Synonyms for lunular or Related words with lunular
Examples of "lunular"
The length of the forewings is 9-11.5 mm for males and 13-13.5 mm for females. Adults are greyish white, both wings with a transverse discal zigzag band, composed of purplish lunules with black-speckled inner borders. Beyond the
band is a very indistinct pale purplish-brown
line and a marginal row of black dots. In females, the
band has a confluent purplish-brown line and the outer line and marginal black dots are more distinct.
The specific name is derived from the Latin "lunulatus" (meaning
) and refers to the shape of cornutus.
The hindwing has transverse bands of the ground colour enclosed and defined as on the forewing by short slender
lines of white as follows:
larger spot at the end and a discal line of
spots joined together from the costa at one third, curving inwards, then outwards, then bent inwardly to below the outer cell-spot and downwards to the hindmargin just beyond the middle. The hindwings have a discal line with a straight, rather thick band running right through it, leaving the outwardly curved portion of the line only visible. Both wings have a marginal
thick line, with the extreme margin ochreous.
Adults are uniform dark olivaceous brown, the forewings with a brown ringlet in the upper centre of the cell and brown-ringed
mark at the upper end. There is a
discal yellowish line curving outwards above and bent inwards below, the lunules marked inwardly with dark brown. There are also two small brown patches, one above the other, on the hindmargin just beyond the middle, inside the line where it extends downwards from the bend. A corresponding
line is found on the hindwings. It is marked similarly, having a great outward curve in its centre, a yellowish spot inside the cell, with an adjoining brown mark on its inner side. The marginal line of both wings is brown.
Larva dark brown; dorsal and lateral lines pale; subdorsal lines formed of dark
blotches: spiracles black; head glossy black. The larvae feed on smooth hawksbeard, "Hieracium pilosella" , "Taraxacum" and alfalfa. preferring the roots.
The forewings are brownish fawn, thickly irrorated with white scales and with a small V-shaped brown mark on the costal close to the apex, as well as a brown mark along the outer margin. There is a curved line of black
-shaped marks extending from the apex to the inner margin above the anal angle. The hindwings are pale yellow, crossed below the middle by two fawn-coloured bands of
-shaped marks, the first not reaching the costal margin. There are three patches of dark-brown hairs on the inner margin.
Upperside. Dark brown, almost black, the margins between the nervures with
white spots; very narrow on the anterior wing; much broader on the posterior wing, which is without tails. Anterior wings with longitudinal rays on each side of the nervures, of light brown, extending from the middle to the exterior margin. Posterior wing with a row of three brownish-grey
spots between the median nervules, and a spot at the anal angle, above which is a row of three small faintly marked spots of same colour.
Adults are aenescent-yellow, the forewings with three very prominent oblique, transverse, discal purple brown-speckled bands, the two inner bands linear and curved, the outer one composed of broad lunules. There is an inner series of three less oblique, very indistinct, and sparsely speckled bands. The hindwings have a distinct submarginal broad purple brown-speckled
In dry-weather specimens these markings are very short and do not nearly reach the bases of the interspaces; beyond these a curved series of subterminal
markings in interspaces one to seven dull crimson irrorated with black scales, the spot in interspace one large, irregular, diffuse, margined interiorly with white.
The wings are uniform greyish-olive, with a brown mark at the end of each cell. The forewings have a small brown spot within the cell. The exterior line starts with two white
marks at the costa. It is continued across the hind wings. The marginal points are black.
Markings on the forewing include a discal, transverse, slender, chestnut-brown
line, bent inwards above vein 5, and bordered outwardly by a series of dark spots. The large black spot in interspace 1 is the same as that on the upperside. There are inner and outer transverse subterminal series of small dentate spots.
Race "ceylonica": Upperside vandyke-brown to dark sepia-brown. Forewing uniform, with the usual single preapical ocellus. Hindwing: posterior half, sometimes less than hall:, pure white, with two or three small posterior ocelli, a
incomplete subterminal and an even slender terminal brown line. Underside white.with somewhat sparse, short, delicate, fine transverse brown stride, getting denser towards the apex of the forewing. Tore wing with the ocellus, a brown ring surrounding it very broad and very broadly and diffusely produced downwards, discal and subterminal transverse fascial obscure. Hindwing with four ocelli in a curve, the anal bi-pupilled; traces of a discal transverse brown fascia and of a
subterminal brown line. Antennae, head, thorax and abdomen brown; abdomen white beneath. Wingspan of 34-40 mm. Found in Bengal, Orissa; S. India, the Nilgiris, Travancore: Ceylon.
