Synonyms for juzheng or Related words with juzheng
Examples of "juzheng"
In 1993, Xiong started to write his historical novel, "Zhang
", which won the Mao Dun Literature Prize in 2005.
Major figures discussed in the book besides the emperor are Grand Secretaries Zhang
and Shen Shixing, official Hai Rui, general Qi Jiguang and philosopher Li Zhi.
(Chang Chü-cheng) is an important character in Ray Huang's "1587, a Year of No Significance", a documentary book on the period.
The Single Whip Law or the "Single Whip Reform" () was a fiscal law first instituted during the middle Ming dynasty, in the early 16th century, and then promulgated throughout the empire in 1580 by Zhang
The stupa was constructed during the Wanli reign of the Ming dynasty (1368–1644 AD), as recorded on a stone tablet there composed by the high minister Zhang
In 1572, her son succeeded to the throne at the age of nine. She was given the title of Empress Dowager and, in accordance with tradition, named regent during the minority of her son. Her position of regent was, however, never anything other than nominal, as she played not part in state affairs, which was entirely in the hands of Zhang
. Her son's de facto rule did not begin until after the death of Zhang
in 1582. Socially, however, her nominal position of regent gave her great prestige and status. She supported the reforms of Zhang
, and was given some of the credit for the prosperity of these years. From 1572 until 1578, she lived, on the request of officials, in the palace of the emperor rather than the empress dowager palace, to supervise his life and daily habits. She was strict with him and punished him if he, for example, refused to study.
Born during the Later Liang, Xue
was said to be studious and ambitious from a young age. In 934 during the Later Tang Xue failed the imperial examination and wrote "An Essay to Dispel Sorrows" (遣愁文), which was much praised. He passed the imperial examination the following year.
The Old History of the Five Dynasties (Jiù Wǔdài Shǐ) was an official history of the Five Dynasties (907–960), which controlled much of northern China. It was compiled by the Song Dynasty official-scholar Xue
in the first two decades of the Song Dynasty, which was founded in 960. It is one of the Twenty-Four Histories recognized through Chinese history.
(912–981) lived through all five of the Five Dynasties and received his "jinshi" examination degree under the Later Tang. He then continued to hold office through the three subsequent dynasties. He took service with the Song Dynasty when it established itself in northern China in 960.
In Ming dynasty China, the star became an issue between Zhang
and the young Wanli Emperor: in accordance with the cosmological tradition, the emperor was warned to consider his misbehavior, since the new star was interpreted as an evil omen.
The Longqing Emperor died in 1572 and was only 35. Unfortunately, the country was still in decline due to corruption in the ruling class. Before the Longqing Emperor died, he had instructed minister Zhang
to oversee affairs of state and become the dedicated advisor to the Wanli Emperor who was only 10.
Generally through Chinese history, it was historians of later kingdoms whose histories bestowed the Mandate of Heaven posthumously on preceding dynasties. This was typically done for the purpose of strengthening the present rulers' ties to the Mandate themselves. Song Dynasty historian Xue
did exactly this in his work "History of the Five Dynasties".
( 912 – 12 July 981, courtesy name Ziping) was a scholar-official who successively served the Later Jin, Later Han, Later Zhou and Song dynasties. He was one of the chief ministers of the Song dynasty from 973 until his death.
The financial drain of the Imjin War in Korea against the Japanese was one of the many problems—fiscal or other—facing Ming China during the reign of the Wanli Emperor (r. 1572–1620). In the beginning of his reign, the Wanli Emperor surrounded himself with able advisors and made a conscientious effort to handle state affairs. His Grand Secretary Zhang
(in office from 1572 to 1582) built up an effective network of alliances with senior officials. However, there was no one after Zhang
who was as excellent as him in maintaining the stability of these official alliances; these officials soon banded together in opposing political factions. Over time, the Wanli Emperor grew tired and frustrated about court affairs and frequent political quarreling amongst his ministers, and chose to stay behind the walls of the Forbidden City and out of his officials' sight.
In the first month of 1577, Empress Dowager Rensheng and Empress Dowager Xiaoding held a selection event to choose an empress for the Wanli Emperor. The 12-year old Wang Xijie entered the selection process and was successfully chosen to be the empress. In the first month of 1578, she was formally married to the Wanli Emperor at the age of 13. The grand secretary Zhang
wrote to both empress dowagers, arguing that Wang Xijie and the Wanli Emperor were too young.
wrote that "it is not difficult to erect laws, but it is difficult to see they are enforced." His Regulation for Evaluating Achievements (kao cheng fa) assigned time limits for following government directives and made officials responsible for any lapses, enabling Zhang to monitor bureaucratic efficiency and direct a more centralized administration. That the rules were not ignored are a testament to his basic success.
Zhu Yijun ascended the throne at the age of ten and adopted the regnal name "Wanli", thus he is historically known as the Wanli Emperor. For the first ten years of his reign, he was aided by the Senior Grand Secretary ("shǒufǔ"), Zhang
, who governed the country as Yijun's regent. During this period, the Wanli Emperor deeply respected Zhang as a mentor and a valued minister. Archery competitions, equestrianism and calligraphy were some of the pastimes of Wanli.
was born in Jiangling County, in modern-day Jingzhou, Hubei province, in 1525, and was renowned for his intelligence at an early age, passing the county "shengyuan" examinations at the age of 12 and enrolling for the provincial "juren" examinations the next year, where the chief examiner failed him to prevent his becoming complacent. Finally, in 1547, he passed the imperial examination and was appointed as an editor in the Hanlin Academy.
"New History of the Five Dynasties" covers the Later Liang, Later Tang, Later Jin, Later Han, and Later Zhou dynasties. The book consists of 74 chapters total. It includes biographies, annuals, case studies, family histories, genealogies, and coverage about Chinese tribes. The layout of the work was inspired by the style of Li Yanshou (李延寿) and it pulls content from Xue Juzheng's work. It has been described as being more important than the work that Xue
created and upon its discovery "Xue Juzheng's earlier history was largely forgotten and nearly lost to the world."
Li Chengliang (; 1526 - 1618) was a Ming dynasty general of Korean descent who was charged with maintaining peaceful relations with the Jurchen tribes. He was from a military family in Tielin which suffered from poverty during his childhood. It was not until he reached the age of 40 that he received an official appointment, but he eventually became Liaodong Regional Commander (Chinese:遼東總兵) with the backing of the Chief Grand Secretary Zhang
. Li served two terms as Liaodong Regional Commander. The first commission lasted 22 years, the second 8 years.
Copyright © 2017