Synonyms for jitang or Related words with jitang
Examples of "jitang"
Mo Furu () (19061969) was a Kuomintang major-general from Guangdong and a subordinate of Chen
In 2008, he replaced Lieutenant General Wang
as commander of the PLA Hong Kong Garrison. He attained the rank of lieutenant general ("zhong jiang") in July 2009.
Guangdong was independent on November 8. The Guangdong Army was in the early 1920s mostly dominated by Chen Jiongming. In the 1930s, Chen
was chairman of the government.
An anti Japanese war was called for by Bai Chongxi, Li Zongren, and Chen
in 1936. The mance posed by Japan was seen by Bai chongxi and Li Zongren.
A very short uprising occurred from January 25 to 28, 1903, to establish a "Great Ming Heavenly kingdom" (大明順天國). This involved Tse Tsan-tai, Li
(李紀堂), Liang Muguang (梁慕光) and Hong Quanfu (洪全福), who formerly took part in the Jintian Uprising during the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom era.
Following Yan's defeat in the Central Plains War, Li allied with Chen
after Chen became the chairman of the government of Guangdong in 1931, and prepared to battle Chiang Kai-shek. Another civil war would have broken out if Japan had not Invaded Manchuria, prompting Li and Chiang to end their hostilities and unite against the Empire of Japan.
Du was born in Dongyang, Jinhua of Zhejiang province in late Qing Dynasty China. Du's courtesy name was
(纪堂). Du graduated from Zhejiang Provincial No.7 High School (presently Jinhua No.1 Middle School) in Jinhua. In 1915, Du went to Wuhan and studied at Wuchang Advanced Normal College (; later merged into Wuhan University). Du graduated in 1919 and taught for one year at the college.
The withdrawal of 84,000 soldiers and civilians began in early October, 1934. Zhou's intelligence agents were successful in identifying a large section of Chiang's blockhouse lines that were manned by troops under General Chen
, a Guangdong warlord who Zhou identified as being likely to prefer preserving the strength of his troops over fighting. Zhou sent Pan Hannian to negotiate for safe passage with General Chen, who subsequently allowed the Red Army to pass through the territory that he controlled without fighting.
In 1931 Cai returned to Shanghai to support the Guangdong provincial People's Committee. He then went to Hong Kong to direct party work there. He was betrayed by Gu Shunzhang when attending a meeting in Hong Kong. He was arrested by the British Hong Kong police and extradited to the Chinese authorities in Guangzhou, which was controlled by the warlord Chen
. He was tortured and executed in August 1931, aged 36.
During Chiang's second premiership, Hu Hanmin died on May 12, 1936 and left a power vacuum in the south. Chiang wanted to fill it with a loyalist that would end the south's autonomy. Chen
and Li Zongren conspired to overthrow Chiang but were politically outmaneuvered by bribes and defections. Chen resigned and the plot fizzled. In December, Chiang was kidnapped by Zhang Xueliang and forced to ally with the Communists in the Second United Front to combat the Japanese occupation.
Chan was the third son of Chen
, Guangdong warlord from 1929 to 1936. During his stay in Hong Kong, he was the principal of Tak Ming College in Kowloon, the school founded by his father. He was also chairman of the school council of the Shou Shan College, member of the school council and professor of the Chu Hai College and member of the school council of the Kwong Tai College. He was also the Chairman and later Life Chairman of the Eastern Athletic Association and Chairman of the Tsung Tsin Association.
() (January 23, 1890 – November 3, 1954), also spelled Chen Chi-tang, was born into a Hakka Chinese family in Fangcheng, Guangxi. He joined the Chinese Revolutionary Alliance in 1908 and began serving in the Guangdong Army in 1920, rising from battalion to brigade commander. He was designated commander of the 11th Division within the 4th Army in 1925 and took up the garrison of Qinzhou City in Guangxi, in 1926, thus staying in the south during the Northern Expedition. In 1928 he was made Commander of the 4th Route Army.
The withdrawal began in early October 1934. Zhou's intelligence agents were successful in identifying a large section of Chiang's blockhouse lines that were manned by troops under General Chen
, a Guangdong warlord who Zhou identified as being likely to prefer preserving the strength of his troops over fighting. Zhou sent Pan Hannian to negotiate for safe passage with General Chen, who subsequently allowed the Red Army to pass through the territory that he controlled without fighting. The Red army successfully crossed the Xinfeng River and marched through the province of Guangdong and into Hunan before encountering the last of Chiang's fortifications at the Xiang River.
