Synonyms for hyperthyroid or Related words with hyperthyroid
Examples of "hyperthyroid"
phase, iodine uptake is suppressed, while during the hypothyroid phase, uptake is increased.
Note that ravenous hunger, while a sign of other diseases like
, can also be a sign of cancer.
states in the acute phase, (a common observation in Hashimoto's thyroiditis), are rare in Ord's disease.
Treatment is based on symptoms. Beta-blockers relieve rapid heart rate and excessive sweating during the
With the introduction of antithyroid drugs and radioiodine in the 1940s, clinically apparent
bone disease became less common. However, bone density measurements have demonstrated that bone loss is common in patients with overt hyperthyroidism and, to a lesser extent, in those with subclinical hyperthyroidism. A history of overt hyperthyroidism is a risk factor for hip fracture later in life, which in turn is one of the causes of excess late mortality in previously
patients. It is therefore reasonable to assume that in some
patients bone density does not completely return to normal after antithyroid treatment.
induced craniosynostosis is a hormone mediated premature closure. It is thought that the bone matures faster due to high levels of thyroid hormone.
Fidgeting can also be a medical sign, as seen in hyperthyroidism.
patients may be restless, become agitated easily, display fine tremors, and have trouble concentrating.
The clinical effects of the drug to treat the
state can have a lag period of up to two weeks, depending on the stores of thyroglobulin and other factors.
For most women, the
phase presents with very mild symptoms or is asypmtomatic; intervention is usually not required. If symptomatic cases require treatment, a short course of beta-blockers would be effective.
Note: certain symptoms and physical changes can be seen in both hypothyroid and
disorders—fatigue, fine / thinning hair, menstrual cycle irregularities, muscle weakness / aches (myalgia), and different forms of myxedema.
Riedel's thyroiditis is classified as rare. Most patients remain euthyroid, but approximately 30% of patients become hypothyroid and very few patients are
. It is most seen in women.
The initial phase of
symptoms occurs transiently about two to six months postpartum. Typical symptoms include irritability, nervousness, palpitations, and heat intolerance. Hormonal disturbances during this phase tend to occur with lower intensity compared with the hypothyroid phase. As a result, the
phase may pass undetected. The second phase of hypothyroid symptoms is also transient and can occur anytime within the three- to twelve-month period postpartum. Women in this phase experience low energy, poor memory, impaired concentration, carelessness, dry skin, cold intolerance, and general aches and pains. After one year postpartum, euthyroid function resumes. Any case with hypothyroid symptoms extending beyond one year postpartum is not considered postpartum thyroiditis.
The disease is very common with a prevalence of 5-9% of unselected postpartum women. Typically there is a transient
phase that is followed by a phase of hypothyroidism. Permanent hypothyroidism occurs in as much as 30% of cases after 3 years, and in 50% at 7–10 years. The
phase will not usually require treatment but, rarely, propanolol may be used for symptom control in severe cases. The hypothyroid phase should be treated with thyroxine if patients are symptomatic, planning to get pregnant, or if TSH levels are above 10 mU/L. Long-term follow up is necessary due to the risk of permanent hypothyroidism.
Treatments for this disease depend on the type of thyroiditis that is diagnosed. For the most common type, which is known as Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, the treatment is to immediately start hormone replacement. This prevents or corrects the hypothyroidism, and it also generally keeps the gland from getting bigger. However, Hashimoto's Thyroiditis can initially present with excessive thyroid hormone being released from the thyroid gland (
). In this case the patient may only need bed rest and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications; however, some need steroids to reduce inflammation and to control palpitations. Also, doctors may prescribe beta blockers to lower the heart rate and reduce tremors, until the initial
period has resolved.
She won the Carlsbad 5000 the following March. Steely was the 1993 USA Outdoor runner-up in the 3,000 meters but was replaced in the national team for the 1993 World Championships in Athletics. Her performances waned over the next three years and she did not compete at all in 1996. She was later diagnosed with a
Plummer's nail is a clinical sign in which there is onycholysis, or separation of the nail from the nail bed, particularly affecting the ring and little fingers. It occurs in patients with thyrotoxicosis. About 5% of
patients display abnormal nail changes. Plummer's nail is also associated with psoriasis, traumatic injury, and allergic contact dermatitis.
It has been postulated that increasing levels of PBDEs in the environment could be correlated with the increasing incidence of feline hyperthyroidism. However, a study in 2007 found that no association could be detected between
cats and serum PBDE levels.
In Graves' disease, treatment with antithyroid medications must be given for six months to two years, in order to be effective. Even then, upon cessation of the drugs, the
state may recur. Side effects of the antithyroid medications include a potentially fatal reduction in the level of white blood cells.
Hyperthyroidism almost always causes general eye symptoms like dryness and irritation, regardless of what the cause of the
state is. However, these need to be distinguished from Graves' ophthalmopathy, which can only occur in patients who have Graves' disease. (It may also, rarely, be seen in Hashimoto's thyroiditis, primary hypothyroidism, and thyroid cancer).
On March 11, 2010, the Mets announced that starting shortstop José Reyes would miss 2–8 weeks after being diagnosed with a
problem, but on March 24, the Mets announced that he would return for camp that same day and would be ready for the first weekend series vs the Washington Nationals.
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