Synonyms for menopause or Related words with menopause

menopausal              puberty              menstruation              perimenopause              childbirth              impotence              postmenopausal              hypogonadism              parturition              andropause              pregnancy              ovulation              infertility              gynecomastia              climacteric              ejaculation              lactation              adolescence              perimenopausal              postmenopause              endometriosis              menarche              hypoestrogenism              pcos              osteopenia              postpartum              oligomenorrhea              miscarriage              premenopausal              dysmenorrhea              amenorrhea              sarcopenia              hypothyroidism              orgasm              osteoporosis              preeclampsia              subfertility              breastfeeding              intercourse              hyperthyroidism              dysmenorrhoea              metrorrhagia              menorrhagia              hyperandrogenic              eclampsia              hypogonadal              dhea              anovulation              anovulatory              pubertal             

Examples of "menopause"
Postmenopausal confusion is a symptom of menopause; women face problems with cognition during and after menopause due to hormonal imbalances.
NAMS also releases consumer educational materials such as the print resource "The Menopause Guidebook" and the e-mail newsletter "Menopause Flashes". Other educational resources related to menopause can be found at the NAMS website
The cessation of menstrual cycles at the end of a woman's reproductive period is termed menopause. The average age of menopause in women is 52 years, with anywhere between 45 and 55 being common. Menopause before age 45 is considered "premature" in industrialised countries. Like the age of menarche, the age of menopause is largely a result of cultural and biological factors; however, illnesses, certain surgeries, or medical treatments may cause menopause to occur earlier than it might have otherwise.
Induced menopause is menopause induced by medical treatment, intentionally or unintentionally. Some causes of induced menopause are: chemotherapy, radiotherapy, oophorectomy, or complications of tubal ligation, hysterectomy, unilateral salpingo-oophorectomy or Lupron usage.
The theories discussed above assume that evolution directly selected for menopause. Another theory states that menopause is the byproduct of the evolutionary selection for follicular atresia, a factor that causes menopause. Menopause results from having too few ovarian follicles to produce enough estrogen to maintain the ovarian-pituitary-hypothalamic loop, which results in the cessation of menses and the beginning of menopause. Human females are born with approximately a million oocytes, and approximately 400 oocytes are lost to ovulation throughout life.
They are typically estrogen-producing and they occur in older women (mean age 59; 84% after menopause). (They can, however, appear before menopause.)
One way of assessing the impact on women of some of these menopause effects are the Greene Climacteric Scale questionnaire, the Cervantes Scale and the Menopause Rating Scale.
Within the United States, social location affects the way women perceive menopause and its related biological effects. Research indicates that whether a woman views menopause as a medical issue or an expected life change is correlated with her socio-economic status. The paradigm within which a woman considers menopause influences the way she views it: Women who understand menopause as a medical condition rate it significantly more negatively than those who view it as a life transition or a symbol of aging.
Women who have had bilateral oophorectomy surgeries lose most of their ability to produce the hormones estrogen and progesterone, and lose about half of their ability to produce testosterone, and subsequently enter what is known as "surgical menopause" (as opposed to normal menopause, which occurs naturally in women as part of the aging process). In natural menopause the ovaries generally continue to produce low levels of hormones, especially androgens, long after menopause, which may explain why surgical menopause is generally accompanied by a more sudden and severe onset of symptoms than natural menopause, symptoms that may continue until the natural age of menopause. These symptoms are commonly addressed through hormone therapy, utilizing various forms of estrogen, testosterone, progesterone or a combination.
Menopause is usually a natural change. It can occur earlier in those who smoke tobacco. Other causes include surgery that removes both ovaries or some types of chemotherapy. At the physiological level, menopause happens because of a decrease in the ovaries' production of the hormones estrogen and progesterone. While typically not needed, a diagnosis of menopause can be confirmed by measuring hormone levels in the blood or urine. Menopause is the opposite of menarche, the time when a girl's periods start.
Utian became the Director of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology at the University Hospitals of Cleveland and Chairman of Reproductive Biology at Case Western Reserve University in 1989, staying in the position until 1999. In 1989 Utian also became the Executive director and founder of the North American Menopause Society, located in Cleveland, Ohio. He also served as the editor of the society's scientific journal "Menopause". He has additionally served as the President of the International Menopause Society. In 1998 he became the founding Secretary of the Council of Affiliated Menopause Societies. Utian retired from the head of the North American Menopause Society in 2009.
The aim of the WSSM is to promote knowledge among health-care providers on menopause-related issues. It provides courses, educational programs and lectures in the field of adult women's health and menopause in liaison with national or regional menopause societies when requested.
In 1994 NAMS launched "Menopause", a peer-reviewed scientific journal meant to provide a forum for clinical research, applied basic science, and practice guidelines on all aspects of menopause.The scope of "Menopause" encompasses many varied biomedical areas, including internal medicine, family practice, obstetrics, gynecology, medical subspecialties such as cardiology and geriatrics, epidemiology, pathology, sociology, psychology, anthropology, and pharmacology. Additional professional educational material provided by NAMS includes the textbook "Menopause Practice: A Clinician's Guide"; position statements on hormone therapy, management of menopausal symptoms, prevention and treatment of osteoporosis, and other topics; an annual scientific conference; and the e-mail newsletters "First to Know," "Menopause Care Updates", and "Menopause e-Consult".
In the Western world, the typical age of menopause (last period from natural causes) is between 40 and 61 and the average age for last period is 51 years. The average age of natural menopause in Australia is 51.7 years. In India and the Philippines, the median age of natural menopause is considerably earlier, at 44 years.
The following results strongly suggest that the loss of female hormones resulting from menopause accelerates the epigenetic aging rate of blood and possibly that of other tissues. First, early menopause has been found to be associated with an increased epigenetic age acceleration of blood. Second, surgical menopause (due to bilateral
In contrast to the sudden fall in estradiol during menopause, the levels of total and free testosterone, as well as dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) and androstenedione appear to decline more or less steadily with age. An effect of natural menopause on circulating androgen levels has not been observed. Thus specific tissue effects of natural menopause cannot be attributed to loss of androgenic hormone production.
At menopause, only 1,000 follicles remain. It seems likely that early menopause occurs for women with low populations at birth, and late menopause occurs for women with high populations at birth, but there is as yet no clinical evidence for this.
Fibroadenomas are partially hormone-related and frequently regress after menopause.
According to the North American Menopause Society (NAMS)
"Menopause: Natural and Medical Solutions" (with Ruth Trickey) (2002)