Synonyms for multiparous or Related words with multiparous
Examples of "multiparous"
The sign is usually present from 4–6 weeks until the 12th week of pregnancy. Hegar's sign is more difficult to recognize in
Abdominal reflex is noted as either present or absent. An absent response can be physiological. Physiological absent response can be due to obesity, tolerance, children,
lax abdominal wall.
A woman pregnant for the first time (primiparous), typically feels fetal movements at about 21 weeks, whereas a woman who has given birth at least once (
), will typically feel movements by 20 weeks. By the end of the fifth month, the fetus is about 20 cm (8 inches) long.
Typical meadow vole litters consist of four to six young, with extremes of one and 11 young. On average, 2.6 young are successfully weaned per litter. Litter size is not significantly correlated with latitude, elevation, or population density. Fall, winter, and spring litters tend to be smaller than summer litters. Litter size was positively correlated with body size, and is not significantly different in primaparous and
females. Primaparous females had fewer young per litter than
females. Litter size was constant in summer breeding periods at different population densities. Female meadow voles reach reproductive maturity earlier than males; some ovulate and become pregnant as early as three weeks old. Males are usually six to eight weeks old before mature sperm are produced. One captive female produced 17 litters in one year for a total of 83 young. One of her young produced 13 litters (totalling 78 young) before she was a year old.
Femoral hernias are more common in
females which results from elevated intra-abdominal pressure that dilates the femoral vein and which in turn stretches femoral ring. Such a constant pressure causes preperitoneal fat to insinuate in the femoral ring consequence of which is development of femoral peritoneal sac.
Reasons for wanting a solo home birth include: wanting a natural process, going through a polluted period, and increased self-confidence doing it alone. The idea of self-confidence and not needing anybody else is most strongly prevalent among
women, having already done it previously without any help.
Desmoid tumors arise most frequently from the aponeurosis of the rectus abdominal muscle of
women. The extra-abdominal form is rare and desmoids of the breast may arise in the mammary gland or may occur as an extension of a lesion arising from the muscles of the chest wall. The incidence of mammary desmoid tumours is less than 0.2% of primary breast neoplasms.
Perforating calcific elastosis (also known as "Localized acquired cutaneous pseudoxanthoma elasticum," "Perforating periumbilical calcific elastosis," and "Periumbilical perforating pseudoxanthoma elasticum") is an acquired, localized cutaneous disorder, most frequently found in obese,
, middle-aged women, characterized by lax, well-circumscribed, reticulated or cobble-stoned plaques occurring in the periumbilical region with keratotic surface papules.
This does not address the question of risk from plasma in other components, particularly apheresis platelets. Removing
women from this limited donor pool would likely cause too great a shortage of platelets, resulting in more deaths (due to hemorrhage) than are seen due to TRALI after platelet infusion.
Livestock breeders commonly bank colostrum from their animals. Colostrum can be stored frozen but it does lose some of its inherent quality. Colostrum produced on a breeder's own premises is considered to be superior to colostrum from other sources, because it is produced by animals already exposed to (and, thus, making antibodies to) pathogens occurring on the premises. A German study reported that
mares produced on average a liter (quart) of colostrum containing 70 grams of IgG.
Monsanto-sponsored trials reviewed by the FDA asked whether the use of rBST makes cows more susceptible to mastitis. According to the FDA, which used data from eight Monsanto-sponsored trials in its decision in 1993 to approve Monsanto's rBST product, the answer is yes. The data from these eight trials, which involved 487 cows, showed that during the period of rBST treatment, mastitis incidence increased by 76% in primiparous cows and by 50% for
cows. Overall, the increase was 53%.
A woman who has never carried a pregnancy beyond 20 weeks is "nulliparous", and is called a "nullipara" or "para 0". A woman who has given birth once before is "primiparous", and is referred to as a "primipara" or "primip"; moreover, a woman who has given birth two or more times is "
" and is called a "multip". Finally, "grand multipara" describes the condition of having given birth three or more times.
