Synonyms for magadhan or Related words with magadhan
Examples of "magadhan"
These languages derive from
His English works include: "
Literature", "Sanskrit Culture in Modern India", and "Discovery of Living Buddhism in Bengal".
According to him, Magadhi Prakrit, keeping north of the Ganga river, gave rise to the Kamarupa Apabhramsa dialects of Western Assam and North Bengal. He divides
dialects regionwise as Radha, Varendra, Kamarupa and Vanga
According to him, Magadhi Prakrit, keeping north of the Ganga river, gave rise to the Kamarupa Apabhramsa dialects of Western Assam and North Bengal. Chatterjee divides
dialects regionwise as Radha, Varendra, Kamarupa and Vanga
religions are termed the sramana traditions and include Jainism, Buddhism and Ājīvika. Buddhism and Jainism were the religions promoted by the early
kings of such as Srenika, Bimbisara and Ajatashatru, and the Nanda Dynasty (345–321 BCE) that followed was mostly Jain. These sramana religions did not worship the Vedic deities, practiced some form of asceticism and meditation (jhana) and tended to construct round burial mounds (called stupas in Buddhism). These religions also sought some type of liberation from the cyclic rounds of rebirth and karmic retribution through spiritual knowledge.
Looking round to see whom he could convince to honour him he decided to approach Prince Ajātasattu, the heir to the
throne. Having psychic power he assumed the form of a young boy clad in snakes and sat in the Prince’s lap, which very much impressed the prince, who became his disciple.
The "Ariyapariyesana Sutta" describes how the Buddha was dissatisfied with the teachings of Alara Kalama and Uddaka Ramaputta, wandered further through
country, and then found "an agreeable piece of ground" which served for striving. The sutra then only says that he attained Nibbana.
There are Buddha idols in the fields and a Buddha statue in the temple in Thiyaganur village near Aragalur. There is a possibility that descendants of the
Empire could have settled in this area on their way south to Sri Lanka.
The earliest Buddhist texts were passed down orally in Middle Indo-Aryan languages called Prakrits, including Gāndhārī language, the early
language and Pali through the use of repetition, communal recitation and mnemonic devices. Doctrinal elaborations were preserved in Abhidharma works and later Karikas (verse expositions). As Buddhism spread geographically, these texts were translated into the local language, such as Chinese and Tibetan.
Both Mahishmati and Ujjaini stood on the "southern high road" called "Dakshinapatha" extending from Rajagriha to Pratishthana (modern Paithan). Avanti was an important center of Buddhism and some of the leading "theras" and "theris" were born and resided there. King Nandivardhana of Avanti was defeated by king Shishunaga of Magadha. Avanti later became part of
Indian national newspaper "The Hindu" said: "... the book draws from Indian history to such good effect that one can't help wondering if things actually did happen this way. Another interesting aspect of the book is the dismantling of each legend associated with the Buddha. Life in the
Empire is also portrayed with an eye to historical accuracy. Quotes from Ashokan edicts... which we know of as history but couldn't really relate to... now come alive with a new imagery..."
The Kambojans and Gandharans, however, never came into direct contact with the
state until Chandragupta and Kautiliya arose on the scene. But these nations also fell prey to the Achaemenids of Persia during the reign of Cyrus (558–530 BCE) or in the first year of Darius. Kamboja and Gandhara formed the twentieth and richest strapy of the Achaemenid Empire. Cyrus I is said to have destroyed the famous Kamboja city called Kapisi (modern Begram) in Paropamisade.
Shishunaga ruled from 413 BCE to 395 BCE. Initially, his capital was Rajagriha and Vaishali was his second royal residence. Later he shifted his capital to Vaishali. His most significant achievement was the destruction of the 'glory' of the Pradyota dynasty of the Avanti kingdom. Most probably the king of Avanti whom Shishunaga humbled was Avantivardhana. The
victory must have been helped by the revolution that placed Aryaka on the thone of Ujjayini.
The Mallas, like the Licchavis, are mentioned by Manusmriti as Vratya Kshatriyas. They are called Vasishthas (Vasetthas) in the Mahapparnibbana Suttanta. The Mallas originally had a monarchical form of government but later they switched to one of Samgha (republic), the members of which called themselves "rajas". The Mallas appeared to have formed an alliance with the Licchhavis for self-defense but lost their independence not long after Buddha's death and their dominions were annexed to the
Chandragupta Maurya incorporated the west coast of India in his province of Aparanta, and the impact of
Prakrit, the official language of the Mauryan Empire, on the local dialects resulted in the formation of early Konkani, as was the case with other Aryan vernaculars. During this era Buddhism was introduced to Goa. Similarly a native Goan named Purna, also known as Punna in Pali, who traveled to Sarnath is considered a direct disciple of Buddha, who popularised Buddhism in Goa in 5th century BC.
The Magadha Empire was established very likely by King Jarasandha, who was a son of Brihadratha, as it stated in the Puranas, one of the descendants of eponymical Puru. Jarasandha appears in the Mahabharatha as the "
Emperor who rules all India" and meets with an unceremonious ending. His descendants, according to the Vayu Purana, ruled Magadha for 1000 years followed by the Pradyota dynasty which ruled for 138 years. However, these rulers are mentioned in the Hindu texts, Buddhist texts and Jaina texts.
Between the Vatsas and the realm of Anga, lived the Magadhas, who initially were comparatively a weak people. A great struggle went on between the Angas and its eastern neighbors. The "Vidhura Pandita Jataka" describes Rajagriha (the
Capital) as the city of Anga and Mahabharata also refers to a sacrifice performed by the king of Anga at "Mount Vishnupada" (at Gaya). This indicates that Anga had initially succeeded in annexing the Magadhas, and thus its borders extended to the kingdom of Matsya country.
The Mallas, like the Licchavis, are mentioned by "Manusmriti" as Vratya Kshatriyas. They are called Vasishthas (Vasetthas) in the Mahapparnibbana Suttanta. The Mallas were a brave and warlike people. Jainism and Buddhism found many followers among the Mallas. The Mallas originally had a monarchical form of government but later they switched to Gana (republic or non-monarchial) of which the members called themselves "rajas". The Gana were taking decisions from their Santhagara. The Mallas appeared to have formed alliance with Lichchhavis for self-defense. They however, lost their independence not long after Buddha’s death and their dominions were annexed to the
Bengali ( "Bangla") is one of the
languages, evolved from Magadhi Prakrit and Pali languages. The core of Bengali vocabulary is thus etymologically of Magadhi Prakrit and Pali languages. However, centuries of major borrowing and reborrowing from Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Sanskrit, Austroasiatic languagess and other languages has led to the adoption of a wide range of words with foreign origins. Thus making the origins of borrowed and reborrowed words in the Bengali vocabulary numerous and diverse, due to centuries of contact with various languages.
Even during the Harappan Period (ca 2300 BCE) silver was extracted from "argentiferous galena". Silver "Kārshāpaṇas" show lead impurity but no association with gold. The internal chronology of "Kārshāpaṇa" and the marks of distinction between the coins issued by the Janapadas and the
issues is not known, the Arthashastra of Kautilya speaks about the role of the "Lakshanadhyaksha" ('the Superintendent of Mint') who knew about the symbols and the "Rupadarshaka" ('Examiner of Coins'), but has remained silent with regard to the construction, order, meaning and background of the punched symbols on these coins hence their exact identification and dating has not been possible.
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