Synonyms for lecidea or Related words with lecidea
Examples of "lecidea"
The larva is bluish grey with orange markings along the back. It feeds exclusively on lichens such as "
" and "Xanthoria". This species overwinters as a larva.
is a genus of curstose lichens with a carbon black ring or outer margin (exciple) around the fruiting body disc (apothecium), usually (or always) found growing on (saxicolous) or in (endolithic) rock. Lichens that have such a black exciple are called lecideine, meaning "like "
", even if they are not in this genus. Members of the genus are commonly called disk lichens or tile lichens.
laboriosa is a species of lichen that grows inside solid rock (endolithic), with only the small black disc-like fruiting bodies (apothecia) visible above the rock surface. Unlike other members of the genus "
", the apothecia are not lecideine in that they either lack black margins (exciples) or have gray vertically striated margins. It grows all over the world in all climates. It might be the most common endolithic lichen in California.
It is classified by the fungus as being in the "
" genus of the Lecideaceae fungus family. Lichen spot tests are negative on both the cortex and medulla (K-, C-, KC-, P-).
Lecanora pringlei is a species of lichen in the family Lecanoraceae. It was originally described in 1883 as "
pringlei" by American botanist Edward Tuckerman. Ivan Mackenzie Lamb transferred it to "Lecanora" in 1939.
It resembles "
laboriosa" but produces schizopeltic acid as a metabolite, instead of 4-O-demethyl planaic acid. The name is from H.E. Hasse, who wrote the 1913 "Lichen Flora of Southern California".
Stirtoniella is a lichen genus in the family Ramalinaceae. It is a monotypic genus, containing the single species Stirtoniella kelica, a crustose and corticolous lichen originally described from New Zealand in 1873 as a species of "
". The photobiont is an alga of the family Chlorococcaceae. The lichen is named after Scottish mycologist James Stirton.
There is a rich "Lobaria" community including tree lungwort ("Lobaria pulmonaria") which grow on the oaks. A number of species are confined to north Cornwall and Devon, these include "Bombyliospora pachycarpa", "Graphina ruziana", "
carollii", "Melaspilea ochrothalamia", "Pannaria rubiginosa", "Parmeliellia atlantica" and "Parmeliellia plumbea". Other notable lichens include the blue-grey "Stricta limbata" and the yellow-orange "Pseudocyphellaria crocata".
Hermann Edward Hasse (12 January 1836 – 29 October 1915) was an American lichenologist. He wrote two important texts and numerous articles in his field. "
hassei", a lichen that grows inside solid rock (endolithic lichen), was named in his honor. He principally did his research in southern California. His correspondents included cryptogamic botanist William Gilson Farlow and lichenologist George Knox Merrill.
Carbonea is a genus of fungi in the Lecanoraceae family. Most of the species grow on lichens. The genus is widespread, and contains 20 species. "Carbonea" was originally circumscribed as a subgenus of "
" in 1967 before it was promoted to generic status in 1983.
lichen) is an endolithic lichen that appears as tiny black, gray rimmed, plate-like or crinkled discs between crystals of rock in California. The main body grows "inside" solid rock, which is called being, and the crinkled discs above the rock surface are the sexual reproduction structures. It is endemic to California, where it only grows in the lower montane belt, including in deserts and chaparral. It occurs in Joshua Tree National Park. The sexual reproduction structures (apothecia) are black, thinly rimmed (70-100 µm ) with unpigmented fungal tissue surrounding black discs in the middle, and up to 2.2 mm in diameter. They rise out of the rock in a flat to convex disc with a constricted base, giving the appearance of tiny raised plates. It grows in open areas on granite, schist, and other acidic rock.
Severnaya Zemlya is a polar desert with sparse vegetation and permafrost at less than . Rare vascular plants include species of "Cerastium" and "Saxifraga". Non-vascular plants include the moss genera "Detrichum", "Dicranum", "Pogonatum", "Sanionia", "Bryum", "Orthothecium" and "Tortula", as well as the lichen genera "Cetraria", "Thamnolia", "Cornicularia", "
", "Ochrolechia" and "Parmelia". Common flowering plants of the high Arctic such as the purple saxifrage ("Saxifraga oppositifolia") and the Arctic poppy ("Papaver radicatum") also occur on Severnaya Zemlya.
atrobrunnea is a crustose lichen in the Lecideaceae family, found in mountains of the continental western United States and Alaska. With other lichen communities, it forms dark vertical drip-like stripings along drainage tracks in the rock faces, resulting in Native Americans giving the name "Face of a Young Woman Stained with Tears" to Half Dome. It appears black from a distance, but brown up close.
The apothecium has a layer of exposed spore-producing cells called asci (singular – ascus), and is usually a different color from the thallus tissue. When the apothecium has an outer margin, the margin is called the exciple. When the exciple has a color similar to colored thallus tissue the apothecium or lichen is called lecanorine, meaning similar to members of the genus "Lecanora". When the exciple is blackened like carbon it is called lecideine meaning similar to members of the genus "
". When the margin is pale or colorless it is called biatorine.
Josiah Lincoln Lowe (13 February 1905 – 30 April 1997) was an American mycologist who specialized in the study of polypores. Lowe was born in Hopewell, New Jersey, where he attended primary school and high school. In 1927, he graduated with a bachelor of science degree from the State University of New York in Syracuse, and he received a doctorate from the University of Michigan in 1938, with Calvin H. Kauffman and Edwin Butterworth Mains as his main academic supervisors. His doctoral thesis was entitled "The genus "
" in the Adirondack Mountains of New York". That year, he started his academic career at the College of Forestry, a position he held for almost 40 years. He retired in 1975 and became an emeritus professor. Lowe was the president of the Mycological Society of America in 1960. In the 1980s, Lowe was diagnosed with Alzheimer's Disease; he died in Syracuse.
