Synonyms for klotzsch or Related words with klotzsch
Examples of "klotzsch"
In 1854, the genus "Scheidweileria" (family Begoniaceae) was named in his honor by Johann Friedrich
(9 June 1805, Wittenberg – 5 November 1860) was a German pharmacist and botanist.
In 1841 Johann Friedrich
named the genus "Geiseleria" (family Euphorbiaceae) in his honor.
Disciseda bovista is a rare species of gasteroid fungus in the family Agaricaceae. It was first described as "Geastrum bovista" by Johann Friedrich
in 1843. Paul Christoph Hennings transferred it to the genus "Disciseda" in 1903.
The botanical name, Euphorbia pulcherrima, originated as an annotation of a herbarium specimen by the German botanist, Carl Ludwig Willdenow and was first published by Johann Friedrich
Agathisanthemum is a genus of flowering plants in the Rubiaceae family. It was described by Johann Friedrich
in 1861. It is found in tropical and southern Africa, on the Comoros and in Madagascar.
"Columnea hirta" was first described by the German botanists Johann Friedrich
and Johannes von Hanstein in 1865. It is classified under the genus "Columnea" of the family Gesneriaceae.
Among the alternate names used for Balsam of Peru are: "Balsamum peruvianim", Black balsam, China oil, Honduras balsam, Indian balsam, Peruvian balsam, Peru balsam, Surinam balsam, Balsams Peru, Balsam Peru oil, Oil balsam Peru, Peru balsam oil, "Balsamum Peruvianum", "Bálsamo del Perú", "Baume du Pérou", "Baume Péruvien", "Baume de San Salvador", "Myroxylon pereirae
" resin, "Myroxylon balsamum" var. "pereirae", "Myroxylon pereirae
" oil, "Myrospermum pereirae", "Myrosperum pereira" balsam, balsam fir oleoresin, balsam fir oil, hyperabsolute balsam, Quina, Balsamo, Tolu, Quina quina, Santos Mahogany, "Toluifera pereirae", and "Toluifera pereira" balsam.
is a family of flowering plants in the eudicot order Malpighiales. The family was recognized in only a few systems of plant taxonomy, and was not recognized in the most widely accepted modern system, the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group III, although it is accepted in APG IV (2016). The family was segregated from the Euhporbiaceae by Johann Friedrich
in 1859, and its uniqueness was affirmed by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew's Euphorbiaceae expert, Airy Shaw. The Angiosperm Phylogeny Group APG III system considers that the recognition of the family may be necessary for a monophyletic Euphorbiaceae, but also that a formal recognition awaited additional molecular and morphological studies of the family.
The species was first formally described in 1836 by Johann
, who gave it the name "Pentagonaster baxteri" and published the description in "Allgemeine Gartenzeitung". In 1844, Johannes Conrad Schauer revised the name to "Kunzea baxteri". The specific epithet (baxteri) honours William Baxter, an English gardener who collected seeds and plants for British nurserymen.
In their 2007 monograph, Ghillean Prance, Katie S. Edwards and coauthors recognised four named varieties within the species: "R. montana" var. "montana" (the "nominate" variety, based on Aublet's original description of the species), "R. montana" var. "brasiliensis" (
) K.S.Edwards, "R. montana" var. "impressiuscula" (Mez) K.S.Edwards and "R. montana" var. "paraensis" (Sleumer) K.S.Edwards.
Mitrastigma was a monotypic genus of flowering plants in the Rubiaceae family but is no longer recognized. It was originally described by William Henry Harvey in 1842. The genus was monotypic, containing only the one species "Mitrastigma lucidum". It was sunk into synonymy with the genus "Psydrax", where "Mitrastigma lucidum" now appears as the species "Psydrax" obovata (
ex Eckl. & Zeyh.) Bridson.
The basionym for this species is "Simblum periphragmoides", first described by German mycologist Johann Friedrich
in 1831, based on specimens collected in Bois Chéry in Mauritius.
designated it as the type species of "Simblum", a genus differentiated from the similar genus "Lysurus" by having the fruit body ending in a spherical, chambered head, with gleba developing within the depressions of the chambers. "Lysurus periphragmoides" is a morphologically variable species; as a result, it has acquired an extensive number of synonyms, as various authors have decided that the different forms warranted being designated as new species. Donald Malcolm Dring's 1980 monograph on the Clathraceae (a family that has since been subsumed into the Phallaceae) transferred the taxon to "Lysurus", explaining "a distinction between ""Simblum"" and "Lysurus" in the original restricted sense cannot be easily maintained because there are examples of intermediates states", and he lumped 18 synonyms under "L. periphragmoides".
Dulfer published the last revision of the genus "Erica", treating 605 species. Many new species have subsequently been described (particularly in South Africa) and a further 83 have been included in "Erica" from former “minor genera”, such as "Phillipia"
and "Blaeria" L. A more recent overview of "Erica" species is provided in an electronic identification aid, but a modern taxonomic revision of the genus as a whole is still lacking.
Several authors have regarded "Geastrum indicum" as the correct name for "G. triplex". This is because "G. indicum"—a species described by Johann Friedrich
in 1832 as "Cycloderma indicum" and then moved to Geastrum by Stephan Rauschert in 1959—may be the same species as "Geastrum triplex". If it is in fact the same species, the first published name (i.e., "G. indicum") has nomenclatorial priority according to the rules of the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature. More recently, several authors argue that "G. indicum" should be rejected as a "nomen dubium" and "G. triplex" maintained as the correct name for the species.
