Synonyms for membracidae or Related words with membracidae


Examples of "membracidae"
The larvae prey on Coccidae and Membracidae species.
Centrotus is a genus of 'treehoppers' belonging to the family Membracidae.
Umbonia spinosa is a species of Membracidae (also known as Treehoppers) native to South America.
Centrotus cornutus (thorn-hopper) is a species of 'treehoppers' belonging to the family Membracidae.
Aconophora compressa is a species of insect in the treehopper family, Membracidae. It is known by the common names lantana bug, lantana treehopper, lantana stemsucking treehopper, and lantana sap-sucking bug.
The authors are amateur entomologists from different countries: Canada, Costa-Rica, France, Japan, Madagascar, Venezuela, West Indies. They are mainly Patrick Arnaud (Cetoniinae, Lucanidae and Scarabaeidae), Hugues Bomans (Lucanidae), Tetsuo Miyashita (Dynastinae and Lucanidae), Marc Soula (Rutelinae). Lydie Arnaud described several new Membracidae. The journal is not peer reviewed.
Within the latter, the three traditional superfamilies – Cercopoidea (froghoppers and spittlebugs), Cicadoidea (cicadas) and Membracoidea – appear to be monophyletic. The leafhoppers are the most basal living lineage of Membracoidea, which otherwise include the families Aetalionidae (aetalionid treehoppers), Membracidae (typical treehoppers and thorn bugs), Melizoderidae and the strange Myerslopiidae.
The larva of "Setabis lagus" (Riodininae: Nymphidiini), is predatory. There are records of predation on larvae of "Horiola" species (family Membracidae) as well as scale insects (Coccidae). Predatory feeding has also been shown in "Alesa amesis". A number of species associate and are protected by ants during one or more stages of their life cycle.
Parental care is found in many species of Hemiptera especially in members of the Membracidae and numerous Heteroptera. In many species of shield bug, females stand guard over their egg clusters to protect them from egg parasitoids and predators. In the aquatic Belostomatidae, females lay their eggs on the back of the male which guards the eggs. Protection provided by ants is common in the Auchenorrhyncha.
Treehoppers (more precisely typical treehoppers to distinguish them from the Aetalionidae) and thorn bugs are members of the family Membracidae, a group of insects related to the cicadas and the leafhoppers. About 3,200 species of treehoppers in over 400 genera are known. They are found on all continents except Antarctica; only three species are known from Europe. Individual treehoppers usually live for only a few months.
The superfamily Membracoidea includes two of the largest families among what used to be the "Homoptera"; the leafhoppers (Cicadellidae) and the treehoppers (Membracidae). The other families in this group are quite small, and have, at various points, generally been included as members within other families, though they are all presently considered to be valid, monophyletic groups. The odd, relictual family Myerslopiidae is one of the most recently described of all Hemipteran families.
Many species of arthropods have been observed inhabiting "O. revolutus" plants, including members of the families Sminthuridae, Entomobryidae, Membracidae, Curculionidae, and Miridae, and species from the genera "Diaea", "Rhyzobius", and "Nannochorista". "Orites revolutus" supports a higher arthropod diversity than the generally co-dominant "O. acicularis", possibly due to the plant’s more complex shape (and therefor niche mosaic), although this diversity is only evident in full sized plants. Consistent with this higher diversity is a reduction in ecological dominance by a handful of taxa.
In most winged insects, the structure of each successive notum is quite variable; in the Neoptera, the main flight muscles insert on the notum, so the segment that bears the main pair of wings is typically the one with the most highly developed notum. For example, in Diptera, Hymenoptera, and Lepidoptera, the mesonotum is the most hypertrophied sclerite, and is commonly called the scutum. However, there are other groups of insects in which, for reasons other than flight, the pronotum is hypertrophied, such as in all beetles (Coleoptera), and most treehoppers (family Membracidae, order Hemiptera).
Ignaz Matausch (September 1, 1859 – December 14, 1915) was an Austrian-American artist and entomologist known for his models of insects and other invertebrates at the American Museum of Natural History. Born in Budweis, he emigrated to the United States in 1892 and resided in Cleveland, Ohio, until 1904, when he became a member of the modeling staff of the American Museum. He was known for his realistic large-scale models including the flea, house fly, and spider. As an entomologist he focused on treehoppers (Membracidae), authoring eight papers on their biology.
