Synonyms for landsturm or Related words with landsturm
Examples of "landsturm"
consisted of men aged 34 to 55 who belonged to the Austria k.k.
and the Hungarian k.u.
formed 40 regiments totaling 136 battalions in Austria and 32 regiments totaling 97 battalions in Hungary. The
was a reserve force intended to provide replacements for the first line units. However, the
provided 20 brigades who took to the field with the rest of the army.
The Austro-Hungarian "
" was a reserve force that consisted of men aged 34 to 55. It was intended to provide replacements for the front line units and provide a militia for local defense. It was divided into the Austrian K.u.K. ("Kaiserlich und Königlich", "Imperial and Royal")
and the Hungarian Kgl. ("Königlich", "Royal")
In Prussia after the
edict of 21 April 1813 all the male population from ages 15 to 60 who were capable of military service, who were not in the standing army or the "Landwehr", had to respond to the orders of the "
". It effectively formed the last national military reserve.
During the First World War, the Austrian
formed 40 regiments totaling 136 battalions in Austria and the Hungarian
formed 32 regiments totaling 97 battalions. They provided 20 Brigades who took to the field with the rest of the army.
In the Bavarian Army the oldest ages for compulsory military service since the army reform of 1868 was referred to as the "
On 25 July 1914, during the First World War, both pipelines became state-protected companies by Imperial Decree. As a result, monitoring of the lines, which was normally undertaken by city employees and volunteers, became the responsibility of the
In peacetime, the German Army only conscripted about half of those eligible to serve, as the population was too numerous for its establishment. The remainder were posted to the "
" or the "Ersatz" Reserve.
From 1866 there was general conscription. It was defined from 1868 by agreed, identical laws in both the Austrian and Hungarian halves of the Empire. They covered service in the army, the navy, the "Landwehr" and the "
The National Defence Act of 1887 specified that organizations formed for territorial defence were henceforth to be regarded as part of the armed forces, and were to be divided into the "Standschützen", supplemented by new firing ranges, and the "
In German-speaking countries, the term
was historically used to refer to militia or military units composed of troops of inferior quality. It is particularly associated with Prussia, Germany, Austria-Hungary, Sweden and the Netherlands.
The countess Lucy Christalnigg, first victim on the Isonzo Front, was a resident of Rožna Dolina. She was on her way back to Rožna Dolina in August 1914, when she was shot by two "
" guards at a roadblock.
The North German Confederation Act of 9 November 1867 about the obligation for wartime military service and the Reich law about the "
" of 12 February 1875 restricted the obligation to the period from 17 to 42 years of age.
A native of Linz, Langoth was the son of a miller and a flour merchant and qualified as a teacher in 1896. He began his political career as a nationalist member of the Landtag of Upper Austria in 1909. He served in the Austro-Hungarian Army as a lieutenant during the First World War and subsequently with the
Over the course of the war, other changes took place, including the formation of a signals command and a pioneer battalion. The remaining non-Prussian unit, the Saxon 107th Landwehr Infantry Regiment, was replaced by a Baden unit, the 438th Infantry Regiment. The 13th
Infantry Regiment was transferred out of the division. The order of battle on March 9, 1918 was as follows:
On 1 August 1914, after the First World War had broken out, 11
personnel, 10 Landwehr men, 10 reservists from Kempfeld had to go to war, and 15 recruits from the village found themselves in training. Even by early August, four men from Kempfeld had fallen; by Christmas it was seven.
In 1809, after the French model, the territorial forces were converted into a National Guard, which from 1814 to 1868 was known as the "Landwehr" of the Kingdom of Bavaria. During the 1868 reforms, the older classes of reserves became known as the "
". The "Landwehr" also took responsibility for supervising the veterans' associations.
The 42nd Home Guard Infantry Division consisting of the 25th, 26th, 27th and 28th Home Guard Infantry regiment under the Command of Stjepan Sarkotić took part in the battle against Serbia in August, 1914 together with the 104th
(pučko-ustaška) Brigade under the Command of Theodor Bekić.
The ranks Stabsfeldwebel, Stabsoberjäger, Stabsfeuerwerker and Stabswachtmeister were introduced to the k.u.k. armed forces in 1913. Before it was equivalent to the "Bezirksfeldwebel" (en: District-Sergeant) of the Gendarmerie (as part of the
; in Austria "Landwehr"). To the Feldwebel–uniform the Stabsfeldwebel/ Bezirksfeldwebel wore a headgear similar to the officers cap, however, without the characteristic golden officers distinction.
Unlike the German Empire, where the "Landwehr" mainly comprised reservists and volunteers, the Imperial-Royal "Landwehr" consisted of regular units. It was fully established with regular troops and not partly mobilized or cadred. The "Landwehr" should not be confused with the "
" which was a volunteer militia.
The existing state rifle regiments were to be trained as mountain troops and, together with the "
" border patrol companies and gendarmerie departments were to form the backbone of a territorial defence force with local knowledge on the border of Tyrol.
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