Synonyms for kongjian or Related words with kongjian
Examples of "kongjian"
In 2011 Michael Sorkin, Ben van Berkel, Jo Noero, Odile Decq and Professor
Yu, and Tim MacFarlane were members of the jury.
"We glean from this work that Hong might have suffered, like his friend Yu
," say Aitken and Kwok (2006:173), "a disappointing departure from official life joining the increasing ranks of recluses in the towns and lake areas of the lower Yangzi River region."
In 1604, during the Wanli era of the Ming dynasty, Gu Xiancheng (1550–1612), a Grand Secretary, along with Gao Panlong (高攀龍; 1562–1626), a scholar, with fellow scholars Qian Yiben (錢一本) and Yu
(余孔兼) restored the Donglin Academy on the same site with financial backing from the local gentry and officials such as Ouyang Dongfeng (歐陽東風), the governor of Changzhou, and Lin Zai (林宰), the county magistrate of Wuxi. The academy gave its name to the resulting Donglin movement.
‘Negative Approach to Urban Planning’, also known as ‘negative approach’, ‘negative planning approach’ or simply ‘negative planning’, is a ‘landscape urbanism approach’. It is a new concept and terminology raise by Chinese landscape architect, Professor of Peking University YU
. Negative approach does not mean anti urban planning as its name may seem to suggest, nor does it simply refer to green space priority. It is a new approach to physical planning of cities and a landscape methodology of planning. It distinguishes itself from other theories as it is an innovation and a possibly practical way of solving urban planning problems in Chinese cities.
Traditionally, the two received "Caigentan" versions are identified by whether they list the author Hong's given name Yingming 應明 or courtesy name Zicheng 自誠. These two texts have three early prefaces. The first "Zicheng version" preface is by Yu
于孔兼, a contemporary friend who calls the author Hong Zicheng. The second and third "Yingming version" prefaces, dated 1768 and 1794, are by Suichutang zhuren 遂初堂主人 "Suichu Hall Master" and Sanshan bingfu Tongli 三山病夫通理 "Three Mountains Invalid Tongli".
Hong is a historically enigmatic figure. "Nothing is known about his life and career", write Goodrich and Fang (1976:678), except that he was a contemporary of Yu Kongqian 于孔兼, both of whom flourished during the Wanli Emperor's reign (1572–1620). Yu
was a high-ranking scholar-bureaucrat in Wanli's administration, but he resigned in 1588 after involvement in a controversy, returned to his birthplace in Jintan (Jiangsu Province), and devoted himself to writing and teaching, including lectures at the Donglin Academy. Yu's preface to the "Caigentan" provides the only early information about Hong Zicheng's life.
Scholarship tentatively dates the "Caigentan" between 1588 and 1591. Yu Kongjian's undated preface to the Zicheng version (tr. Vos 1991:171) provides internal evidence. It begins, "Sending [uninvited] visitors away, I am leading a retired life all by myself in a thatched cottage." The preface further says, "One day my friend Hung Tzu-ch'eng appeared with his "Ts'ai-ken t'an" which he showed to me begging me for a preface." In 1588, the Wanli Emperor (r. 1572–1620) demoted many scholar-bureaucrats involved in a scandal, including Yu
who retired to the lower Yangzi River valley, where he and his fellow exile Hong Zicheng lived. In 1591, the "Caigentan" was first published as an appendix to Gao Lian's "Zunsheng Bajian" 遵生八笺 "Eight Treatises on Nurturing Life". Thus, the "Caigentan" reasonably dates from 1588 to 1591.
Yu received his Doctor of Design Degree at The Harvard Graduate School of Design in 1995, with the dissertation, "Security Patterns in Landscape Planning: With a Case in South China". He has been a professor of urban and regional planning at Peking University since 1997, is the founder and Dean of the School of Landscape Architecture at PKU, and is now the College of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. He founded Turenscape in 1998, an internationally awarded firm with about 600 professionals. Yu and Turenscape's practice covers architecture, landscape architecture, and urban design, across scales. He is currently a Visiting Professor of Landscape Architecture, Department of Landscape Architecture, at the Harvard GSD, where he received his Doctor of Design.
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