Synonyms for khokhloma or Related words with khokhloma
Examples of "khokhloma"
handcraft seemed to be fading away in the early 20th century, but it revitalized during the Soviet times. The
craftsmen united into artels in the 1920s - early 1930s. In the 1960s, the Soviets built a factory called the "
Painter" near the
village and an industrial association called the "
Painting" in a town of Semyonov. These two factories have become the
centers of Russia and produce tableware, utensils (mostly spoons), furniture, souvenirs etc.
wood painting became a major craft in Semyonov. In 1960, Semyonov was organized as a factory named "Khokhlomskaya rospis" ("", Russian for "
Other forms of Russian handicraft include
, Dymkovo toy, gzhel, Zhostovo painting, Filimonov toys, pisanka and palekh.
Crafts and handicraft technics: Gzhel, Dymkovo toys, Imperial porcelain,
, Matryoshka doll, Palekh miniature, Vologda lace
painting ( or in Russian, or Khokhlomskaya rospis', ) is the name of a Russian wood painting handicraft style and national ornament, known for its vivid flower patterns, red and gold colors over a black background, and the effect it has when applied to wooden tableware or furniture, making it look heavier and metal-like.
Semyonov () is a town in Nizhny Novgorod Oblast, Russia, notable for being a major center for traditional handcrafts such as
wood painting and matryoshka dolls. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 24,473.
An original technique of painting wood in a goldish color without applying real gold is typical of
, a remarkable and ingenious invention of Russian craftsmen. Articles carved out of wood (tableware, mostly) were usually primed with clay mortar, raw linseed oil, and tin powder (nowadays aluminum is used). A floral pattern was then painted on top of this coating with a brush. After that, the articles were coated with linseed oil (nowadays, synthetic oil) and hardened in a kiln at high temperatures. A combination of red, black, and gold are typical colors for
. There are two principal wood painting techniques used in the
, such as the so-called "superficial technique" (red and black colors over the goldish one) and the "background technique" (a goldish silhouette-like design over the colored background).
Handicraft, like Dymkovo toy,
, gzhel and palekh miniature represent an important aspect of Russian folk culture. Ethnic Russian clothes include kaftan, kosovorotka and ushanka for men, sarafan and kokoshnik for women, with lapti and valenki as common shoes. The clothes of Cossacks from Southern Russia include burka and papaha, which they share with the peoples of the Northern Caucasus.
The Orenburg Shawl is a Russian knitted lace textile using goat down and stands as one of the classic symbols of Russian handicraft, along with Tula Samovar, the Matrioshka doll,
painting, Gzhel ceramics, the Palekh miniature, Vologda lace, Dymkovo toys, Rostov finift (enamel), and Ural malachite.
In 2009 residents of Volgograd formed a map of the country covering 127 square meters. In Sevastopol, youths passed through the city center carrying a 30-meter flag of Russia. In Moscow, at Revolution Square that day a two-meter
doll was painted. For the first time at the Ostankino Tower the state flag was displayed.
It first appeared in the second half of the 17th century in what is today known as the Koverninsky District of the Nizhny Novgorod Oblast. The handicraft was named
after a trade settlement in the same oblast, where craftsmen had been known for making and selling their handmade goods between the 18th and early 20th centuries. The making of
was first mentioned in 1659 in the letter of a boyar called Morozov to his bailiff, containing an order for the following: "One hundred painted dishes polished with powdered tin, both large and medium, of the very same kind possessed by us earlier, not forgetting twenty large painted wine bowls, twenty medium, and twenty somewhat smaller".
Each region, sometimes each village, will produce its own very distinct style and type of spoon. Many African examples are carved with wild animals and are aimed at the tourist market; there are others that are ceremonial and contain much symbolism. Distinctive painted spoons have been made in the
region of Russia for nearly 200 years, originally for domestic use and in more recent times as tourist objects.
By the 1960s, the craftsmen of the selsoviet still remembered their best painters of the 19th century (Ivan Tretyakov the elder, 1837–1922) and maintained their traditions. The oldest painter witnessed by Arbat, a 95-year-old spinster from Borok, was still painting spinning distaffs, but most active craftsmen had already switched to interior murals over Russian ovens and into painting handmade wallpaper. This placed them at disadvantage to artists from
or Palekh who produced small, portable and marketable artifacts: the art of Toyma remained locked in peasant houses until they crumbled or burnt down, unknown even to collectors from Arkhangelsk.
The 2014 Sochi emblem was designed to reach out to the newer generation by becoming the first emblem to have a web address in it. It was also one of only three emblems that was text only and did not contain an artistic element. The emblem was meant to be a symbol for more than just sports, hoping to embody themes such as socioeconomics and the environment. The creative process that led to the eventual emblem contained ideas that featured many more traditional or artistic components. Ultimately, this emblem was chosen because of it was "more future-oriented". One of the original emblem designs integrated Russian
art, while another draft was more modern and contained physical representations of Russia. The emblem that was chosen worked to show a new up and coming side of Russia that contained elements of positive change.
The emblem of the 2014 Winter Olympics was unveiled in December 2009. While more elaborate designs with influence from
were considered, organizers chose to use a more minimalistic and "futuristic" design instead, consisting only of typefaces with no drawn elements at all. The emblem was designed so that the "Sochi" and "2014" lettering would mirror each other vertically, "reflecting" the contrasts of Russia's landscape (such as Sochi itself, a meeting point between the Black Sea and the Western Caucasus). Critics, including Russian bloggers, panned the logo for being too simplistic and lacking any real symbolism; Guo Chunning, designer of the 2008 Summer Olympics emblem "Dancing Beijing", criticized it for its lack of detail, and believed it should have contained more elements that represented winter and Russia's national identity, aside from its blue color scheme and its use of .ru, the top-level domain of Russia.
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