Synonyms for meisn or Related words with meisn
Examples of "meisn"
Early in 2007, Austin Mast and Kevin Thiele transferred all "Dryandra" taxa to "Banksia". The current name for this species is therefore "Banksia vestita" (Kippist ex
.) A.R.Mast & K.R.Thiele. As an interim measure, Mast and Thiele placed all but one "Dryandra" taxon in "Banksia" ser. "Dryandra".
"Dryandra floribunda" having been overturned in favour of "Dryandra sessilis" in 1924, in 1996 Alex George transferred var. "cordata" from the former to the latter species. The current name changed again in 2007, when Austin Mast and Kevin Thiele transferred "Dryandra" into "Banksia"; thus the variety's current full name is "Banksia sessilis" var. "cordata" (
.) A.R.Mast & K.R.Thiele.
Otto Kuntze transferred "Dryandra" to "Josephia" in 1890, republishing "D. vestita" as "Josephia vestita" (Kippist ex
.) Kuntze, but his changes were not accepted by the wider scientific community. In 1999, Alex George placed the species in "Dryandra" subgenus "Dryandra", series "Gymnocephalae".
When Carl Meissner published his arrangement of "Banksia" in 1856, he demoted both of Brown's subgenera to sectional rank, maintaining "B." sect. "Isostylis" (R.Br.)
. as a monospecific taxon containing only "B. ilicifolia". Meissner's rank and circumscription of "Isostylis" was retained by George Bentham in his 1870 arrangement for "Flora Australiensis", but Bentham also published a putative variety of "B. ilicifolia", "B. i." var. "integrifolia", based on specimens collected by Ludwig Preiss near the Swan River in Western Australia. This was later overturned.
Banksia hewardiana is a shrub endemic to Western Australia. It was first published as Dryandra hewardiana by Carl Meissner in 1856. In 1870, George Bentham published what he held to be a closely related species under the name "Dryandra patens", but in 1999 Alex George declared this a synonym of "D. hewardiana". In 2007, all "Dryandra" species were transferred to "Banksia" by Austin Mast and Kevin Thiele; hence the current name of the species is "Banksia hewardiana" (
.) A.R.Mast & K.R.Thiele.
The species was first formally described by botanist Charles Lemaire in 1844 and published in "Horticulteur Francais" as "Brachysema lanceolatum". In 2002 botanists Gregory Chandler and Michael Crisp reassigned the species to the genus "Gastrolobium" along with other "Brachysema" species and gave it the current name. The variety "B.l." var. "glabrescens"
. was made a species in its own right and named "Gastrolobium bracteolosum" (Crisp) G.Chandler & Crisp.
This species was first published as "Anadenia flexuosa" by John Lindley in his 1839 "A Sketch of the Vegetation of the Swan River Colony", based on unspecified material. Lindley referred to it there as "a singular species, allied to "A. pulchella", with most curious zigzag leaves". In 1845, "Anadenia" was demoted to a section of "Grevillea" by Carl Meissner, and this species was thus transferred to "Grevillea" as "Grevillea flexuosa" (Lindl.)
.. It has since had a fairly uncomplicated taxonomic history, the only incident being the publication by George Bentham in 1870 of a variety, "G. flexuosa" var. "pauciloba", which was subsequently found to be a taxonomic synonym of "G. synapheae".
Xylomelum benthamii is a plant in the woody pear genus of the Proteaceae family. It was formerly considered a variety of "Xylomelum pyriforme". It is native to south-eastern Queensland, Australia, and was described from material collected on 25 June 1829 on the Brisbane River some 140 km north-west of what is now Brisbane, the state capital. It was mistakenly linked with the name "Xylomelum salicinum" (
.) Benth., and was given the replacement name "X. benthamii" in 2007 by A.E. Orchard, with the specific epithet honouring botanist George Bentham.
The species was first collected by James Drummond in the 1840s, from a location described simply as "south-western W.A." Richard Kippist subsequently named and formally described the species, and Kippist's description was published in 1855 by Carl Meissner in "Hooker's Journal of Botany and Kew Garden Miscellany". It was placed in the genus "Dryandra", and given the specific name "vestita" from the Latin "vestitus" ("clothed"), in reference to the hairy bracts that cover the lower parts of new shoots. Thus its name was for a time "Dryandra vestita" Kippist ex
Back in Stuttgart, Krauss was appointed to the Natural History Museum of which he became director in 1856, partly because of the reputation he acquired from his published works. In 1880 he was honoured with a decoration entitling him to be called Dr. Ferdinand von Krauss. His factual and rather dry accounts provided an accurate record of conditions in the Cape, in particular his description of the Zulus and their way of life has been found most reliable. Some of his collections were worked out and published by Christian Ferdinand Friedrich Hochstetter (1787–1860), Carl Daniel Friedrich Meisner (1800–1874), Bernhardi, Buchinger, Johann Friedrich Klotzsch, Julius von Flotow (1788–1856) and Carl (Karl) Heinrich `Bipontinus' Schultz (1805–1867) - his cryptogams were dealt with by Theodor Ludwig Wilhelm Bischoff, Karl Wilhelm Ludwig Bruch, Hering, Eduard von Martens, Gustav Kunze (1793–1851) and Johann Bernhard Wilhelm Lindenberg (1781–1851). From a summary given in "Flora" vol. 29 pp 216–19, Krauss collected 2,308 species (mostly flowering plants) of which 340 species and 34 genera were new to science. Not all were upheld, but many were named for him - "Kraussia" Harv., "Combretum kraussii" Hochst., "Cussonia kraussii" Hochst., "Adenandra kraussii"
., "Vernonia kraussii" Sch.Bip., "Pavonia kraussiana" Hochst., "Aspalathus kraussiana"
. and many more.