This species was first described as "Cantherellus floccosus" in 1834 by American mycologist Lewis David de Schweinitz, who reported it growing in beech woods in Mount Pocono, Pennsylvania. Its specific epithet is derived from the Latin "floccus", meaning "tuft, or flock, of wool". In 1839, Miles Joseph Berkeley named a specimen from Canada as "Cantharellus canadensis" based on a manuscript by Johann Friedrich
, noting its affinity to "C. clavatus". A large specimen collected in Maine by Charles James Sprague was described as "Cantharellus princeps" in 1859 by Berkeley and Moses Ashley Curtis. In 1891, German botanist Otto Kuntze renamed "Cantharellus canadensis" as "Trombetta canadensis", and "C. floccosus" as "Merulius floccosus".
Until 2010, 149 native species and 11 exotic species of trees were found in the area and surroundings, where, among the exotic species, five are considered invasive species and need urgent control measures. The arboreal vegetation is characterized by presenting species from the seasonal deciduous forest and from the Araucaria moist forest. The reserve is home for 12 endangered species according to the lists of Threatened Species of Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazilian Endangered Species and IUCN Red List: "Araucaria angustifolia" (Bertol.) Kuntze, "Gochnatia polymorpha" (Less.) Cabrera, "Maytenus aquifolia" Mart., "Dicksonia sellowiana" Hook, "Albizia edwallii" (Hoehne) Barneby & J.Grimes, "Myrocarpus frondosus" Allemão, "Cedrela fissilis" Vell., "Myrcianthes pungens" (O.Berg) D.Legrand, "Podocarpus lambertii"
ex Endl., "Rudgea parquioides"(Cham.) Müll.Arg., "Picramnia parvifolia" Engl. and "Picrasma crenata" (Vell.) Engl.
The primary source of toxicity for many species of "Crotalaria" is the presence of pyrrolizidine alkaloids, which are poisonous to birds and large mammals. The two kinds of pyrrolizidine alkaloids that are found in "Crotalaria" plants are monocrotaline and spectabiline. They can be found in the leguminous seeds, foliage, stems, or roots of Crotalaria plants. Species with higher concentrations of pyrrolizidine alkaloids yield greater toxic effects compared to those with lower concentrations. In addition, species that contain only monocrotaline are more poisonous than species that contain only spectabiline at equal concentrations within the seeds, leaves, stems, or roots. There are no confirmed species to this date that contain both spectabiline and monocrotaline; a "Crotalaria" plant can only have either one or the other. Thus, plants that are less toxic and therefore more appropriate for human consumption carry only low concentrations of spectabiline. According to one study, species that display the greatest toxicity include "Crotalaria spectabilis" Roth"," "C. retusa" L."," "C. alata" Leveille"," and "C. quinquefolia" L. Species that are least toxic include "Crotalaria australis" Bak"." Ex Verdoorn"," "C. maxillaris"
"," "C. spbaerocarpa," "C. juncea" L, and "C. brevidens" Benth., among many others.
Back in Stuttgart, Krauss was appointed to the Natural History Museum of which he became director in 1856, partly because of the reputation he acquired from his published works. In 1880 he was honoured with a decoration entitling him to be called Dr. Ferdinand von Krauss. His factual and rather dry accounts provided an accurate record of conditions in the Cape, in particular his description of the Zulus and their way of life has been found most reliable. Some of his collections were worked out and published by Christian Ferdinand Friedrich Hochstetter (1787–1860), Carl Daniel Friedrich Meisner (1800–1874), Bernhardi, Buchinger, Johann Friedrich
, Julius von Flotow (1788–1856) and Carl (Karl) Heinrich `Bipontinus' Schultz (1805–1867) - his cryptogams were dealt with by Theodor Ludwig Wilhelm Bischoff, Karl Wilhelm Ludwig Bruch, Hering, Eduard von Martens, Gustav Kunze (1793–1851) and Johann Bernhard Wilhelm Lindenberg (1781–1851). From a summary given in "Flora" vol. 29 pp 216–19, Krauss collected 2,308 species (mostly flowering plants) of which 340 species and 34 genera were new to science. Not all were upheld, but many were named for him - "Kraussia" Harv., "Combretum kraussii" Hochst., "Cussonia kraussii" Hochst., "Adenandra kraussii" Meisn., "Vernonia kraussii" Sch.Bip., "Pavonia kraussiana" Hochst., "Aspalathus kraussiana" Meisn. and many more.
"Rigidoporus lignosus" (
) Imazeki, the causal agent of white root rot, was first reported on rubber in 1904 from Botanical Gardens, Singapore. It belongs to the order – Basidiomycete, and in the family – Polyporaceae. The disease originates on roots and later spreads to collar region. Foliar symptoms are initiated subsequently with the destruction of the root system. Its above ground symptoms indicates that the trees are mostly beyond treatment and recovery, as rapid progress of infection makes death imminent. This disease caused significant mortality to tree irrespective of age or health status, causing economic losses to the latex industry in many Countries. It is the most destructive root disease in Rubber plantations in Sri - Lanka and many other rubber growing countries. White root rot has now become the most threatening root disease of the rubber tree in both Asian and African Continents which supply 98% of the natural rubber to the world market. In Indonesia alone affected area is more than 80,000 ha. As a whole 5–10% of the cultivated lands are in bare patches due to this deadly disease. International Rubber Research and Development Board survey indicates that this disease is described as "severe" in Côte d'Ivoire, Nigeria and Sri-Lanka, and as a significant, endemic problem in Gabon, Indonesia, Malaysia and Thailand. The causative agent (Rigidoporus lignosus) persists on dead or live root debris for a long time, while causing new infections on healthy plants. This fungus has a wide host range (more than 100 woody species in the Ivory Coast have been recorded as being susceptible) and causes the greatest losses in plantations of H. brasiliensis and, to a lesser extent, of teak (Tectona grandis L.).
Copyright © 2017