Synonyms for pannoniae or Related words with pannoniae
Examples of "pannoniae"
Ljudevit was mentioned in the Frankish Annals as "Liudewitus, dux
inferioris", having led an uprising against the Franks, joined by the Carantanians and other Slavic tribes.
He printed Paulus of Krosno's "Pangyrici ad divum Ladislaum
" while at Winterburger's. In 1510 he opened his own print shop, the first work being Joachim Vadian's edition of "Parvulus philosophie naturalis" of Petrus Dresdensis, completed on August 16, 1510.
At the time in which "Notitia Dignitatum" was written (late 4th century), the first detachment of "Decima Gemina" was under the command of the "Magister Militum per Orientem", and was a comitatensis unit. The other detachment was still in Vindobona, under the command of the "Dux
primae et Norici ripensis".
The document comprises a list of the names of all the provinces of the empire (c. 100 in total), organised according to the 12 newly created regional groupings called dioceses. Although the 12 dioceses are presented in a single list, they are not ordered in a single geographical sequence but rather in two separate eastern and western groups, the eastern group (Oriens, Pontica, Asiana, Thraciae, Moesiae,
) preceding the western (Britanniae, Galliae, Viennensis, Italiae, Hispaniae, Africa). The split is apparent from the discontinuity midway in the list between the dioceses of
and Britanniae. The eastern half of the list circles the Mediterranean neatly anticlockwise from south to north or, in continental terms, from Africa, through Asia, to Europe. The arrangement of the western half is less tidy, though it is approximately anticlockwise from north to south, or from Europe to Africa.
Some time between the years 102 and 107, between the first and second Dacian wars, Trajan divided the province into Pannonia Superior (western part with the capital Carnuntum), and Pannonia Inferior (eastern part with the capitals in Aquincum and Sirmium). According to Ptolemy, these divisions were separated by a line drawn from Arrabona in the north to Servitium in the south; later, the boundary was placed further east. The whole country was sometimes called the Pannonias (
The "Notitia" also mentions a "tribunus gentis Marcomannorum" under the command of the "dux
et Norici" and a "tribunus gentis per Raetias deputatae" (tribune of natives in the Raetian provinces). These Marcomanni were probably "laeti" also and may be the descendants of tribespeople settled in the area in the 2nd century by Marcus Aurelius. Alternatively (or additionally), they may have been descended from Germans settled in Pannonia following Gallienus's treaty with King Attalus of the Marcomanni in AD 258/9.
The Benedictine Pannonhalma Archabbey or Territorial Abbey of Pannonhalma (lat. "Archiabbatia" or "Abbatia Territorialis Sancti Martini in Monte
") is a medieval building in Pannonhalma, one of the oldest historical monuments in Hungary. Founded in 996, it is located near the town, on top of a hill (282 m). Saint Martin of Tours is believed to have been born at the foot of this hill, hence its former name, Mount of Saint Martin (), from which the monastery occasionally took the alternative name of Márton-hegyi Apátság. This is the second largest territorial abbey in the world, after the one in Monte Cassino.
Other, distinct polities also existed near the Croat duchy. These included the Guduscans (based in Liburnia), the Narentines (around the Cetina and Neretva) and the Sorabi (Serbs) who ruled some other eastern parts of ex-Roman "Dalmatia". Also prominent in the territory of future Croatia was the polity of Prince Liutevid, who ruled the territories between the Drava and Sava rivers ("Pannonia Inferior"), centred from his fort at Sisak. Although Duke Liutevid and his people are commonly seen as a "Pannonian Croats", he is, due to the lack of "evidence that they had a sense of Croat identity" referred to as "dux
Inferioris", or simply a Slav, by contemporary sources. However, soon, the Croats became the dominant local power in northern Dalmatia, absorbing Liburnia and expanding their name by conquest and prestige. In the south, while having periods of independence, the Naretines also "merged" with Croats later under control of Croatian Kings.
Also to this end, and to provide more professional military leadership, Diocletian separated military from civil command at the lowest, provincial level. Governors of provinces on the frontiers were stripped of command of the troops stationed there in favour of purely military officers called "duces limitis" ("border commanders"). Some 20 "duces" may have been created under Diocletian. Most "duces" were given command of forces in a single province, but a few controlled more than one province e.g. the "dux
I et Norici". However, at higher echelons, military and administrative command remained united in the "vicarii" and "praefecti praetorio". In addition, Diocletian completed the exclusion of the senatorial class, still dominated by the Italian aristocracy, from all senior military commands and from all top administrative posts except in Italy.
Bassianae was founded as an autonomous "civitas" in the 1st century and existed until the 6th century. It obtained the "municipium" status in 124 AD, while in 214 AD it was recorded as a colony. Initially, the town was part of Pannonia province, but due to the subsequent divisions of this province, Bassianae was included into Pannonia Inferior (2nd century) and later into Pannonia Secunda (3rd century). It was one of the more important towns in the Pannonia province. During late Roman Empire, the town was a seat of one high official - "procurator gynaecii Bassianensis
secundae". In the 4th century it had a "gynaecia" (Imperial woollen mill, showing the importance of the town) and was a seat of the Christian bishopric.
On rivers, "actuariae" could operate year-round, except during periods when the rivers were ice-bound or of high water (after heavy rains or thaw), when the river-current was dangerously strong. It is likely that the establishment of the empire's frontier on the Rhine-Danube line was dictated by the logistical need for large rivers to accommodate supply ships more than by defensibility. These rivers were dotted with purpose-built military docks ("portus exceptionales"). The protection of supply convoys on the rivers was the responsibility of the fluvial flotillas ("classes") under the command of the riverine "duces". The "Notitia" gives no information about the Rhine flotillas (as the Rhine frontier had collapsed by the time the Western section was compiled), but mentions 4 "classes Histricae" (Danube flotillas) and 8 other "classes" in tributaries of the Danube. Each flotilla was commanded by a "praefectus classis" who reported to the local "dux". It appears that each "dux" on the Danube disposed of at least one flotilla (one, the "dux
", controlled three).
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