Despite this possible early collection, it would not be until 1850 or 1851 that James Drummond collected the plant material upon which would be based the formal publication of "B. victoriae". He collected the species only once, probably from near the Hutt River, and his material was sent to England as part of "Drummond's sixth collection". In 1855 Carl Meissner published a formal description of the species in "Hooker's Journal of Botany and Kew Garden Miscellany", referring to it as "a noble species, very near "B. speciosa", but easily distinguished by the segments of the leaves being larger, flat, not white underneath, nor scrobiculate above, etc.". He named it in honour of Queen Victoria; thus the full name for the species is "Banksia victoriae"
. He appears to have been unaware of the 1835 plate that would later be attributed to "B. victoriae".
Although Meissner did not proffer an infrageneric placement for "B. victoriae" in his 1855 publication of the species, he did so the following year in his chapter on the Proteaceae for A. P. de Candolle's "Prodromus systematis naturalis regni vegetabilis". Under Meissner's taxonomic arrangement of Banksia, "B. victoriae" was placed in section "Eubanksia", series "Dryandroideae". This arrangement stood until 1870, which George Bentham published his arrangement, in which he placed the species in section "Orthostylis". A major disruption to "Banksia"
s taxonomic nomenclature occurred in 1890, when Otto Kuntze challenged "Banksia" L.f. on the grounds that "Banksia" J.R.Forst & G.Forst had precedence. He proposed to transfer all "Banksia" species to the new genus "Sirmuellera", but this was rejected, and "Sirmuellera victoriae" (
.) Kuntze is now considered a nomenclatural synonym of "B. victoriae".
This species was first collected by James Drummond in the late 1840s, and sent to England in Supplement 19 to his 5th Collection. The first mention of the species occurred in 1852, when Meissner published "A list of the Proteaceae collected in south-western Australia by Mr. James Drummond" in "Hooker's Journal of Botany and Kew Garden Miscellany". This list includes an entry for this specimen under the name "Dryandra speciosa "
. MSS."". Four years later, Meissner formally published this name in his chapter on the Proteaceae in A. P. de Candolle's "Prodromus systematis naturalis regni vegetabilis". No etymology was given for the specific epithet, but it is accepted that it comes from the Latin "speciosus" ("showy"), and refers to the attractive inflorescences; if so then this is somewhat inappropriate since the flowers tend to be obscured by foliage.
The description of "E. abyssinica" has been complicated, because the first specimen of Erythrina from Ethiopia (Abyssinia) brought to Europe was actually a mix of the two species. The flowers and leaves belonged to "E. brucei" Schweinfurth (1868) and the pod and seeds to "E. abyssinica" Lam. ex DC (1825). In addition, the first three descriptions were invalid, i.e. not published correctly to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (syn. "E. kuara" James Bruce (1790), "E. abyssinica" Lam. (1786) and "E. tomentosa" Robert Brown (1814)). Furthermore, the species is variable with individuals with glabrous and hairy (tomentose) leaves which were described separately and after revision resulted in additional synonyms (syn. "E. tomentosa" R. Brown ex A. Rich. (1847)). The number of synonyms increased when a new genus was described from South Africa (Chirocalyx
.), which later was considered synonymous with Erythrina ("Ch. tomentosa" Hochstetter and "Ch. abyssinica" Hochstetter). Finally, "E. abyssinica" was considered for some time the juvenile stage of "E. brucei" and hence synonymous with the latter species. The issue was settled in 1962 when the pods and seeds from "E. brucei" were collected which were different from those of "E. abyssinica". Consecutively, the seeds planted revealed that seedlings and saplings of "E. brucei" did not resemble those of "E. abyssinica".
Robert Brown described 31 species of "Banksia" in his 1810 work "Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae et Insulae Van Diemen", including six taxa ("B. marginata" α and β plus four further species) now attributable to "B. marginata". He split the genus into two subgenera, placing these species in subgenus "Banksia verae", the "True Banksias". He described "Banksia australis" R.Br., giving the location of the collection as Port Phillip Bay in Victoria in 1802 (having crossed out Van Diemen's Land 1804). Brown's other collections which were reduced to synonymy with "B. marginata" were "Banksia depressa" R.Br., a prostrate shrub from Margate Rivulet in southeastern Tasmania, "Banksia insularis" R.Br., from Flinders and King Island, and "Banksia patula" R.Br., a shrub from the vicinity of Port Lincoln, South Australia. The French naturalist Aimé Bonpland in 1816 called it "Banksia marcescens" Bonpl., deemed an "illegitimate name", as by that time the name "Banksia marginata" already had been published. Still more synonyms are "Banksia ferrea" Vent. ex Spreng. and "Banksia gunnii"
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