The reproduction cycles of black snub-nosed monkey is generally similar to that of golden snub-nosed monkeys, except the time of birth is often two to three months later due to colder climate. Like most primates, the snub-nosed monkey gives birth at night, making it difficult for researchers to observe. A rare observation of a daytime birth found a
female assisting another female in the birthing process, similar to human midwifery practice.
Thirdly, additional tests may be required before becoming a donor for the first time. These tests may establish a platelet count. Newer automated platelet pheresis machines do that as the donation begins, and adjust accordingly the quantity of platelets to be drawn. Tests may also determine the donor's compatibility with particular recipients through an HLA (Human Leukocyte Antigen) test.
women may be excluded from becoming donors due to heightened TRALI risk. These tests usually involve nothing more involved than the drawing of several tubes of blood.
She obtained a postgraduate scholarship to the University of Alexandria, where she obtained a Bachelor of Science and then continued her studies at the University of Reading, where she obtained a Masters and a PhD after defending a thesis on goat breeding in Matabeleland. She then was a researcher in the Department of Animal Production of the University of Zimbabwe, where she led an experimental study of a group consisting of
goats accustomed to outdoor life and free grazing that have been put in barn and fed pre-cut hay. This study highlighted the low adaptation of goats in a confined and stall feeding. She is also responsible for a cattle operation.
The active stage of labour (or "active phase of first stage" if the previous phase is termed "latent phase of first stage") has geographically differing definitions. In the US, the definition of active labour was changed from 3 to 4 cm, to 5 cm of cervical dilation for
women, mothers who had given birth previously, and at 6 cm for nulliparous women, those who had not given birth before. This has been done in an effort to increase the rates of vaginal delivery.
The reticulate whipray preys on a variety of benthic and neritic organisms, including crabs, shrimps, mantis shrimps, bivalves, gastropods, worms, jellyfish, and bony fishes. In the western Indian Ocean, about two-thirds of its diet consists of fishes, in particular ponyfish and anchovies, with shrimps and other crustaceans making up most of the remainder. By contrast, rays in Australian waters are apparently not piscivorous, and are known to consume penaeid prawns. Known parasites of this species include "Anthrobothrium loculatum", "Dendromonocotyle colorni", "Halysiorhynchus macrocephalus", "Monocotyle helicophallus", "M.
", and "M. spiremae", "Thaumatocotyle australensis", and "Tylocephalum chiralensis".
While all Japanese women are encouraged to rest after birth, primiparous women need only focus on one child whereas
women face additional childcare obligations. Therefore, while primiparous Japanese women traditionally return to their mother's home for about one month after leaving the hospital to be cared for and receive help with the care of the baby, it is more likely that female family members of a new mother will go to her house to help out if there are additionally children to watch.
Elephant seals are among the seals that can stay on land for the longest periods of time, as they can stay dry for several consecutive weeks each year. Males arrive in the colonies earlier than the females and fight for control of harems when they arrive. Large body size confers advantages in fighting and the agonistic relationships of the bulls gives rise to a dominance hierarchy with access to harems and activity within harems, being determined by rank. The dominant bulls (“harem masters”) establish harems of several dozen females. The least successful males have no harems, but may try to copulate with a harem male's females when the male is not looking. The majority of primiparous females and a significant proportion of
females mate at sea with roaming males away from harems.
The cause of TRALI is currently not fully understood. TRALI is thought to be immune mediated. Antibodies directed toward human leukocyte antigens (HLA) or human neutrophil antigens (HNA) have been implicated. Women who are
(conceived more than one child) develop these antibodies through exposure to fetal blood; transfusion of blood components obtained from these donors is thought to carry a higher risk of inducing immune-mediated TRALI. Previous transfusion or transplantation can also lead to donor sensitization. To be at risk of TRALI via this mechanism, the blood recipient must express the specific HLA or neutrophil receptors to which the implicated donor has formed antibodies. A two-hit hypothesis has been suggested wherein pre-existing pulmonary pathology (i.e. the first-hit) leads to localization of neutrophils to the pulmonary microvasculature. The second hit occurs when the aforementioned antibodies are transfused and attach to and activate neutrophils, leading to release of cytokines and vasoactive substances that induce non-cardiac pulmonary edema.
Copyright © 2017