Synonyms for nonconvulsive or Related words with nonconvulsive
Examples of "nonconvulsive"
Status epilepticus can be divided into two categories: convulsive and
status epilepticus. Ictal confusion in later life. Arch Neurol 1985;42(8):778-781.
Fagan KJ, Lee SI. Prolonged confusion following convulsions due to generalized
status epilepticus. Neurology 1990;40(11):1689-1694.
Granner MA, Lee SI.
status epilepticus: EEG analysis in a large series. Epilepsia 1994;35(1):42-
status epilepticus is a relatively long duration change in a person's level of consciousness without large scale bending and extension of the limbs due to seizure activity. It is of two main types with either prolonged complex partial seizures or absence seizures. Up to a quarter of cases of SE are
There is additional speculation that atypical cases of TEA in the form of
status epilepticus may present with duration similar to TGA. This may constitute a distinct subgroup of TGA.
Atonic, atypical absence, tonic, complex partial, focalized and tonic–clonic seizures are also common. Additionally, about half of patients will have status epilepticus, usually the
type, which is characterized by dizziness, apathy, and unresponsiveness. The seizures can cause sudden falling (or spasms in tonic, atonic and myoclonic episodes) and/or loss of balance, which is why patients often wear a helmet to prevent head injury.
Most of the seizures are prolonged and half of them last more than 30 minutes thus constituting autonomic status epilepticus, which is the more common
status epilepticus in normal children. Characteristically, even after the most severe seizures and autonomic status epilepticus, the child is normal after a few hours of sleep, which is both diagnostic and reassuring. However, it has been recently reported that sometime after status epilepticus in children with Panayiotopoulos syndrome a. growth of the frontal and prefrontal lobes is slightly decreased and b.the scores on the neuropsychological tests is decreased.
He graduated medical school in Yonsei University in Seoul, Korea in 1958. He spent his residency in neurology at University of Virginia and served a fellowship in EEG at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota. He returned to South Korea and served as chair of neurology at Yonsei University. In 1974, he was hired as faculty of neurology at the University of Virginia. He was director of EEG and Evoked Potentials. His clinical research centered on the clinical and EEG characteristics of
status epilepticus (also complex partial status epilepticus, absence status epilepticus, ictal stupor).
Hemorrhagic cystitis is rare when ifosfamide is given with mesna. A common and dose-limiting side effect is encephalopathy (brain dysfunction). It occurs in some form in up to 50% of people receiving the agent. The reaction is probably mediated by chloroacetaldehyde, one of the breakdown products of the ifosfamide molecule, which has chemical properties similar to acetaldehyde and chloral hydrate. The symptoms of ifosfamide encephalopathy can range from mild (difficulty concentrating, fatigue), to moderate (delirium, psychosis), to severe (
status epilepticus or coma). In children, this can interfere with neurological development. Apart from the brain, ifosfamide can also affect peripheral nerves. The severity of the reaction can be classified according to either the National Cancer Institute or the Meanwell criteria (grade I-IV). Previous brain problems and low levels of albumin in the blood increase the likelihood of ifosfamide encephalopathy. In most cases, the reaction resolves spontaneously within 72 hours. If it develops during an infusion of the drug, discontinuing the infusion is advised. The most effective treatment for severe (grade III-IV) encephalopathy is an intravenous solution of methylene blue, which appears to shorten the duration of encephalopathy; the exact mechanism of action of methylene blue is unclear. In some cases, methylene blue may be used as a prophylaxis before further doses of ifosfamide are administered. Other treatments include albumin and thiamine, and dialysis as a rescue modality.
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