Female. Similar. Upperside: ground colour brownish black; forewing with the internervular pale streaks broader and more prominent, a small spot of red at base of wing; hindwing with an additional oval while spot in the interspace below the white spots in interspaces 3 and 4, and postdiscal
markings in interspaces 1 to 4. Of these the lunules in 1 and 2 are red, in 3 white irrorated with a few red scales, and in 4 pure white. Underside similar to that in the male, the red at base of wings more extended, the white discal spot in interspace 2 very small, irrorated with red scales; the postdiscal,
and admarginal spots larger, with a white postdiscal lunule in interspace 4. Antennae, head, thorax and abdomen similar to those of the male but the red of a paler tint.
Upperside of both sexes pale lavender-brown, apical half of wings paler. Forewing: cell with, three transverse, short, sinuous black bands, the outermost defining the discocellulars; a similar short, somewhat broader band beyond apex of cell; two transverse discal dusky black fasciae, the inner highly sinuous and outward, angulate above vein 4, the outer straighter, somewhat
, bordered by a series of whitish ovals with dusky or black centres. The black-centred spots in the ovals in interspaces 2, 5, and 6 margined posteriorly with rich ochraceous yellow. Beyond this series of ovals is a
, narrow, transverse dark band, followed by sinuous subterminal and terminal broad dark lines. Apex of wing slightly fuliginous. Hindwing: a short slender black loop from veins 6 to 4 at apex of cell-area; two discal sinuous transverse dark, fasciae in continuation of those on the forewing: followed by a series of dark-centred ovals in interspaces 2–6, the ovals in interspaces 2, 5, and 6 with the dark centres inwardly broadly bordered with ochreous yellow; postdiscal, subterminal and terminal dark
lines as on the forewing.
Underside. Anterior wing with longitudinal rays of pale brown, narrowing from the centre of the wing to the interior margin to a band of same colour as the spot. The posterior wing has at the base of the costa, and between the costal and subcostal nervures, two broad lines of red, the latter nearly twice as long as the former, the large spot as above continued across the wing to the inner margin by a narrow band of
spots of same colour ; there is a small spot of same colour at the anal angle, and another at the tip of the tail ; the
spots between the nervures on the margin are more strongly marked than on the upperside
Underside: grey. Forewing: a dusky brown
line on the discocellulars; two subcostal spots above the cell, one on either side of the discocellular lunule; a very strongly curved discal series of five spots, of which the posterior three are somewhat
in shape and placed obliquely "en echelon", the next above these hook shaped, the anterior spot round; both the subcostal spots and the spots of the discal series are black, each narrowly encircled with white; beyond these are inner and outer subterminal dusky lines, which anteriorly are continuous, posteriorly somewhat broken and macular, followed by a very conspicuous jet-black anticiliary slender line. Cilia greyish white, traversed by a medial transverse blackish-brown line. Hindwing: with the following small white-encircled black spots: a subbasal transverse series of three, followed by a highly curved series of eight spots, that curve across the disc of the wing to the costa and along the latter towards the base; discocellulars with a dusky short
line as on the forewing; terminal markings and cilia similar, but the outer and broader subterminal line more broken and macular than on the forewing. Antennae black, the shafts ringed with white; head, thorax and abdomen dark brown, with a little violet pubescence on the head and thorax; beneath: palpi, thorax and abdomen greyish white.
Pliessnig is a graduate of Rhode Island School of Design and the University of Wisconsin (Madison). His interest in woodworking developed after he decided to build a boat and was inspired to apply those techniques, particularly steam bending of wood strips around a mold, to furniture making. The New York Times reported that his studio "looks more akin to a boat-builder’s garage than an icy SoHo loft, which makes sense when you consider the
shapes of Pliessnig’s chairs."
Females differ on the upperside with the postdiscal transverse
band on the forewing more heavily marked throughout and much broader anteriorly than in "C. marmax" and on the underside the ground colour is purplish tawny as in the male but much paler, the basal half of both forewing and hindwing a shade darker than the terminal half, the oblique postdiscal slate-black band on the hindwing broad and outwardly diffuse.
The wingspan is about 11 mm. The wings are dark fawn, dusted with paler. There is a paler line near the base and a pale lunule at the end of the cell, as well as pale darker-edged spot midway between them. The subterminal line is pale and there are three pale, dark-edged
marks on the costa. The hindwings have faint traces of a central and submarginal paler line.
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