism), and an elevated sex drive or libido. The symptoms of
are usually most effectively treated with antiandrogens. There is some controversy over whether
provides an unfair advantage in athletics.
Checking medical history and a physical examination of symptoms are used for an initial diagnosis. Patient history assessed includes age at thelarche, adrenarche, and menarche; patterns of menstruation; obesity; reproductive history; and the start and advancement of
symptoms. Patterns of menstruation are examined since irregular patterns may appear with hirsutism. Family history is also assessed for occurrences of
symptoms or obesity in other family members.
Bicalutamide is used to treat
and associated prostatic hyperplasia secondary to hyperadrenocorticism (caused by excessive adrenal androgens) in male ferrets. However, although used, it has not been formally assessed in controlled studies for this purpose.
In addition to the alteration of menstrual periods and infertility, chronic anovulation can cause or exacerbate other long term problems, such as
or osteopenia. It plays a central role in the multiple imbalances and dysfunctions of polycystic ovary syndrome.
A laboratory test can also be done on the patient to evaluate levels of FSH, LH, DHEAS, prolactin, 17OHP, and total and free testosterone in the patient's blood. Abnormally high levels of any of these hormones help in diagnosing
Known androgen-dependent conditions include acne, seborrhea, androgenic alopecia, hirsutism, hidradenitis suppurativa, precocious puberty in boys, hypersexuality, paraphilias, benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), prostate cancer, and
in women such as in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).
, polycystic ovarian syndrome, fewer live born children and possibly earlier menopause. Animal models indicate that abnormalities on the molecular level caused by diabetes include defective leptin, insulin and kisspeptin signalling.
Inositol is considered a safe and effective treatment for PCOS. It works by increasing insulin sensitivity, which helps to improve ovarian function and reduce
. It is also shown to reduce risk of metabolic disease.
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