Synonyms for pubertal or Related words with pubertal
Examples of "pubertal"
Gluten challenge is discouraged before the age of 5 years and during
Heterozygous missense mutations in this same gene cause
onset hereditary lymphedema.
There are three indications that
delay may be due to an abnormal cause.
FSH regulates the development, growth,
maturation and reproductive processes of the human body.
There are two phases in which the testes grow substantially; namely in embryonic and
delay due to gonadotropin deficiency is treated with testosterone replacement or with HCG.
A marked delay of sleep patterns is a normal feature of the development of adolescent humans. According to Mary Carskadon, both circadian phase and homeostasis (the accumulation of sleep pressure during the wake period) contribute to a DSPD-like condition in post-
as compared to pre-
youngsters. Adolescent sleep phase delay "is present both across cultures and across mammalian species" and "it seems to be related to
stage rather than age."
An array of "autoamplification processes" increases the production of all of the
hormones of the hypothalamus, pituitary, and gonads.
Diagnosis is visual with measurement of spot size. The number of spots can have clinical significance for diagnosis of associated disorders such as Neurofibromatosis type I. Greater than or equal to 6 spots of at least 5mm in diameter in pre-
children and at least 15mm in post-
individuals is one of the major diagnostic criteria for NF1.
effects begin to occur when androgen has been higher than normal adult female levels for months or years. In males, these are usual late
effects, and occur in women after prolonged periods of heightened levels of free testosterone in the blood. The effects include:
The vagina of girls before puberty is thinner and has a different bacterial flora. Vaginal discharge in pre-
girls is minimal with a neutral to alkaline pH ranging from 6 to 8. The composition of the bacterial population in pre-
girls is dominated by staphylococcus species, in addition to a range of anaerobes, enterococci, "E. coli", and lactobacillus.
Thus, a WHR that indicates
onset, sex, fertility, hormonal irregularities, and/or differentiates male from female in one population may not do so in another.
Widening of the shoulders occurs as part of the male
process. Expansion of the ribcage is caused by the effects of testosterone during puberty.
Undervirilization is a medical term describing the state of a male whose body, especially the genitalia, shows evidence of below-normal prenatal (less commonly
) androgen effects.
IGF-1 is produced throughout life. The highest rates of IGF-1 production occur during the
growth spurt. The lowest levels occur in infancy and old age.
One area of concern is the lack of
growth standards for Saudi children. The only standards available to Saudi pediatricians
Clinical genetic evaluations and dysmorphology exams should be done to evaluate growth,
development, dysmorphic features (table 1) and screen for organ defects (table 2)
The most common reason pre-
females go to the gynecologist is concern about vaginal discharge and vaginal odor. The causes of abnormal vaginal discharge in pre-
girls is different than adults and is usually related to lifestyle factors such as irritation from harsh soaps or tight clothing. The vagina of pre-
girls (due to lack of estrogen) is thin-walled and has a different microbiota; additionally, the vulva in pre-
girls lacks pubic hair. These features makes the vagina more prone to bacterial infection. The bacteria that are more commonly responsible for vaginal discharge in pre-
girls is unique from other age groups, and includes Bacteriodes, Peptostreptococcus, and Candida (yeast). This can result from the colonization of the vagina with oral or fecal bacteria. Another cause of vaginal discharge in pre-
girls is the presence of a foreign object such as a toy or a piece of toilet paper. In the case of a foreign body, the discharge is often bloody or brown.
Although males remain fertile until death, the activity of the HPG axis decreases. As males age, the testes begin to produce less testosterone, leading to a condition known as post-
hypogonadism. The cause of the decreased testosterone is unclear and a current topic of research. Post-
hypogonadism results in progressive muscle mass decrease, increase in visceral fat mass, loss of libido, impotence, decreased attention, increased risk of fractures, and abnormal sperm production.
timing - precocious puberty - is associated with negative outcomes in both genders. Early maturing girls have been found to be at risk for teenage pregnancy, drinking and weight problems, and giving birth to low birth weight infants. Early maturing boys are at risk for sexual promiscuity and delinquency and testicular and prostate cancer. Individual difference in
timing may be influenced by weight, physical activity and genetics.
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