Synonyms for pocd or Related words with pocd
Examples of "pocd"
has been studied through various institutions since the inception of the IPOCDS-I study centred in Eindhoven, Netherlands and Copenhagen, Denmark. This study found no causal relationship between cerebral hypoxia and low blood pressure and
. Age, duration of anaesthesia, introperative complications, and postoperative infections were found to be associated with
Other studies have shown that there is an association between Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (
) and impaired performance in the four boxes test, but that the test is not a good predictor of
is common after cardiac surgery, and recent studies have now verified that
also exists after major non-cardiac surgery, although at a lower incidence. The risk of
increases with age, and the type of surgery is also important because there is a very low incidence associated with minor surgery.
is common in adult patients of all ages at hospital discharge after major noncardiac surgery, but only the elderly (aged 60 years or older) are at significant risk for long-term cognitive problems. Patients with
are at an increased risk of death in the first year after surgery. Research interest has increased since early 2000, especially as more elderly patients are able to undergo successful minor and major surgeries.
Concerns exist with regard to the relationship between administration of isoflurane and postoperative cognitive dysfunction (
), for which the elderly are especially vulnerable.
Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (
) is a decline in cognitive function (especially in memory and executive functions) that may last from a few days to a few weeks after surgery. In rare cases, this disorder may persist for several months after major surgery.
is distinct from emergence delirium. It occurs most commonly in older patients and those with pre-existing cognitive impairment.
Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (also known as "
" and post-anesthetic confusion) is a disturbance in cognition after surgery. It may also be variably used to describe emergence delirium (immediate post-operative confusion) and early cognitive dysfunction (diminished cognitive function in the first post-operative week). Although the three entities (delirium, early
) are separate, the presence of delirium post-operatively predicts the presence of early
. There does not appear to be an association between delirium or early
. According to a recent study conducted at the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, the brain navigates its way through a series of activity clusters, or "hubs" on its way back to consciousness. Dr. Andrew Hudson, an assistant professor in anesthesiology states, "Recovery from anesthesia is not simply the result of the anesthetic 'wearing off,' but also of the brain finding its way back through a maze of possible activity states to those that allow conscious experience. Put simply, the brain reboots itself."
DeVille made the original recording of "I Call Your Name" for this album. It appeared on a CD single with the song "Miracle" (Polyldor
891). DeVille recorded a second, lusher, string-arranged version of "I Call Your Name" for his album "Backstreets of Desire" (1992).
The causes of
are not understood. It does not appear to be caused by lack of oxygen or impaired blood flow to the brain and is equally likely under regional and general anesthesia. It may be mediated by the body's inflammatory response to surgery.
DeVille originally made "I Call Your Name" during recording sessions for his 1987 album "Miracle" (the song appeared on a CD single with the song "Miracle"; Polyldor
891). For "Backstreets of Desire", he recorded another, more lush, string-arranged version of the song.
Long-term postoperative cognitive dysfunction is a subtle deterioration in cognitive function, that can last for weeks, months, or longer. Most commonly, relatives of the person report a lack of attention, memory and loss of interest in activities previously dear to the person (such as crosswords). In a similar way, people in the workforce may report an inability to complete tasks at the same speed they could previously. There is good evidence that
occurs after cardiac surgery and the major reason for its occurrence is the formation of microemboli.
also appears to occur in non-cardiac surgery. Its causes in non-cardiac surgery are less clear but older age is a risk factor for its occurrence.
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