Synonyms for nominalist or Related words with nominalist
Examples of "nominalist"
reconstructions in mathematics:
A critique of
reconstructions in mathematics was undertaken by Burgess (1983) and Burgess and Rosen (1997). Burgess distinguished two types of
reconstructions. Thus, "hermeneutic nominalism" is the hypothesis that science, properly interpreted, already dispenses with mathematical objects
Henry of Oyta () (c.1330 – 1397) was a German theologian and
: Whatever a group of people who consider themselves a nation say a nation is
Plato was perhaps the first writer in Western philosophy to clearly state a non-
Stanisław Leśniewski rejected set theory, a stance that has come to be known as nominalism. For a long time, nearly all philosophers and mathematicians avoided mereology, seeing it as tantamount to a rejection of set theory. Goodman too was a
, and his fellow
Richard Milton Martin employed a version of the calculus of individuals throughout his career, starting in 1941.
In Tibetan Buddhism, the essentialist position is represented by "shentong", while the
, or non-essentialist position, is represented by "rangtong".
Literary nominalism is a paradigm of thought that is interested in the interconnections between certain aspects of
philosophy and theology and works of literature.
This section presents a simple formulation of plural logic/quantification approximately the same as given by Boolos in "
Platonism" (Boolos 1985).
In philosophy he opposed Nicholas of Autrecourt, and also the
Augustinian Gregory of Rimini. On the dependence of natural law on divine will he followed Pierre d'Ailly.
In "Revolutions, Universals, and Sexual Categories", Boswell compares the constructionist–essentialist positions to the realist–
dichotomy. He also lists three types of sexual taxonomies:
By the start of the scientific revolution, empiricism had already become an important component of science and natural philosophy. Prior thinkers, including the early 14th century
philosopher William of Ockham, had begun the intellectual movement toward empiricism.
critique of the view that kinds of things exist, raises for consideration the role that humans play in the species problem. For example, Haldane suggested that species are just mental abstractions.
One of the first
critiques of Plato's realism was that of Diogenes of Sinope, who said "I've seen Plato's cups and table, but not his cupness and tableness."
According to Meyendorff, this confrontation between Barlaam's nominalism and Palamas' realism began with a dispute over the best way to address the Filioque controversy with the Latins but quickly spilled over into a conflict over Hesychasm. Among his criticisms of Meyendorff's presentation of the Hesychast controversy, John Romanides reserves his harshest criticism for Meyendorff's characterization of Barlaam as both a
and a Platonist/Neo-Platonist on the grounds that the histories of philosophy and theology had up to that point presented the two views as mutually exclusive. Romanides proceeds to argue that Barlaam was clearly a Christian Platonist and not a
Marsilius of Inghen is most well known for his work in nominalism. Though no one called themselves nominalists in the 14th century, he is considered one of the movement's "forefathers." In his
philosophy he accepted the basic
foundation, namely that universals are only existent within the mind, and outside the mind there are only individuals. He advocated that human knowledge can be derived from a foundation of sensory knowledge. However, to Marsilius, metaphysical knowledge was the greatest obtainable form of knowledge. This is due to its ability to grasp the most highly universal propositions.
Max Stirner would occasionally socialize with the Young Hegelians, but held views much to the contrary of these thinkers, all of whom he consequently satirized and mocked in his
masterpiece "Der Einzige und Sein Eigentum" ("The Ego and Its Own").
Prominent later nominalists were the general of the Augustinians, Gregory of Rimini (d. 1359), and Gabriel Biel (d. 1495), who has been called the "last Scholastic".
subtleties, coupled with an austere Augustinism, made Gregory of Rimini the precursor of Baianism and Jansenism. Gabriel Biel praised Occam and commented on his writings.
Mirecourt is generally thought to be a
, and is often thought of as being a follower of William Ockham. Mirecourt rejected the idea of an imperfect intuitive cognition, however, which is a considerable departure from Ockham. The two, though, are generally in accord, especially with respect to their epistemological views.
During his time in France, Celaya was a prolific writer, dealing mainly with the physics of Aristotle, in particular the study of motion. He also published numerous works on philosophy and logic. He was one of the main promoters of
logic and the Oxford Calculators ideas about Dynamics and Kinematics.
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