While at Hua Prefecture, Emperor Zhaozong considered a counterattack against Li Maozhen. However, as Han gained great influence over the affairs of the court by virtue of his own army's presence at Hua and had long been an ally of Li Maozhen's, he dissuaded Emperor Zhaozong from launching such a campaign. Meanwhile, Wang Jian resumed his attacks on Dongchuan, and when Li Maozhen sent his adoptive son Li Jihui to assist Gu Yanhui, Li Jihui was repelled by Wang Jian's adoptive son Wang Zongjin (王宗謹). In 897, Li Maozhen's adoptive son Li
(李繼瑭) was made the military governor of Kuangguo, allowing Li Maozhen's further expansion toward the east.
In 1931, Hu Hanmin attempted to block Chiang's provisional constitution and was put under house arrest. This caused another uprising by Chen
, Li Zongren, Sun Fo and other anti-Chiang factions who converged on Guangzhou to set up a rival government. War was averted due to the Japanese invasion of Manchuria but it did cause Chiang to release Hu and resign as president and premier. Chiang's influence was restored when he was made chairman of the Military Affairs Commission at the start of the Battle of Shanghai (1932). Hu moved to Guangzhou and led an autonomous government in Liangguang.
Chang's religion and ethnic background is a controversial issue in Chinese historian circles. According to Bai Shouyi, Fu Tongxian, Jin
, Ma Yiyu and Qiu Shusen (they are all Hui people except Qiu), Chang was from the Hui ethnic group. Tan Ta Sen and Dru C. Gladney also identified him as Hui or Muslim. Wen Yong-ning argued that Chang might not be Hui, based on Chang's family traditions and offspring and the status of the Semu in the Yuan dynasty. In a later paper, Li Jianbiao mentioned that Wen's work was speculative and not convincing.
Soon after Li Sizhou's return, Li Jiepi also returned from Hezhong, where he had gone to seek aid from Li Keyong — thus exposing the fact that Li Keyong, who had suffered defeats lately, would be unable to come to the emperor's aid. With the possibility that Li Keyong might intervene removed, Han submitted a petition demanding the deaths of Li Sizhou, Li Jiepi, and the other imperial princes, on accusations of treason. Emperor Zhaozong tried to alleviate the situation by not acting on Han's petition, but Han and the eunuch Liu Jishu the acting director of palace communications then acted on their own and executed Li Sizhou, Li Jiepi, Li Yun (李允) the Prince of Dan, Emperor Zhaozong's uncle Li Zi the Prince of Tong, and seven other princes. Meanwhile, Han sent threats to Li Maozhen's adoptive son Li
(李繼瑭), who was then the military governor of Kuangguo, and Li
fled back to Fengxiang, allowing Han to take over Kuangguo. Emperor Zhaozong thereafter made him the military governor of Kuangguo, in addition to Zhenguo.
Later on February 28, 1931, he was placed under house arrest by Chiang because of disputes over the new provisional constitution. Internal party pressure forced Chiang to release him. After that, Hu became a powerful leader in South China, holding three political principles of resistance: resistance against Japanese invasion and massacre, resistance against militarist Communists, and finally resistance against the self-proclaimed leader, Chiang Kai-shek. The anti-Chiang factions in the KMT converged on Guangzhou to set up a rival government. They demanded Chiang's resignation from his dual posts of president and premier. Civil war was averted by the Japanese invasion of Manchuria. Hu continued to rule southern China, the heartland of the KMT, with the help of Chen
and the New Guangxi clique. There he attempted to create a model government free of corruption and cronyism to discredit Chiang's Nanjing regime.
Chen Mingshu led the newly created Productive People's Party while it had support from the "Third Party". The Chinese Youth Party considered supporting them but were put off by their leftism and lack of realistic sustainability. The rebellion initially enjoyed popular support among most Fujianese, but high taxes to support the army decreased its popularity. In addition, the new government's decision to break continuity by issuing a new flag, new symbols and occasionally removing the portrait of Sun Yat-sen caused hesitation in many quarters. After adopting a wait-and-see approach, the New Guangxi clique declined to support the rebels. Feng Yuxiang was widely expected to be supportive but he stayed silent. Chen
and Hu Hanmin were sympathetic to their goals but condemned them for dividing the country. The fear of a new civil war at a time of Japanese aggression was the main reason why the rebellion had very little popularity.
Chan grew up in Canton, China, where his father, Chen
(a Hakka of Bobai, Guangxi ancestry), was a warlord and the leader of Canton province from 1929 to 1936. His father had three wives; Shu-Park Chan was the tenth of the 18 children born to the family. Like his father, Shu-Park Chan served in the Chinese Nationalist army in the late 1940s. After China came under Communist control, his father fled to Taiwan and sent the 19-year-old Shu-Park to the United States to obtain an education. His father hoped that his son could use the fruits of his western education to benefit the education system of his native country. In the U.S., Chan studied engineering at Virginia Military Institute and the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign, receiving a Ph.D. at Illinois in 1962.
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