Synonyms for iovia or Related words with iovia
Examples of "iovia"
Tablet II records various sacrifices to "Iove", "Iovio" (or "
"? Newman: "Iuno") and "Marte" to be held in atonement of possible unknown ritual faults;
According to "Notitia Dignitatum", at the beginning of the 5th century I "
" was still in its camp on the Danube.
In Noviodunum was the main base of the lower Danube Roman fleet named "Classis Flavia Moesica", then temporarily the headquarters of the Roman Legio V "Macedonica" (106-167), Legio I "Italica" (167-) and Legio I "
Three days later the people shall be assembled and three heifers sacrificed below the Forum of "Sehemania" ("Semonia") to "Tursa
" at "Acedonia". One of the heifers shall be consecrated by the "arfertur" and two by the "prinovatus".
It became an important port of Classis Flavia Moesica and a military center of the region starting from Domitian-Trajan, after the conquest of Dacia. Here some vexillationes of legio V Macedonica were detached, at least until the reign of Marcus Aurelius. Then followed vexillationes of legio I Italica, and then from the Diocletian legio I
The city was the administrative center of the Iasi tribe, but the extensive territory of the tribe had other prominent settlements, such as "Aquae Iasae" (near today's Varaždinske Toplice) and at least one settlement called "
" (near today's Ludbreg), that were not part of the Municipium.
Legio I "
" ("devoted to Jupiter") was a Roman legion, levied by Emperor Diocletian (284–305), possibly together with II "Herculia", to guard the newly created province of Scythia Minor. The "cognomen" of this legion came from Diocletian's attribute "Iovianus", "similar to Jupiter".
Legio II "Herculia" ("devoted to Hercules") was a Roman legion, levied by Emperor Diocletian (284-305), possibly together with I "
", to guard the newly created province of Scythia Minor. It was stationed at Capidava. The "cognomen" of this legion came from "Herculius", the attribute of Maximian (Diocletian's colleague) meaning "similar to Hercules".
Legio V "
" was a Roman legion levied by Diocletian in the end of the 3rd century, and was still in service at the beginning of the 5th century. The cognomen of the legion refers to Jupiter, to whom Diocletian (also known as "Iovianus", "the man like Jupiter") was devoted and identified.
God Hondos receives the epithet "Iovios" in II and that of "Çerfios" in VI. This fact raises the question of whether these epithets were used alternatively in connexion with local or temporal constraints. Another similar instance is that of "Tursa Çerfia" and "Tursa
", who are found without and within the "pomerium" respectively.
It is possible that some men from this legion and from the VI "Herculia" formed the Jovians and Herculians, the new imperial bodyguard of Diocletian. If this identification is correct, V "
" men had the appellative "martiobarbuli", since they were expert in throwing plumbata, small darts carried by five in the inside of their shields.
It is possible that some men from this legion and from the V "
" formed the Herculians and Jovians, the new imperial bodyguard of Diocletian. If this identification is correct, VI "Herculia" men had the appellative "Martiobarbuli", since they were expert in throwing small darts, "martiobarbuli", carried by five in the inside of their shields.
The gate's Roman name was Porta
, as it was located near a small temple dedicated to "Jupiter lustralis". In the Middle Ages it was called "Porta di San Zeno", while the current name derives from the guard soldiers which were paid the dazio (Latin "bursarii").
From the Later Roman Empire there are registered at Dinogetia bricks stamped with the mark of Legio I
(Scythica) and the presence of Gothic federates as well. Also, the 4th century witnessed the building of "the house of the commander" (domus), as well as the baths, the last perhaps built even earlier, according to the last archaeological finds. Also, the written sources, such as Notitia Dignitatum, certify some milities Scythici (NDOr, XXXIX, 24), thus a confirmation of the archaeological evidence. In the ecclesiastical sources there are registered Christian martyrs dated in the reign of Licinius, especially from the army, thus certifying the Christianization of the area. Other army units that were stationed at Dinogetia include: Legio V Macedonica, Cohors I Cilicum, Cohors II Mattiacorum, cl. fl. Moesica (2nd century), Legio I
II "Flavia Constantia" had its headquarters in Cusas ("Not. Or." XXXI) until the time of the "Notitia Dignitatum". In the course of time, probably under Constantine I, when the troops of the Egyptian provinces were united under the command of a "dux" (CIL II 12073), the legionary troops of the province were increased with units from both legions of Aegyptus I "
", II "Traiana", and III "Diocletiana", the latter gradually being divided into three garrisons ("Not. or." XXXI 31. 33. 38).
During the reign of Diocletian Dobruja became a separate province, Scythia, part of the Diocese of Thracia. Its capital city was Tomis. Diocletian also moved Legio II Herculia to Troesmis and Legio I
to Noviodunum. In 331–332 Constantine the Great defeated the Goths who attacked the province. Dobruja was devastated again by Ostrogoths in 384–386. Under the emperors Licinius, Julian the Apostate and Valens the cities of the region were repaired or rebuilt.
The V "
" was stationed, together to her sister legion VI "Herculia", in Pannonia Secunda, a new province created with the segmentation of the old Pannonia province. The legion received the ordinal "Fifth" because in Pannonia there were already four legions. The purpose of the legion, having her permanent camp in "Bononia" and an advanced "castellum" in "Onagrinum", was to protect the imperial residence of Diocletian in "Sirmium" (Illyricum).
After three days the holder of the "perca arsmatia" and the two assistants pray silently for the execration of the enemies and the safety of Iguvium from the shrine of Tursa. Then heifers are set free below the Forum of "Sehemenia": the first person who has caught any of the first three shall sacrifice them to "Tursa
" at "Aceronia" for Iguvium. The prayers and rituals (offer of cereals, strues, fertum, "persea") used at the Trebulan gate are to be repeated.
Thus Diocletian, who ruled from Nicomedia, promoted two faithful legions from the Illyricum (Legio V "
" and VI "Herculia"), the area he was also descended from, to be the personal protectors of the Roman Emperors. On their promotion, the two old legions were renamed "Ioviani" and "Herculiani". The Praetorian Guard continued to exist until its abolishment by Constantine I in ca. 312, and replaced as the imperial guard by the "Scholae Palatinae". The two legions however continued to be counted among the senior units of the army, and after its division between East and West, they too were divided.
There are several theories about the origin of the name. The most widely accepted one states that it comes from the Basque language, deriving from "arantza" ("hawthorn" in English). Another theory, attributed to Padre Martín Sarmiento, a Benedictine scholar who lived about a century after the founder of Aranjuez, Philip II of Spain, claims the origin to be from Latin Ara Jovis or Ara
, which means the altar of the Roman god Jupiter also known as Zeus. However the pre-Roman derivation is generally preferred.
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