The dark vertical stains along the drainage tracks are either mosses, or of four color types of lichen, each with a slightly different color. Appearing black from a distance, but brown up close, is the abundant "
atrobrunnea". "Atro" is from the Latin for "black", and "brunnea" for brown. Also abundant in these black-from-a-distance stripes are "Dimelaena thysanota" and dark gray "Rhizocarpon" species. More gray appearing vertical stripes have "Aspecilia" species and "Koerberia sonomensis" as major components. "Staurothele areolata" and other species of "Staurothele" and "Verrucaria" appear dark brown closer up. The blackest of the black are likely "Nostoc" species, containing cyanobacteria. Mixed in are green to dark green stripes that contain mosses.
Both flora and fauna are scarce owing to the harsh climate. Vegetation of the sea is mostly represented by diatoms, with more than 100 species. In comparison, the number of green algae, blue-green algae and flagellate species is about 10 each. The phytoplankton is characteristic of brackish waters and has a total concentration of about 0.2 mg/L. There are about 30 species of zooplankton with the concentration reaching 0.467 mg/L. The coastal flora mainly consists of mosses and lichens and a few flowering plants including Arctic poppy ("Papaver radicatum"), "Saxifraga", "Draba" and small populations of polar ("Salix polaris") and creeping ("Salicaceae") willows. Rare vascular plants include species of "Cerastium" and "Saxifraga". Non-vascular plants include the moss genera "Detrichum", "Dicranum", "Pogonatum", "Sanionia", "Bryum", "Orthothecium" and "Tortura", as well as the lichen genera "Cetraria", "Thamnolia", "Cornicularia", "
", "Ochrolechia" and "Parmelia".
Trees, shrubs and tall plants cannot survive. About 150 species of bryophytes dominate the grassy turf, of which two-thirds are mosses and a third liverworts. The most common species are "Aulacomnium", "Ditrichum", "Drepanocladus", "Orthothecium" and "Tomenthypnum". More than 100 species of lichen are found on the island, the most common being "Caloplaca", "Lecanora", "
", "Ochrolechia" and "Rinodina". There are sixteen species of grass and about 100 species of algae, most commonly Cyanophyta and Diatomea. Fifty-seven species of vascular plants have been reported. The most common are Arctic poppy and saxifraga, which grow everywhere, independent of habitat, with the latter's nine species being found on all islands. A common plant in wet areas is alpine foxtail and buttercups, while polar willow is common in wet areas. "Alopercurus aplinus" and "Papaver dahlianum" are the tallest plants, able to reach heights of .
Crustose lichens can be found in a wide range of areas. They can be found, among others, together with epiphytic algae and liverworts, living on the surfaces of leaves of tropical evergreen trees and shrubs. They also thrive in carbonate-rich karst areas. In southern China, it has been estimated that 5-30% of rock outcrops in bare karst areas and 30-70% in forest karst areas are covered with crustose lichens. Crustose lichens also flourish in extreme environments. Various species of crustose lichens, including "Biatora granulosa" and "
uliginosa," were found covering recently-burned surfaces caused by a subarctic forest fire in an area near the Great Slave Lake. Crustose lichens also grow in areas of high elevations, such as the western Himalayan region. Concentrations of terricolous crustose lichens were highest in areas of higher elevation, relative to other foliose and fruticose lichens. In areas of high pollution, the majority of lichens are killed and are the first plants to disappear in cities due to their high sensitivity to atmospheric pollutants. Nonetheless, surrounding the central area of cities in which most plants cannot thrive, crustose lichens "Physcia" or "Xanthoria" have been found growing, although they do fall short of natural development and size. The crustose lichen "Lecanora conizaeoides" is another highly resilient species, and remarkably seems to only grow in industrial areas of the United Kingdom.
The woodland is between Crackington Haven and Millook and runs for approximately between the coastal path and the shore. Of international importance for its lichen communities, the ″dwarf ″ woodland at Dizzard Point () grows on exposed, unstable cliffs with a canopy dominated by sessile oak ("Quercus petraea"). Other woodland trees recorded are pendunculate oak ("Q. robur"), rowan ("Sorbus aucuparia") and wild service-tree ("S. torminalis"). The maximum height of the canopy is from one to eight metres depending on exposure to the salt–laden, unpolluted winds and the trees are covered with Lobarion communities of lichens; the main species are "Lobaria pulmonaria", "Lobaria scrobiculata", "Parmeliella atlantica", "Parmeliella plumbea" and "Pseudocyphellaria crocata", which is known from only one other site in England and Wales. Other lichens rarities include "Bombyliospora pachycarpa", "Graphina ruiziana", "
carollii", "Melaspilea ochrothalmia" and "Pannaria rubiginosa". The ground flora consists of a base rich plant community with ramsons ("Allium ursinum"), lords and ladies ("Arum maculatum") and meadowsweet ("Filipendula ulmaria") in the wetter areas. Otherwise the ground flora is heath-like with ling ("Calluna vulgaris") and bilberry ("Vaccinium myrtillus") as the dominate species, and cow wheat ("Melampyrum pratense") and hay-scented buckler-fern ("Dryopteris aemula") also occurring. Management by the National Trust includes the removal of invasive sycamore ("Acer pseudoplatanus") and maintenance of the coastal footpath from where the wood can be observed as there is no public access.
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