Workers tend different hemipteran taxa (i.e., Coccidae, Pseudococcidae, Membracidae and Aethalionidae). Trophobiosis (tending other organism for food) has been reported only twice for workers tending coccids. Yet, life for arboreal ants, particularly those species with large colonies, cannot only be based on the results of their predatory activity, so that their ability to exploit different plant-derived food sources such as extrafloral nectar and the honeydew of sap-sucking hemipterans is primordial. Trophobiosis may be frequent, but can only be confirmed if observers have access to the uppermost part of the canopy or find a colony restricted to low vegetation.
Umbonia crassicornis is a common and widespread member of the insect family Membracidae, and one of numerous species colloquially referred to as thorn bugs. The body length of the adult is approximately . This is a variable species as to size, color and structure, particularly the pronotal horn of males (which is more angled posteriorly than the females' and often somewhat expanded apically). This tall, essentially perpendicular thorn-like pronotum discourages birds and other predators from eating it, if only by mistakenly confusing it with a thorn. Typically, the adult is green or yellow with reddish lines and brownish markings. The range of this species is from Northern South America all the way to Mexico and Florida. Its preferred hosts are ornamental and fruit trees of subtropical regions.
The prothorax is the foremost of the three segments in the thorax of an insect, and bears the first pair of legs. Its principal sclerites (exoskeletal plates) are the pronotum (dorsal), the prosternum (ventral), and the propleuron (lateral) on each side. The prothorax never bears wings in extant insects, though some fossil groups possessed wing-like projections. All adult insects possess legs on the prothorax, though in a few groups (e.g., the butterfly family Nymphalidae) the forelegs are greatly reduced. In many groups of insects, the pronotum is reduced in size, but in a few it is hypertrophied, such as in all beetles (Coleoptera), in which the pronotum is expanded to form the entire dorsal surface of the thorax, and most treehoppers (family Membracidae, order Hemiptera), in which the pronotum is expanded into often fantastic shapes that enhance their camouflage or mimicry. Similarly, in the Tetrigidae, the pronotum is extended backward to cover the flight wings, supplanting the function of the tegmina.
Ants engage in associations with other honeydew-producing hemipterans such as scale insects (Coccidae), mealybugs (Pseudococcidae), and treehoppers (Membracidae), and most of these interaction are facultative and opportunistic with some cases of obligate associations, such as hemipterans that are inquiline, meaning they can only survive inside ant nests. In addition to protection, ants may provide other services in exchange for hemipteran honeydew. Some ants bring hemipteran larvae into the ant nests and rear them along with their own ant brood. Additionally, ants may actively aid in hemipteran dispersal: queen ants have been observed transporting aphids during their dispersive flights to establish a new colony, and worker ants will often carry aphids to a new nesting site if the previous ant nest has been disturbed. Ants may also carry hemipterans to different parts of a plant or to different plants in order to ensure a fresh food source and/or adequate protection for the herd.
The Machaerotidae (Hemiptera: Cercopoidea) comprise a small, distinct and interesting group of insects mainly inhabiting the Old World tropics. The adult often has a long, free and spine-like process originating at the scutellum and is thus superficially similar to the Membracidae. Its tegmen or forewing, like typical bugs of the suborder Heteroptera, always has a distinct, membranous apical area. The nymph constructs a calcareous tube on some woody dicotyledons and immerses itself in a rather clear fluid excretion inside the tube. The tube strongly resembles the shell of certain serpulid sea worms or helicoid land snails and contain no less than 75% calcium carbonate. This habit is quite uncommon in the class Insecta and markedly different from that of typical cercopoids or spittlebugs, which make and live in a froth mass either below or above ground.
The larvae are carnivorous. They feed on Auchenorrhyncha species belonging to the families Cicadellidae and Membracidae, including "Leptocentrus altifrons", "Anchon relatum", "Gargara variegata" and "Nehela ornata". They creep up on their prey, periodically stopping and vibrating the true legs. On reaching the prey, the legs are vibrated on the closed wings of their target, much as the tending ants do with their antennae. The larva then raises its body over the cicadellid, then drops onto it, grasping it with its true legs. The prey is killed by a bite to the back of the neck, then completely consumed, the legs of the larva aiding in holding the prey and guiding the prey to its mouth. The larvae are dark brown. They are associated with the ant species "Pheidole aurivillii" race "kasaiensis" and "Camponotus akwapimensis" var. "poultoni".