Synonyms for premenopausal or Related words with premenopausal
Examples of "premenopausal"
The drug is contraindicated in
women, which of course includes pregnant and lactating women.
- increased estrogen is thought to increase cholesterol levels in bile and decrease gallbladder contractions)
Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) with estrogen can be used to treat hypoestrogenism both in
and postmenopausal women.
OHPC is significantly effective in extending life in both
and postmenopausal women with advanced endometrial cancer.
because of high levels of aromatase ligands (substrate) in ovaries of
women. By inhibiting aromatase in
women the estrogen levels are reduced for a short time but it leads to activation of the hypothalamus and the pituitary axis which promote gonadotropin secretion that causes rise in estrogen levels by stimulating the ovaries.
women, adnexal masses include ovarian cysts, ectopic (tubal) pregnancies, benign (noncancerous) or malignant (cancerous) tumors, endometriomas, polycystic ovaries, and tubo-ovarian abscess. In females of reproductive age, adnexal masses can be physiologic or complex masses. Most common causes for adnexal masses in
women are follicular cysts and corpus luteum cysts. Abscesses can form as a complication of pelvic inflammatory disease.
Aromatase Inhibitors have been used to preserve fertility by stimulate ovulation in
breast cancer survivors. By inhibiting aromatase in
women the estrogen levels are reduced temporarily which leads to increased gonadotropin secretion and stimulate ovaries and that causes rise in estrogen levels.
Android fat distributions change across life course. The main changes in "women" are associated with menopause.
women tend to show a more gynoid fat distribution than
women - this is associated with a drop in oestrogen levels. An android fat distribution becomes more common post-menopause, where oestrogen is at its lowest levels. Older "men" show android fat distributions more often than younger men which may be due to lifestyle changes, or hormonal changes related to age.
The specificity of CA-125 is particularly low in
women because many benign conditions that cause fluctuations in CA-125 levels, such as menstruation, pregnancy, and pelvic inflammatory disease, are seen in this population.
Vulvar Vestibulitis Syndrome (VVS) is the most common subtype of vulvodynia that affects
women. The syndrome has been cited as affecting about 10% to 15% of women seeking gynecological care.
Recent anxieties about the contribution of progestogens to the increased risk of breast cancer associated with HRT in postmenopausal women such as found in the WHI trials have not spread to progestogen-only contraceptive use in
One of the most recent studies revealed that for women after menopause a low dose of 5 mg testosterone cream suffices to raise testosterone back to a
Vulvar vestibulitis syndrome is the most common subtype of vulvodynia that affects
women – the syndrome has been cited as affecting about 10%–15% of women seeking gynecological care.
For comparison, normal menstrual cycle serum levels of estradiol in
women are 40 pg/mL in the early follicular phase to 250 pg/mL at the middle of the cycle and 100 pg/mL during the mid-luteal phase. Serum estrone levels during the menstrual cycle range from 40 to 170 pg/mL, which parallels the serum levels of estradiol. Mean levels of estradiol in
women are between 80 and 150 pg/mL according to different sources. The estradiol-to-estrone ratio in
women is higher than 1:1. In postmenopausal women, the serum levels of estradiol are below 15 pg/ml and the average levels of estrone are about 30 pg/ml; the estradiol-to-estrone ratio is reversed to less than 1:1.
There is an association between use of hormonal birth control and the development of
breast cancer, but whether oral contraceptives use may actually cause
breast cancer is a matter of debate. If there is indeed a link, the absolute effect is small. Additionally, it is not clear if the association exists with newer hormonal birth controls. In those with mutations in the breast cancer susceptibility genes "BRCA1" or "BRCA2", or who have a family history of breast cancer, use of modern oral contraceptives does not appear to affect the risk of breast cancer.
Aromatase inhibitors are medications that prevent estrogen production in the adrenal glands and adipose tissue. They have fewer side effects than selective estrogen receptor modulators like tamoxifen, but do not work in
women, because they do not prevent the ovaries from producing estrogen.
Dysfunctional uterine bleeding is a hormonally caused bleeding abnormality. Dysfunctional uterine bleeding typically occurs in
women who do not ovulate normally (i.e. are anovulatory). All these bleeding abnormalities need medical attention; they may indicate hormone imbalances, uterine fibroids, or other problems. As pregnant women may bleed, a pregnancy test forms part of the evaluation of abnormal bleeding.
27. Erickson D, Keenan DM, Farhy L, Mielke K, Bowers CY, Veldhuis JD. Determinants of Dual Secretagogue Drive of Burst Like Growth Hormone Secretion in
Women Studied Under a Selective estradiol Clamp. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2005; 90:1741-1751.
The diameter of the hysteroscope is generally too large to conveniently pass the cervix directly, thereby necessitating cervical dilation to be performed prior to insertion. Cervical dilation can be performed by temporarily stretching the cervix with a series of "dilators" of increasing diameter. Misoprostol prior to hysteroscopy for cervical dilation appears to facilitate an easier and uncomplicated procedure only in
An increase in Disease-Free Survival (DFS) was found in the ABCSG-12 trial, in which 1,803
women with endocrine-responsive early breast cancer received anastrozole with zoledronic acid. A retrospective analysis of the AZURE trial data revealed a DFS survival advantage, particularly where estrogen had been reduced.
Copyright © 2017