Synonyms for khorsabad or Related words with khorsabad
Examples of "khorsabad"
On 18 April, US and Peshmerga forces carried out a raid in Hamam Alil, to the south of Mosul, killing three ISIL militants. One of them was Salam Abd Shabib al-Jbouri, the top ISIL commander in Mosul. On the same day, the Peshmerga launched an offensive on
, to the northeast of Mosul, capturing the villages of Nawara and Barima, as well as the
Intersection, to the north of
. By 19 April, Peshmerga forces entered
Additional colossi were transported to Paris from
by Paul Emile Botta in 1853. In 1928 Edward Chiera also transported a colossus from
to Chicago. The Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York has another pair.
bas-relief (7th century BC) shows the transportation of timber (most likely cedar) from Lebanon. It is found in the palace built specifically for Sargon II, another Assyrian king, at
, now northern Iraq.
Sargon records his first campaign on the walls of the royal palace at Dur-Sharrukin (
Dur-Sharrukin ("Fortress of Sargon"; ), present day
, was the Assyrian capital in the time of Sargon II of Assyria.
is a village in northern Iraq, 15 km northeast of Mosul. The great city was entirely built in the decade preceding 706 BC. After the unexpected death of Sargon in battle, the capital was shifted 20 km south to Nineveh.
His son, Paul-Émile Botta (1802–1870), was a distinguished traveller and Assyrian archaeologist, whose excavations at
(1843) were among the first efforts in the line of investigation afterwards pursued by Layard.
Tepe Gawra lies near the ancient site of Nineveh, from
and northeast of the modern city of Mosul. The tell or settlement mound at Tepe Gawra is in diameter and high.
The site was first noticed by the French Consul General at Mosul, Paul-Émile Botta in 1842. Botta believed, however, that
was the site of biblical Nineveh. The site was excavated by Botta in 1842-44, joined in the later stages by artist Eugène Flandin. Victor Place resumed the excavations from 1852 to 1855.
There are no extant contemporary sources witnessing his reign. He was the son and successor of Erishum III and ruled for six years (6 MU.MEŠ) according to the "
" and the "SDAS" copies of the "Assyrian Kinglist", where he appears as the 57th name (the "Nassouhi Kinglist" is poorly preserved in this part). He was succeeded by his son Ishme-Dagan II.
Salmānu-ašarēd II, inscribed "-ma-nu-"/, meaning "(the god) Salmānu is foremost," was the king of Assyria 1030–1019 BC, the 93rd to appear on the "
" copy of the Assyrian Kinglist, although he has been apparently carelessly omitted altogether on the "Nassouhi" copy.
The territory around the ancient site was occupied by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) in 2015. Since ISIL had destroyed a number of ancient Assyrian sites, including the cities of Hatra,
, and Nimrud, fears rose that Assur would be destroyed too. According to some sources, the citadel of Assur was blown up in May 2015 using improvised explosive devices.
A graffito version of the game was discovered on one of the human-headed winged bull gate sentinels from the palace of Sargon II (721–705 BC) in the city of
, now in the British Museum in London (see illustration). Similar games have since been discovered on other sculptures in other museums.
The Musasir temple, built in 825 BC, was an important temple in Musasir, the holy city of Urartu. The Temple at Musasir appears in an Assyrian bas-relief which adorned the palace of King Sargon II at
, to commemorate his victory over "the seven kings of Urartu" in 714 BC.
His depiction in Assyrian reliefs is limited to a marine scene in Sargon II's palace at
, ancient Dur-Šarru-kên, a small relief at Tell Halaf and on an ornamental brass ring found at Har Sena'im, an Ituraean cult site on the southern slopes of Mount Hermon.
In March 1843, after fruitless searching for the site of Nineveh, Paul-Émile Botta (1802–70) discovered the Assyrian capital of Dur Sharrukin on the site of modern
. Botta mistook the place for the actual site of Nineveh (Assyro-Babylonian cuneiform had not yet been deciphered). In October, Flandin
The site of
was excavated 1928–1935 by American archaeologists from the Oriental Institute in Chicago. Work in the first season was led by Edward Chiera and concentrated on the palace area. A colossal bull estimated to weigh 40 tons was uncovered outside the throne room. It was found split into three large fragments. The torso alone weighed about 20 tons. This was shipped to Chicago. The preparation and shipment of the bull back to the Oriental Institute was incredibly arduous. The remaining seasons were led by Gordon Loud and Hamilton Darby. Their work examined one of the city gates, continued work at the palace, and excavated extensively at the palace's temple complex. Since Dur-Sharrukin was a single-period site that was evacuated in an orderly manner after the death of Sargon II, few individual objects were found. The primary discoveries from
shed light on Assyrian art and architecture.
The Annals were unearthed in
between 1842 and 1844 by archeologists Paul-Émile Botta and Eugène Flandin. Botta and Flandin published their findings in 1849, in a paper entitled "Les Monuments de Ninive". Botta and Flandin could not read cuneiform, and so translations of the text were reliant on Botta's copies; the first major translation was made by Hugo Winckler and published as "Keitshrifttexte Sargons" in 1889.
Near Eastern antiquities, the second newest department, dates from 1881 and presents an overview of early Near Eastern civilization and "first settlements", before the arrival of Islam. The department is divided into three geographic areas: the Levant, Mesopotamia (Iraq), and Persia (Iran). The collection's development corresponds to archaeological work such as Paul-Émile Botta's 1843 expedition to
and the discovery of Sargon II's palace. These finds formed the basis of the Assyrian museum, the precursor to today's department.
From this point on the coalition of Babylonians, Chaldeans, Medes, Persians, Scythians, Cimmerians and Arameans fought in unison against a civil war ravaged Assyria. Major Assyrian cities such as Ashur, Arbela (modern Irbil), Guzana, Dur Sharrukin (modern
), Imgur-Enlil, Nibarti-Ashur, Kar Ashurnasipal and Tushhan fell to the alliance during 614 BC. Sin-shar-ishkun somehow managed to rally against the odds during 613 BC, and drove back the combined forces ranged against him.
He was the son of Išme-Dagān II, and succeeded his brother Šamši-Adad III to the throne, ruling for twenty six years, an identification that all three "Assyrian Kinglists" ("
", "SDAS" and "Nassouhi") agree on. The "Synchronistic Kinglist" gives his Babylonian contemporary as Kaštil[...], possibly identified as Kaštiliašu III, the son and (eventual) successor of Burna-Buriyåš I, the Kassite kings of Babylon during the period when the dynasty was beginning to exert control over southern Mesopotamia.
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